1970’S. By Jonathan Askew. KEY POLITIAL FIGURES.
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By Jonathan Askew
When everyone wasn’t at the disco they were spending their time doing other interesting things. Music was really how most of the people back then got their entertainment. Bands were really big in the 1970s, they were both entertaining and trend setting. The bands New York Dolls and T.Rex were very popular, and also introduced the glittery glam look. The bands Led Zeppelin, Aerosmith, Sex pistils gave us the punk look with all their leathery ripped clothing and mohawks. The Jackson 5 sang lots of different kinds of music, but to satisfy the disco needs of the 70s they sang lots of disco. The Beatles were a band that touched everyone's hearts and lives, and helped people get through rough times with their reassuring music about love and peace. When the band broke up, it was devastating. People go to see all of these bands to have fun and go crazy. Television shows were also big entertainment for people. For example the shows Freaks and Greeks, which was huge for teens of that time. Mr. men, school house rock and pink panther were all shows that were mostly for the kids. Huge hit movies like Star Wars were extremely popular with all ages. People also loved to watch sports, and boy was there sports to watch! Baseball and football were really big in America in the 1970s. Magazines like “Tiger Beat” were also big in the 70s. It was a fans magazine for mostly girls, a lot like our teen magazines today.
Music was not just music in the 1970s, it was more like a life style! Everything was based around music. There was a lot of hostile tension between the government and the people. Music was literately one of the best ways that everyone found for them to get their minds off of everything and vent from all the chaos. The Beatles were perfect for that, until they broke up in the year of 1970. Other bands like The Jackson 5 and Queen, followed in their footsteps to where they were making happy up beat music to bring up the spirits of America. Bands like Aerosmith and Led Zeppelin were great bands also, they brought a new crazy style of rock, that excited a lot of people. Most of the music in the 70s were trend starters, and a lot of people back then just wanted to be different, so a lot of their trends were picked up and loved. Just being able to zone out and just focus on the tunes and the lyrics of all the songs kept everyone both sane, and also insane, depending on what they were listening to.
Sports were getting really exciting in the 1970s. Records were being broken and were also being set. In 1974 Henry Louis, hit his 715th home run, breaking Babe Ruth's once untouchable record, that stood for thirty-nine long years. Also in 1976 the Pittsburg Steelers were the first NFL team to win four super bowls. In fact, nine players from the Pittsburgh franchise that won four Super Bowls in the 1970s are in the Hall of Fame: Greene, Swann, Bradshaw, Harris, Lambert, receiver John Stallworth, center Mike Webster, linebacker Jack Ham and cornerback Mel Blount.
Science is everywhere, especially in the 1970’s. During this decade people were inventing all sorts of cool and interesting things. For example in 1971 the Microprocessor was introduced, which was the foundation to all computers. Also in that same year the first cell phone battery introduced. In 1972 the first video game was created by Nolan Bushnell. That game was called pong! By 1973 the first portable cell phone was finalized and made in new York city. Things got a bit skinnier in 1947, because a gynecologist from Rome by the name of Giorgio fisher invented liposuction. The worlds largest telescope of 600 cm began working in USSR in 1976, and by the end of 1976 into 1977 Apple’s first computer was created by Steve Wozniak. 1977 was a fun year, because a man named Scott Olson invented shoes with wheels on them and called them roller blades. Finally during 1978 the ultrasound was used for the first time. The 70’s was a lot more then just drugs, music and protests, there was a lot of brilliant minds who invented some outstanding things.
Art in the 1970s was all about going green, and loving the earth. So many artists came up with Earth art, which is “a movement that combined environmental and minimalist ideas on a large scale.” Some of the artists who would create this art were Michael Heizer, Walter de Maria, Robert Smithson, James Turrel, Alice Aycock, Claes Oldenburg, and Richard Serra. This art was used in many ways. Mostly to open the eyes of the world to how we are destroying the earth, and how we need to take care of it to keep it beautiful. There were also artists who created art to express all the women's rights movements. For example, “Lynda Benglis, Jackie Winsor, and Judy Chicago, who created the feminist art exhibition, The Dinner Party.”
There were tons of amazing books published in the 1970s, like for example, “Princess Bride,” by William Goldman, and “Bridge to Terabithia,” by Kathedne Paterson. These books were adventurous, romantic and just all around exciting. However not all the books published in the 1970s were fun exciting books. There were also books who’s main purpose was to create movements and to open the eyes of America to all of its flaws. For example “Roban Morgan, ed., “Sisterhood Is Powerful”: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement.” Also “Hazel Henderson, “Creating Alternative Futures” The End of Economics.” That book talked about what the thought America could look like in the future. Last but not least, Wendell Berry, “The Unsettling of America,” which talked about all of the not so great parts of the American culture and agriculture. (Mark satin)
There was a lot going on in the 1970s. Whether or not it was a good thing or not is another story. Starting from the beginning the Apollo 13 mission failed in 1970. the voting age was lowered to 18 instead of 21 in the USA in 1971 for obvious reasons. Also China joined the US in this year. E-mail was invented by US computer engineer, Ray Tomlison in 1972. Opec doubled the price of gas in 1973 which led to the major gas crises we had in this decade. This was also the same time that the Vietnam war ended. More sad historical events like on this day, 4/3/74 day, 148 tornadoes devastated 13 US states killing 330 and injuring 5000. In 1974 president Nixon was caught with some illegal tapes he recorded in the oval office of some important meetings, and was impeached, which was called the Watergate scandal. One more devistateing moment in history was in 1977 an 8.2 earthquake in tangshan killed over 240,000. Also back in the states the king of rock died from an overdose on prescription meds.
Industries reached an all time low in the 1970s, due to all of the protesting about hourly pay rate. Lots of industries were suffering due to the two oil crises in 1973-1974 and in 1979. these oil crises, put America in a really bad place, where most of our big automobile industries were depending desperately on the oil market and the preference of who was the best, based on the people. The Scottish found a bunch of oil in their waters, so they pretty much had power over us in that sense. “The U.S. steel industry was losing its market share to European and Japanese manufacturers.” The aviation manufacturer Lockheed Aircraft Corporation was forced to “bailout,” the federal government was forced to funded them to keep them from going bankrupt.
The 1970s were full of wars and conflicts between the people and the government about said wars. By the end of the 1960’s America was sick and tired of the Vietnam war. As the president of the United States, Nixon wanted to continue at war. After a long and painful war, the congress and the public protested and tried to cut off financial and military support. When the election of 1972 came around, Nixon had to make a decision on jeopardizing his reelection, and losing the south Vietnam to the communists. Then came the cold war, which was pretty much just America and Russia threatening each other with their nukes. One problem during this time was that there was a very high demand for soldiers, only by 1970 just about everyone in America was sick and tired of all the wars and all the death and sorrow it came with.
In the 1970’s
Now in 2013