Lenten Latin Names What does it have to do with me?
Lent • Lent = lencten “springtime” • Sundays in Lent, not of Lent • Division of Lent • 3 Sundays before Lent • First 4 Sundays in Lent • Final 2 Sundays in Lent
Introit • Introit = introitus “entrance” • Dates back to early 400’s • Unknown author(s) • Selections from Scripture • 2/3 of 145 Introits from Psalms • Captures the theme of the Gospel • Lenten Introits = Prayers of Jesus in his suffering
Ash Wednesday • Last year’s Palm Sunday palms • Ashes on head or hand • Genesis 3:19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.
Goal of this Bible Study • Through study of the ancient Introits, may we have a deeper appreciation for our worship service and also a deeper understand of what our Lord endured to save us.
Study Outline • Invocavit – First Sunday in Lent • Reminiscere – Second Sunday in Lent • Oculi – Third Sunday in Lent • Laetare– Fourth Sunday in Lent • Judica – Fifth Sunday in Lent • Palmarum – Sixth Sunday in Lent
Invocavit – First Sunday in Lent “He will call”
Introduction • Psalm 91:15a, c, 16, 1 • Invocavit= “he will call” • Let’s look at the translations • Notice anything about the different Bible translations? • Secret place (KJV) vs shelter (ESV, NIV’s) vs protection (HCSB);
Luke 4:1-13 • The gospel appointed for this Sunday is Jesus’ temptation in the desert. (In fact for centuries, the gospel for this Sunday has been Jesus’ temptation in the desert.) How does this Introit connect to this gospel? • Jesus did use God’s Word to defeat the devil
Psalm 91 • This Psalm forms a unit with Psalm 90, which was written by Moses. This one does not name its author, but it was most likely written by Moses as well. Therefore these two psalms are the oldest of the psalms, dating to about 1500 BC. • Satan used Psalm 91:11,12 in his temptation of Jesus’ in the desert. (cf. Matthew 4:6; Luke 3:10-11) • CW 440 “On Eagle’s Wings” is based on this psalm. More than twenty other hymns have allusions to this psalm as well.
Psalm 91:15 • Who is speaking here? And to whom? • God is speaking to Jesus • When could/would Jesus remember a prayer like this during his suffering? • Basically all the time, but especially Maundy Thursday and Good Friday
Psalm 91:16 • What is long life? • “Getting to old age” or even better “eternal life” • How does God show Jesus “salvation”? • God will show Jesus how he will save him from his suffering, by Jesus’ death, salvation came to all of us
Psalm 91:1 • Keep in mind: the two parts of this verse are similar. • Is there a difference between “dwelling” and “resting”? • Dwell = living vs rest = peace, safety
Psalm 91:1 • Is there a difference between “shelter of the Most High” and “shadow of the Almighty”? • Not really, protection of the Lord • Why a shadow? How is that comforting? • Shade in the heat of the day • Look at the quote
Psalm 91:1 • What does “Most High” tell us about our God? • He is exalted • What does “Almighty” tell us about our God? • He is powerful, all powerful • Look at the quote
Conclusion • How is this Introit a good reminder of what Jesus suffered to save us? • It was intense, but God was there with him • How is this Introit a good reminder in our daily lives? • God is our protection as well • Look at the quote