prof yoshitsugu hayashi nagoya university japan l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 59

Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 171 Views
  • Uploaded on

Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan. Partnership of Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia (PSUTA). - Japanese Experiences -. Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies. [CUTE Policy Matrix]. 0. 50 km. Tokyo. Nagoya.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan' - Roberta


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
prof yoshitsugu hayashi nagoya university japan
Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan

Partnership of Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia

(PSUTA)

- Japanese Experiences -

©Y.Hayashi

slide2
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies

[CUTE Policy Matrix]

©Y.Hayashi

slide3

0

50km

Tokyo

Nagoya

1910

1965

1985

London

Bangkok

©Y.Hayashi

slide4

Population Distribution (1988)

Tokyo

max. 1 5 , 4 0 0

人/km2

Nagoya

max. 1 7 , 1 0 0

2 0 , 0 0 0

km

5 0

0

London

max. 1 1 , 5 0 0

Bangkok

max. 4 2 , 2 0 0

©Y.Hayashi

slide7

Population Landscape (1995)

1,000 persons./ha

Rail-Interchanges

CBD

Total: 2.17mil.

CBD: 73thou.

Rail Interchanges: 302thou.

©Y.Hayashi

slide8

Re-concentration in

CBD + Rail-Interchanges

(Type 2 in 2020)

1,000 person./ha

Rail-Interchanges

CBD

Total: 2.17mil.

CBD+Rail Interchanges:

302thou.  453thou.(×1.5)

©Y.Hayashi

slide9

Daily Traffic volume (2016-2020)

交通量(トレンド):2016_2020

150,000

-

1,090,000

100,000

-

150,000

50,000

-

100,000

10,000

-

50,000

0

-

10,000

20

40 km

0

0

20

40

B.A.U.(Type 0)

No. of total trips: 286 mil.

Total trip length: 359 mil veh*km

キロメーター

©Y.Hayashi

slide10

Daily Traffic volume (2016-2020)

交通量(結節点立地):2016_2020

150,000

-

100,000

-

150,000

50,000

-

100,000

10,000

-

50,000

0

-

10,000

0

20

40

CBD+Rail Interchanges (Type 2)

No. of total trips:184mil. (-36%)

Total trip length: 228mil. * km (-37%)

キロメーター

©Y.Hayashi

slide11

NOx Emission from Car Driving (2016~20)

Concentration to Centre (Type 1)

BAU (Type 0)

0

4.5

9

0

4.5

9

km

km

80,060 [t/5yr]

Total: 129,943 [t/5yr]

Reduction : 38.4%

©Y.Hayashi

transition of public concerns and solutions regarding environmental problems case of japan
Transition of public concerns and solutions regarding environmental problems - Case of Japan -

©Y.Hayashi

slide13

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies-CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

slide14

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

slide15

Subsidization system

  • From 2001

Subsidy for

LRT Maintenance

  • the rate of subsidy
  • national government 1/4,
  • local government: 1/4

Introduction of vehicles, PA amount multiplied by the difference in the standard vehicle price by a half, plus usual subsidy

Subsidy for

LRV Purchase

  • An amount of working expenses assistance on constructions which are carried out by a public entrepreneur or the third sector

Subsidy for

New town line

  • the rate of subsidy from national government is 15%

©Y.Hayashi

slide16

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies-CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

slide17

Electronic Toll Collection System

Characteristics

  • A universally recognized system which can be used anywhere within Japan
  • Communication frequency band is a 5.8GHz active system accepted as an international standard
  • Adoption of 2 piece system corresponding to various utilizations
  • Protection of security and privacy

IC Card

Merits

  • Relief of tollgate traffic congestion
  • Improvement to customer convenience, e.g nonstop, a cashless payment
  • Improvements of place-along-the-route environment

©Y.Hayashi

slide18

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

parking place certification system
Parking place certification system
  • A duty to take a garage certification according to the law, storage place method
  • Requirements for an owner to register a car

Police station of address jurisdiction and

transportation branch office

procedures

Filling out automobile

storage place

use consent certificate

Filling out

automobile storage

place proof application

Getting

papers

creation of a

garage drawing

application

delivery

©Y.Hayashi

slide20

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

public transportation priority systems
Public Transportation Priority Systems

The support system for public vehicles passing preferentially

Bus priority

control

Sensing bus

approaching

PTPS

Source: Universal Traffic Management Society of Japan

  • Improvement of user convenience / Utilization and promotion of extensive public transportation
  • Securing the punctuality of bus operations/ Shortening bus signal stop time
  • Securing bus safety/ Reduction of illegal traffic on bus ways

©Y.Hayashi

slide22

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

intelligent transport systems
Intelligent Transport Systems

ITS

Advanced Information Network and database

ARIAKE Bridge (Niigata Province) Extension Project ーGrasping congestion by Probe Car

Average Traveling

speed (km/h)

8

Improving safety

Increasing and Improving traffic efficiency /Improving comfort and convenience. Contributing to the preservation of the environment

Creating new business ventures

10

Before

12

15

After

20

30

Standard Traveling Speed

29km/h

1.7km

©Y.Hayashi

60

Source: Road Bureau. Ministry of Land Infrastracture and Transport

slide24

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

emission regulations automotive no x and pm law
Emission regulations–Automotive NOX and PM law–
  • Regulated Materials:NOX、PM
  • Details: Regulation for registering vehicles not adapting the emission standard within specified areas
  • Control subject:Trucks, Buses, Diesel vehicles
  • Beginning of regulation:1st of October, 2002
  • Control measure:Vehicle inspection (No vehicles which do not fulfill the emission standard are not to be allowed to take ongoing inspections)
  • Penalty:A fine for non-inspected vehicles

(Source: Ministry of the Environment)

©Y.Hayashi

slide26

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

traffic information provision upgraded car navigation system
Traffic Information Provision– Upgraded car-navigation system -

VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System)

  • Drivers can obtain road and traffic information in real time, including information on traffic congestion and restrictions.
  • Drivers are able to see information on a display inside the vehicle in regard to driving time and congestion on each route to the destination.
  • VICS information is provided free of charge to anyone who has VICS compatible on-board equipment.

Highway administrators

Prefectural Polices

Japan Road Traffic Information Center

VICS Center

Traffic Information Provision

©Y.Hayashi

slide28

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

slide29

Idling stop regulation

・・・

Environmental

impact

Idling mode, the engine is operating, but the vehicle is not moving

Idling stop

  • Regulations toward environmental preservation and the creation of stopping motor idle when the vehicle is stopped
  • The National Environment Agency advocated this in 1996 and started working with local governments and companies, etc

©Y.Hayashi

slide30

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

vehicle taxes
Vehicle taxes

〔Various vehicle taxes in Japanese taxation system〕

©Y.Hayashi

slide32

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

a differential tolling method environmental road pricing
A differential tolling method - Environmental Road Pricing -

(Metropolitan Expressway, Hanshin Expressway)

(Source: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport)

  • Encourage the use of roads which avoid residential areas and improve the environment of residential areas
  • Under the method, the tolls for roads located in coastal areas are set lower than those for roads running through residential areas
  • Environmental impacts are to be reduced by diverting large diesel vehicles for roads located in coastal areas

©Y.Hayashi

slide34

Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies -CUTE Policy matrix

National level

©Y.Hayashi

slide35

Greening of Vehicle Taxes -IncentiveMeasures For Low-Emission Vehicles-

Japan's automobile industry has urged the Japanese government to extend and expand tax incentives to promote the more widespread use of fuel-efficient and low-emission vehicles.

Includes electric (including fuel-cell), CNG, and methanol vehicles

©Y.Hayashi

slide36
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

slide37
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

community roads
Community Roads
  • Abeno-ku, Osaka
  • Aim toward a concept where children can play along roads in their residential areas
  • Lower the speed of cars by setting speed humps
  • Design cross-roads for making drivers aware of speed reductions well ahead of time
  • Kita-ku, Tokyo
  • Alleviate noise pollution around the roads
  • Road structure where cars can not run linearly, thus drivers are conscious of visual disturbance
  • Provide pedestrians with amenity spaces

©Y.Hayashi

sharing system of electronic cars toyota city
Sharing system of electronic cars - Toyota city -
  • Collaboratively use electronic powered cars with those making similar journeys to similar destinations at approximately the same time
  • Reduce congestion by lowering the number of vehicles on the roads
  • Alleviate pollution levels by the use of electronic powered cars that provide zero emissions and quiet running at the point of use

©Y.Hayashi

slide40
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

rail transit infrastructure
Rail Transit Infrastructure

AGT ( Automated Guide-way Transit ) :

- Elevated guide-way systems with rubber-tired trains

- Fully automated transit systems, controlled entirely by computers with no drivers on board

Yurikamome, Tokyo

ASTRAMLINE, Hiroshima

©Y.Hayashi

rail transit infrastructure monorail
Rail Transit Infrastructure - Monorail -

- Operated on rubber tires and thus are very quiet

- Its design is based on either suspended or straddle-beam type transit systems

- Non-polluting, as it is eclectically powered

- Surface traffic accidents are impossible as monorails are elevated

- Compared to AGT they can react to sharp curves and steep slopes

Tama Intercity Monorail, Tokyo

Osaka Monorail Train, Osaka

©Y.Hayashi

bus infrastructure nagoya guideway bus
Bus Infrastructure - Nagoya Guideway Bus -
  • The Guide-way Bus in Nagoya was opened in 2001
  • A dual mode system where the bus runs on an exclusive elevated guideway where there is heavy traffic, as well as normal roads where there is limited traffic
  • Two-dimension services the standard bus system, and punctuality and high speed are provided with an elevated guideway

©Y.Hayashi

new public transport vehicles
New Public Transport Vehicles

LRV ( Light Rail Vehicle ) :

- Modernization of vehicle (introduction of low-floor tram)

- Upgraded vehicles with acceleration ability and amenity to run on exclusive railways

- Based on the concept of “Universal Design”

MOMO, Okayama

Green Mover, Hiroshima

©Y.Hayashi

slide45
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

bus priorities service improvements nagoya key route buses
Bus priorities service improvements - Nagoya Key-Route Buses -
  • Solve problems of buses on regular routes, for example, the deterioration of punctuality and lower speeds due to traffic congestion
  • Run on exclusive bus lanes
  • Distances between bus stops are subway-level

©Y.Hayashi

slide47
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

emission regulations diesel emission control regulation
Emission Regulations –Diesel emission control regulation–

Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa

  • Regulated materials:Particulate Matter
  • Details:Vehicles not fulfilling the emission standard determined by the Ordinance are to be banned from traveling in the Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba and Kanagawa.
  • Control subject:In-use diesel vehicle except passenger cars (trucks, buses and special purpose motor vehicles)
  • Penalty: Owners of non-complying vehicles may receive injunction on operating the vehicle.
  • : If the injunction is not obeyed, the vehicle owner’s name is made public and a fine is imposed.

Overall situation of injunction for non-complying vehicles

©Y.Hayashi

(Source: Tokyo Metropolitan Government)

slide49
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

awareness campaigns
Awareness Campaigns

No-my car day campaign - Matsumoto city -

- Encourage the city’s commuters to ride bicycles, buses or trains or to walk instead of driving their own vehicles

- By enhancing the use of public transportation, traffic congestion is alleviated and environmental load is lowered

- Enhance citizens’ awareness regarding environmental issues

©Y.Hayashi

slide51
Classification of policy instruments and their contribution to transport and environmental strategies - CUTE Policy Matrix -

〔CUTE Policy Matrix for Urban areas〕

©Y.Hayashi

real time public transport information
Real time public transport information

Bus Location System :

- Current position of buses is measured and positional information is available at bus stops and terminals that employ the bus location system

- Bus users can check the arrival time of buses at a specific bus stop even without going to the bus stop

- Bus information is made available through cell phones and the Internet

General Information System

Display of arrival time

Browsing bus information on PC

©Y.Hayashi

slide53

Mobility

Hayashi - Kato Chart

Tech . Improvement

in fuel consumption

US

Tokkyo/Osaka

BAU

EST1

Japanese local cities

Realistic Target

×

Congestion

Implementation of TDM

“Edge city”

Limit of growth

EST3

Car use

EST2

Public transport use

Emission goal

Environmental burden

Car demand

Necessary Reduction in env. burden

©Y.Hayashi

slide54

Mobility

Hayashi - Kato Chart

Tech . Improvement

in fuel consumption

Improvement in public transport for EST3

(keeping mobility)

BAU

EST1

Japanese local cities

Implementing TDM

EST2

EST3

Emission goal

Necessary reduction in car demand for EST3

(wo mobility deterioration)

Environmental burden

Car demand

Necessary Reduction in env. burden

©Y.Hayashi

slide55

Critical Issues in Developing Countries

  • Quality of Fuel - Sulfur, Lead, etc.
  • Quality of Engine
  • - Inspection, Import of low quality cars/engines
  • Lack of road infrastructure
  • - Financing schemes, Implementation ability
  • Low profile of rail transit systems
  • - regarded as means for low income people
  • Rapid suburbanisation - affordability gap
  • in inner-city: higher in cars vs. low in housings
  • Lack of holistic institutions to manage
  • land use - transport

©Y.Hayashi

key visions for strategies
Key Visions for Strategies
  • Bird-view Conception of Travel/Logistics
  • Goal Oriented Approach
  • Integration

(with land use, between modes, etc.)

  • Political Issue
  • Public Awareness

(incl. market penetration)

  • Brave Implementation

©Y.Hayashi

cute case study metropolises
CUTE Case Study Metropolises
  • Full Scale: 4 cities
  • Rough Scale:17 cities

Lyon

●Berlin

●Dalian

Rome ●

●Istanbul

Katmandu ●

●Nagoya

●Los Angeles

●Cairo

Hanoi●

●Mexico City

Bangkok ●

●Manila

Bogota ●

Curitiba ●

Santiago ●

©Y.Hayashi

slide58

City Profile Form

  • One sheet for a city
  • Main features
  • For comparing the cities

Population density and the distribution

Population

Public Transport

Road Transport

Car Ownership

Passenger Modal Shares

CO2 Emission

Air Pollution

©Y.Hayashi

slide59

Urban Transport and The Environment- An International Perspective -

<Japanese>

<English>

©Y.Hayashi