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Agenda. Write down homework: Cornell notes on Section 2 Use ONLY your notes on Section 1 to complete the Notes Check Tour of Greece power point. A Short Tour of Greece. Welcome! Before we start our tour. What do you know about Greece?. Why do we study Greece?.

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  • Write down homework:
    • Cornell notes on Section 2
  • Use ONLY your notes on Section 1 to complete the Notes Check
  • Tour of Greece power point
welcome before we start our tour

Welcome! Before we start our tour...

What do you know about Greece?

why do we study greece
Why do we study Greece?
  • The ancient Greeks created ideas about government, philosophy, science, and the arts that are still influential today.
  • Democracyin Athens was an important modelfor U.S. democracy
  • The Olympicsbegan in ancient Greece and are still a major international sporting event.
why do we study greece5
Why do we study Greece?
  • Philosophicalworks are still relevant to modern thought and society
  • Inspired architecture- courthouses and banks traditionally relied on Greek styles
  • Literary works - epic poems of Homer
where is greece
Where is Greece?
  • 1,500 miles Southeast of the United Kingdom
  • Capital = Athens
  • Currently famous for beaches and access to the Mediterranean Sea!
guiding question

Guiding Question

What are 3 important environmental influences on Greek civilization?


Because it’s a peninsula…

Greece has an extensive coastline


As well as great harbors

What do these features suggest about Greece?

1 the sea
1. The Sea
  • Transportation
  • Trade
    • Trade between islands AND with other societies
    • Trade is important because islands lack natural resources (timber, precious metal, usable farm land)
  • Crucial for advancing Greek civilization

A land of many islands…

What’s good about that?

What’s bad about it?


What impact will the mountains have on:

Everyday life?

The economy?

The political system?

2 the land
2. The Land
  • Greek mainland is largely a peninsula
  • 2,000 islands
  • Very mountainous. Impact on:
    • Everyday life: Made travel and farming on land difficult
    • Economy:relied on trade
    • Politics: Instead of a single government, small independent communities developed


That’s about all that grows there!

3 the climate
3. The Climate
  • Moderate temperature supported outdoor life and social atmosphere
  • Inspired a communal environment
geography review questions
Geography Review Questions
  • Land: Why did most Greeks identify with their local community instead of Greece as a whole?
  • Sea: How did nearness to the sea help relieve Greek resource shortages?
  • Climate: How might a moderate climate foster a communal life?

Ancient Greece is divided into various time periods.

The ones that are relevant to our first unit are:


The MYCENAEAN Age (1600-1100 BCE)

During this period the Trojan War occurred. This is the subject of The Odyssey, which you will read in your English class.


The HOMERIC Age (800- 500 BCE)

During this period, Homer…

Whoops, not that one!

created his epics about the Trojan War.

675 BCE


The CLASSICAL Age (500-300 BCE)

This is the period we’ll focus on:

The height of Greek culture;

Of Athenian supremacy;

Of Pericles, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle


The HELLENISTIC Period (300’s BCE)

We’re not studying this, but this is when Alexander the Great did his conquer-the-world thing!