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Grand Challenges @UM

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  1. Grand Challenges @UM

  2. Outline • Aim, Characteristics & Examples of Grand Challenges • Why Grand Challenges? • UM Grand Challenges • Implementation • Q & A

  3. Aim of Grand Challenges To create ambitious but achievable goals that harness technology to solve important societal, health…. problems.

  4. A Health Grand Challenge example …. Grand Challenges Canada/Grand Défis Canada, “The Grand Challenges Approach”, January 2011 “A grand challenge is one or more specific critical barrier(s) that, if removed, would help solve an important health problem in the developing world with a high likelihood of global impact through widespread implementation”

  5. Characteristics of a Grand Challenge • over the entire spectrum of knowledgefrom arts and humanities to science and technology • different perspectives • - preferably integrated into a holistic approach • Global, regional or local issue • Multi-, cross-, and trans- disciplinary approach in solution • Expected to remain relevant for a relatively long period • Purpose-driven research, while encouraging collaborative efforts

  6. Grand Challenges Can: • Help create the industries and jobs of the future; • Expand the frontiers of human knowledge about ourselves and the world around us; • Help tackle important problems related to energy, health, education, the environment, national security, and global development; and • Serve as a “North Star” for collaboration between the public and private sectors. http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/grand-challenges

  7. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation http://www.grandchallenges.org/GCGHDocs/Newsletter/2013-10/GC_Newsletter.html Grand Challenges in Global Health (2003):lead to breakthrough advances for developing world Grand Challenges Explorations(2007): agile, accelerated grant initiative with a short, two-page application and no preliminary data Grand Challenges Canada(2010):support bold ideas with big impact in global health Grand Challenges for Development(2011):define problems, identify constraints, and provide evidence-based analysis for development issues Grand Challenges Brazil(2012): to catalyze innovative health research within Brazil Grand Challenges India(2013):to catalyzing innovative health and development research within India. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Govt of Canada USAID + Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Bill & Melinda Gates + Ministry of Health of Brazil + its National Council on Research (CNPq) Bill & Melinda Gates + Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in India + its Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)

  8. Types of Grand Challenge Research • General scope - Development issues, health • Discipline specific • Wide in scope NGO, Governments Learned societies Universities

  9. Why Grand Challenges?

  10. Measuring impact beyond academia “an effect on, change, benefit to the economy, society, culture, public policy or services, health, the environment or quality of life beyond academia”

  11. Research Impact

  12. Problem of isolated disciplinary thinking http://resfacil.msu.edu/sites/default/files/NSF%20-%20Addressing%2021st%20Century%20Grand%20Challenges.pdf

  13. Competencies of University of Malaya (2008-2012) Year 2009 Year 2008 Year 2012 Year 2010 Year 2011

  14. Not this type of multidisciplinary research !!!

  15. UM Grand Challenges

  16. What other Universities across the globe are doing As Grand Challenges • Energy • Transferring human societies • Race & ethnics • Question about humans, identity & expression • Infection disease • Ageing • Healthy communities • Biomedical science • Personalized health • Malaria (Dengue) • Neuroscience • Human well-being • Lifestyle … • Sports, exercise, rehabilitation • Sustainability • Food security • Sustainable … • Sustained agriculture • Environment • Climate change • Digital media • Computer Science & Digital system • Digitization • Digital humanity • Big data • IT in Science and Society • Intelligent content and communication System engineering Nanotech • Materials of future • Electronic & photonic materials • Materials science • Functional material • Low carbon vehicle • Integrated transport and logistic Rehabilitation of structure

  17. The 12 National Key Economic Area (NKEAs) • - Oil, Gas and Energy - Palm Oil & Rubber - Financial Services • Tourism - Business Services - Electrical and Electronics • Wholesale and Retail - Education - Healthcare • - Communications Content & Infrastructure - Agriculture • - Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley

  18. Five Grand Challenges for UM

  19. GC1- Active Ageing • Call for research proposals to promote the concept of active ageing at both individual and population level. Allowing people to realize their potential for physical, social, and mental well being throughout their life course and to participate in society according to their needs, desires and capacities. • Proposals should also have a likelihood of global impact through its widespread implementation and focused on the following areas of interest; • Independent living • Inclusive technology • Psychosocial empowerment • Community reorientation, and • Protecting the rights of the vulnerable

  20. A Model Proposal

  21. GC2-World without Conflict • This grand challenge calls for proposals for projects that aim to address conflicts that arise from: -tensions between nations, ideologies, faiths and cultures; - suffering that comes from illnesses and diseases in spite of proven prevention and cures; -diminishing quality of life despite technological, medical and other progress • Projects can be framed as responses to conflict or problem resolution or reduction in the following areas: social cohesion, enhanced quality of life, education and equitable development • Themes: 1. Indigenous communities 2. Emerging socio-political trends 3. Emotional Well-being and Livability Studies 4. Equitable access to education 5. Inter-faith dialogue/Intercultural Studies

  22. GC3-Eco-Resilient Cities • 2. Quality Affordable Housing • Standard Planning Guidelines • Financing System • Design Innovation • 3. Food Security • Urban Agriculture/Aquaculture • Vertical Farming • Food security • Food Quality / Nutrition Research of Sustainable Science Cluster focuses on current and future challenges of Greater Kuala Lumpur in facing rapid urbanization, degradation of environmental quality, limited resources, community integration and infrastructure development. Proposals are invited to model Kuala Lumpur as Eco-Resilient City in five broad areas: • 4. Assessment Tools for Eco-Resilient Cities • Eco-Resilience Index • Incentives & Awards • 5. UM Eco-Resilient Campus • As a showcase of Eco-Resilient concept proposals are invited for immediate research that may lead to actual projects implementation within UM campus. • Transport – Mobility & Pedestrian • Energy Efficient • Environmental Issues • Eco-Resilient Home • 1. Transportation • Public Road Safety • Human Behaviour • Aviation Industry : Environmental Impact • Vehicle lifespan

  23. GC4: Sustainable Resources & Technology • Scope • Research under this Grand Challenge will be directed towards the development and application of sustainable resources and technology, with the broader aim of mitigatingenvironmental degradation and climate change • Resources here mean biological and physical resources, and energy Tentative Topics • This is a vast challenge that can not be addressed fully by a single organization or even a single country • Based on expertise of UM researchers, topics of recent UM research projects/programmes, existence of a critical mass at UM, NKEA, the following research themes are tentatively selected: • Energy: This is a wide open area, arrangement are being made for relevant researchers to discuss and agree on a major theme (which is the case for other topics as well) • Products from bio-resources: fuels, specialty chemicals, ecosystem related issues • Energy and resource efficient technology: energy harvesting and storage, efficiency, green electronics etc. • Clean manufacturing/production: to reduce environmental impact The projects will harness ICT as a crucial enabler and will integrate science/technology with social sciences

  24. GC5-Pushing Economic Borders The ETP was formulated by the Government to propel Malaysia towards becoming a high-income nation by 2020. Wide-ranging researchprogrammes covering different NKEAs (see diagram below) need to be undertaken in areas such as innovative product and process development, human resource/skill development, business development, creation of high income jobs and improvement of national competitiveness. Trans-disciplinary efforts, involving science, technology, social sciences and humanities disciplines, are required to solve key issues under this Grand Challenge. You are welcomed to join existing proposals listed below or develop new ones: LABOUR MIGRATION ACROSS BORDERS / HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT FOR A HIGH-INCOME NATION / WEALTH CREATION THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP / INCOME-ENHANCING PLATFORM TECHNOLOGY

  25. Application flow chart for Grand Challenges Programme Call for Proposal for Grand Challenges (GC) Send related documents to PPGP for account opening (SAGA & RGMS) Submission of Concept paper to the GC secretariat PPGP will create SAGA & RGMS account for each programme and sub programme 1st evaluation meeting involving the Panel, DVP(R), and Cluster Dean PPGP will notify the PI regarding activation of their account ( cc. to Cluster and respective RMU) Fail 1st approval Notify the PI in writing Approve Invitation to submit full proposal Proposal Presentation Recommended by Panel Notify the PI in writing Fail Submission of corrected full proposal Approval from DVC (R&E) Send all related documents to RMU Notify the successful PI in writing RMU must reply the received of the documents Open file for programme and sub-programme DVC (R&E) PPGP Cluster Faculty Research Management Unit (RMU)

  26. Grand Challenge Research Programme • The Research University Funding on Grand Challenge will be awarded as research programmes. • Proposals must demonstrate inter/multi/trans-disciplinary nature of the research and significant contribution to society (translation phase) • Trans-disciplinary research is defined as research that involves scientists from multiple disciplines working interactively on a common problem to develop novel cross-disciplinary methods, insights and research approaches that would not have occurred with a traditional uni-disciplinary investigation. • Project duration not less than 36 months but not more than 60 months.

  27. Grand Challenge Research Programme • A Grand Challenge research programme is headed by a Programme Leader (PL), and comprises at least 3 sub-programmes (SP) each of which is, in turn, led by different principal investigators (PI). • Programme leader must be an academic staff and faculty member with excellent track record • ProgrammeLeader is responsible for monitoring the progress of the programme including all sub-programmes registered under the programme. • Programme Leader is responsible to ensure the achievement of proposed expected output • Sub-programme Leader is responsible for monitoring the research account under his/her supervision and reports its progress to his/her Programme Leader.

  28. Grand Challenge Research Programme • Maximum amount of funding: will be announced • Collaborations with other local or international entities are encouraged • Must involve external stakeholder as the proposed programme must demonstrate a significant impact to the society

  29. General concepts • Big idea translated into some focused area of research • Think big, think long term • Global significance • National priorities • Our expertise • Scientific excellence • Real multi-disciplinary • Real impact • Must engage relevant stakeholders in a real sense

  30. Backup slides

  31. Grand Challenges addressed by Research Universities around the globe

  32. University College London (UCL) • Mechanisms through which expertise from across UCL and beyond can be brought together to address the world's key problems. • Support researchers to think about how their work relates to global issues.

  33. Climate and Energy Challenge • Development Challenge • Health Challenge

  34. Ageing Society Digital Media Human Security Integrated Transport and Logistics Low Carbon Vehicles Low Impact Buildings Sustainable Agriculture and Food

  35. Digital Economy Global Food Security Global Uncertainties – Security Living with Environmental Change Energy Programme Lifelong Health and Well Being in UK

  36. Top Ten Problems Facing Humanity Over the Next 50 Years • Energy • Water • Food • Environment • Poverty • Terrorism & War • Disease • Education • Democracy • Population

  37. Understanding our place and purpose • Fostering health and wellbeing • Supporting sustainability and resilience

  38. Energy: a strategic initiative "Addressing the energy challenge is an area of intense activity across the University, with over 250 academics involved and a funding portfolio of over £100 million” Digital humanities: a strategic network "The great strengths and distinctive contribution of digital humanities at Cambridge derive from the wealth of ideas that inform and underpin research“ Global food security: a strategic initiative "We must be sustainable, socially equitable and ecologically successful – the so-called ‘doubly-green revolution’ Stem cells: a strategic initiative "Our research programmes explore how stem cells build and maintain the body and how they may be used to create new medical treatments“

  39. Our research aims to create knowledge generally andprovide solutions to a broad spectrumof societal and economic issues, including energy, environment, healthcare and security. • We address these challenges on three broad levels, which are interdependent (core disciplines, multidisciplinary research, global challenges). Many of our academics are engaged with all three and we will maintain this approach for the foreseeable future. http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/collegestrategy/research

  40. Even a postgraduate course on Grand Challenges since Semester 2, 2013 Engineering Grand Challenges (ENGG7701) Information valid for Semester 2, 2014 Course Code: ENGG7701 Course Title: Engineering Grand Challenges Coordinating Unit: School of Mechanical and Mining EngineeringSemester: Semester 2, 2013 Mode: InternalLevel: Postgraduate Coursework Location: St LuciaNumber of Units: 2 Contact Hours Per Week: 2L2T Pre-Requisites: BE/ME placement Course Description: This course will focus on exploring the implications of being a professional engineer in the 21st century through actively engaging with the technical, socio-economic and political stakeholders to the National Academy of Engineering Grand Challenges.Students will elect to focus on one of the 14 grand challenges both individually and as part of a small multidisciplinary team in an enquiry based approach requiring an in-depth framing of the problem and the identification of innovative opportunities and the necessary conditions for developing a sustainable solution that is scalable and can be applied at a global level. The students will act as consultants and advisors to the newly formed UQ Engineering Global Innovations Centre* and be required to demonstrate their leadership skills in developing a network of collaborators from the relevant disciplines within the UQ research community, as well as industry and the community. Key lectures will provide the students with supporting technical/social/political/cultural/economic issues around the challenges, developing networks within communities, leadership, planning and persuasive communication. In addition, each student will be required to produce a video of their proposal, demonstrating their understanding of the issues in a persuasive argument to the relevant stakeholders. * A fictitious organisation

  41. President Kennedy's words during his famous Rice University speech: “We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.”

  42. UM GRAND CHALLENGES

  43. GRAND CHALLENGE THEMES

  44. WHY GRAND CHALLENGE? • Big ideas are translated into focused areas of research - think big, think long term • Focus on research that have global significance, national priorities • Give priority to research with real impact to society • Engage relevant stakeholders in the real sense • Fully utilize our expertise • Execute multi/inter/trans-disciplinary research

  45. Flow Chart for Grand Challenge Meeting / discussion among partners/ stakeholders and proposal preparation Grand Challenge announced Proposal submission Identify and engage with external stakeholders Proposal evaluation and award Come up with two-pages concept paper Periodic report and monitoring Evaluation Proposal submission Research future planning