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EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES OF TRANSPORT SECTOR RSPONSES TO HIV/AIDS IN ZAMBIA - THE PRIVATE SECTOR - NDAZ By Aaron Samiyengo National HIV/AIDS Projects Coordinator NATIONAL DRIVERS ASSOCIATION OF ZAMBIA (NDAZ)
Diagram 2: Revised Operational Structure with Expanded View of the Consultative Groups Secretariat Level I Theme Groups Key roles: monitoring of national response & task identification Programme Advisory Group Prevention Treatment, Care & Support Impact mitigation Mainstreaming & decentralization Monitoring & Evaluation Coordination & Advocacy Level 2 Sub-Committees Key roles: task completion & information exchange Participation according to meeting theme Theme Meetings Level 3 Self-Coordinating Groups Key roles: strengthening of the multi-sectoral response; strengthening of coordination, consultation, representation/ participation, networking & advocacy; formation of partnerships & capacity development. Cooperating Partners Private Sector Civil Society Sector Public Sector Youth ZWAP/ZBCA (Represent PS in Theme meetings) Funders ZANARA, GFATM, SHARe PLHA INGOs Membership includes: GDA, PPA, DAZ, ZNFU, ZBCA, ZWAP, ZCSMBA, ZACCI Disabled HBF LBF Line Ministries Statutory bodies Religious Orgs Gender Feedback Representation Revised Operational Framework
National Drivers Association of Zambia HIV/AIDS activities in the Transport Sector- Which way?2003-2007 NTRODUCTION • NDAZ was established in 1979 with the aim of promoting and safe guarding the interests of Drivers, mechanics and other transport sector workers. • MEMBERSHIP - NDAZ has a membership of 7,000 drivers drawn from both the government and private institutions such as; • Truckers, Long distance drivers, Minibuses • Taxis, Government
NDAZ COORDINATION AND PARTNERSHIP TO THE HIV/AIDS RESPONSE • NDAZ has partnered with NAC for national HIV/AIDS policy guidance through private sector unit • NDAZ is in the HIV/AIDS steering committee at ministry of transport for HIV/AIDS support programmes in the transport sector • NDAZ is member with ZBCA for Global fund support programmes through ZNAN for (on-site sensitizations and VCT) • Ministry of Health for treatment support (STIs/TB etc) • VCT service providers (for o-site and mobile services)
NDAZ COORDINATION AND PARTNERSHIP TO THE HIV/AIDS RESPONSE • Transport companies (truckers, long distance buses, minibuses, taxis) for HIV/AIDS activities • Local authorities for bus stations usage (HIV/AIDS sensitizations • CRAIDS/ZANARA for training of peer educators/IGA support programmes • Other stakeholders for various support (IEC, condoms, etc)
HIV/AIDS IMPACTS Between 1984 to 2003 the Association experienced the following impacts among its members: • Funeral costs • Medical Expenses • Increased Absenteeism • Increasing demand of training and recruitment • Loss of skilled man power • Frequent road traffic accidents
HOW NDAZ ACHIEVED ITS RESULTS • In 2003, the association took advantage of the World bank coming on board through the ministry of communication and transport to support the HIV/AIDS initiative in the transport sector. • By establishing HIV/AIDS unit to coordinate programmes – 2003 • Mobilized NDAZ little resources for logistics and preparations of the interventions for the drivers. • Submitted good project proposals to ZNAN/ZBCA for GLOBAL Funds to train 12 HIV/AIDS policy developers among the transport companies 2004 • Trained 5-Trainers in HIV/AIDS with World Bank support through ministry of transport 2004 to assist in training of the 120 peer educators
HOW NDAZ ACHIEVED ITS RESULTS • Applied and acquired funding from ZANARA/CRAIDS for training of 120 peer educators, 40 trainers, sensitizations and IGA-tailoring (10 sewing machines) to support drivers orphans and widows 2004 • Introduced on-site HIV/AIDS sensitization and VCT services with local service providers for the busy sites (bus stations, T/companies) • Conduced 136 on-site HIV/AIDS sessions and 34 VCT among the road transport workers at workplaces • Has been able to reach out to 3 provinces where the prevalence rate is high with the support of Global Funding through ZNAN/ZBCA • Introduced 30-45minutes sensitizations before workers commence work and at lunch times in the busy transport companies
CHALLENGES • After training the 5 HIV/AIDS trainers, the ministry of transport could not further support he training of peer educators. The association had to submit a project proposal to CRAIDS and $56,000 was approved in which 120 peer educators were trained and other programmes carried out for he Lusaka province • The 120 peer educators trained some come from the bus stations and they needed financial support to conduct on-site sensitizations. Through ZNAN/ZBCA Global funding programmes, NDAZ had accessed on the average $6000-10,000 every after two quarter period to reach out to more than 4000 workers.
CHALLENGES • It has been difficult to access funding from ZANARA through he ministry of transport. Up to now discussions are going on to identify appropriate ways of supporting the transport private sector through ZANARA Funding • Due to lack of resources, the association has not yet opened up the mobile wellness center along the main transport corridor despite the ministry of transport procuring a container for NDAZ under the World Bank RoadSIP II project. • The funding from Zambia AIDS Network (ZNAN/ZBCA) for the private sector is insufficient and takes long to come forth.
WAYFORWARD • There is need for the transport private sector to lobby from the world bank for more direct funding to the individual association implementing the workplace HIV/AIDS activities where 64% of labour force is found. • The world bank has to take advantage of the establishment of the business forum at NAC to support the funding to the private sector. • The World Bank must intervene in the support funding of the private sector by deliberately establishing new funding procedures through the principle recipients such as Zambia National AIDS Network (ZNAN), ZANARA/CRAIDS etc
WAYFORWARD • The funding criteria in the private sector needs to be revisited to cater for other social supportive mechanism such as capacity building for orphans and widows through empowerment and skills • The World Bank needs to support funding the establishment of institutional M & E for effective statistical data collection • They is need to support transport facilities to the private sector in order to cover the long distant areas in the provinces and districts. • The is great need to seriously address the bureaucratic surrounding the funding mechanism into MAP to reach out to the high risky mobile workforce in the private transport sector in Zambia. (end)