ILLEGAL MIGRATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  2. Italian coast guard rescues 200 Eritrean refugees November 23, 2009

  3. Van Flips and 28 Illegal Immigrants Jump Out

  4. The image of 27 desperate migrants hanging from a trawler net

  5. For two days, the men had been forced to hold on to an 18in walkway around the top of the net after their own dilapidated wooden dinghy had sunk off the Libyan coast. None could swim, they had virtually no food or water and when they were eventually rescued by the Italian navy after their perilous nine-day crossing, the men were within hours of death.In interviews for a forthcoming Panorama documentary, the five men, all aged 18 to 23 and from Ghana, Niger and Nigeria, tell how they left their families and their livelihoods behind in order to forge a new life in Europe. They paid $1,000 (£500) each to a gang of people traffickers and congregated at a meeting place on the Libyan coast. But instead of the large, metal ferry they had been expecting, they were led down the beach to a small wooden dinghy and told to get in.On the seventh day of their crossing, the men spotted a Maltese commercial fishing trawler, but the captain refused to take them on board, fearing a change in course could jeopardise his lucrative catch.Yet as the migrants' boat started taking on water, they were left with no choice but to lunge for a huge fishing net towed behind the trawler

  6. After two days on the net, 80 miles out to sea and ignored by the boat's captain, their hopes began to fade.In the end an Italian naval vessel that was in the area by chance dispatched a helicopter to pick them up. The Italian government, aware of the extreme adversity the men had experienced, granted all 27 one-year 'humanitarian status' which enables them to stay in the country, but none of them can speak the language and they have found it impossible to find regular work.Approximately 30,000 African boat people enter Italy each year but - like the tuna net migrants - few of them speak the language and 80 per cent of them are believed to make their way to France or the UK.For the 27 tuna net refugees, they might have made it across the Mediterranean but they are still, in many ways, cast adrift in unfamiliar territory.Up to 10,000 people are believed to have drowned trying to cross the Mediterranean from Africa in the past five years.

  7. TORONTO, Ont. - The Canada Border Services Agency has called it an "unbelievable case of concealment", after an Asian man managed to get on an Air Canada flight from Hong Kong to Vancouver disguised as an elderly, white man.On October 29, the man came boarded flight AC018 wearing a silicone face and neck mask, glasses, brown pants and a cardigan. Although Air Canada staff noticed his young looking hands, they did not ask for photo ID at the boarding gate. All he showed was an Aeroplan card and a boarding pass. His disguise was revealed when he went to a washroom on the plane mid-flight, and came out as himself. A former CSIS intelligence officer told CTV the man most likely went through the more elaborate security checkpoints using his own identification."It's only when it came to the last stage before boarding, that he probably met his accomplice, swiped the boarding pass, went to the washroom, put (on) his disguise and then show the boarding (pass)," he said."We did not ask for photo ID, and this is (a) basic procedure, this is the regulation."The officer also told CTV that this illustrated a major security breach."The terrorists are anybody who wants to board a plane illegally, can come out with new ideas and new perspectives," he said. There is word that the Asian man was seeking refuge in Canada. He has not been identified at this time.

  8. World Net Migration Rates

  9. Costs • Informal economy --> no taxes paid to support programs • Drain on programs --> illegals have access to health care and education for children • When economic recession --> blamed for problems • Strain on services/department to keep them out • Strain on resources (esp. Countries that cannot afford own people) • Wages undercut native residents (can’t compete) • Poor treatment of illegal migrants • Greece

  10. Dangers • Slavery women, men & children smuggled into to countries illegally • People --> kidnapped or tricked into slavery to work as laborers, for example in factories 2. Prostitution - Some people forced into sexual slavery 3. Death - each year there are several hundred illegal immigrant deaths occur as people are making the illegal crossing

  11. Border crossing Methods • Immigrants from nations that do not have visa agreements, or who would not otherwise qualify for a visa, often cross the borders illegally’ MC Sun Sea • Strait of Gibraltar & Strait of Otranto • Dangerous --> death suffocate in shipping containers, boxcars, trucks, sink in shipwrecks (poor vessels), die of dehydration. Afghan Migrants • Smugglers help illegals cross the border. These smugglers stand to make a lot of money--> risk abuse and death at hands of smugglers Illegal • Children of illegal immigrants born in destination country anchor • Overstaying visas: Most illegal immigrants enter a country legally and then overstay or violate visa

  12. Spatial Distribution Angola - illegal immigrants from Democratic Republic of Congo Since2004 - over 400,000 illegal migrants have been expelled DRC

  13. Spatial Distribution Argentina – Relitively easy to immigration to Argentina”Africa Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal Undocumented immigrants 50,00-250,000

  14. Spatial Distribution Brazil - ~1.4 million illegal aliens • Neighbouring countries are attracted to Brazil because they receive same legal privileges as native Brazilians regarding access to social services (education and health care). This has led to illegal immigration. Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, China, North Korea, & Sub-Sahara Africa

  15. Spatial Distribution China - defectors from North Korea, Mongolia and Africa Rural North Korea

  16. Spatial Distribution Russia: Approximately 200,000 people enter every year mostly from former republics illegals