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Manajemen SDM. (Overview). Mata kuliah ini membahas Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) dalam Organisasi/ Perusahaan. Memberikan pemahaman konseptual dan praktis tentang pentingnya pengelolaan SDM di Organisasi/ Perusahaan. SASARAN.  Untuk memahami konsep Manajemen SDM

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slide1

Manajemen SDM

(Overview)

slide2

Mata kuliah ini membahas Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) dalam Organisasi/ Perusahaan.

Memberikan pemahaman konseptual dan praktis tentang pentingnya pengelolaan SDM di Organisasi/ Perusahaan

SASARAN

  •  Untuk memahami konsep Manajemen SDM
  •  Mengembangkan cara berfikir kritis dan analitis
slide3

METODE PERKULIAHAN

PERTEMUAN,

14 pertemuan dikelas, 10 topik diskusi, 4 presentasi – 2 sebelum UTS (individual) dan 2 sebelum UAS (kelompok)

PEMBERIAN TUGAS,

1 tugas individual (Perencanaan SDM-HR Planning), 1 tugas kelompok (Studi Kasus – Perusahaan).

PRESENTASI,

Presentasi Individual (8 presenter, diundi).

Presentasi Kelompok (Maksimum 8 Kelompok).

slide4

JADWAL PERKULIAHAN

  • Overview
  • Analisa dan Rancang Bangun Pekerjaan.
  • Perencanaan SDM
  • Rekrutmen, Seleksi dan Penempatan Pegawai
  • 5. Perencanaan Karir dan Pengembanan SDM
  • Presentasi (HR Planning)
  • Presentasi (HR Planning)
  • UJIAN TENGAH SEMESTER
  • Penilaian Prestasi Kerja
  • Sistem Imbalan
  • Pemeliharaan Hubungan Industrial dan Exit System
  • 4. HR Audit dan HR-MIS
  • SDM abad 21
  • Presentasi (Kasus nyata)
  • Presentasi (Kasus nyata)
  • UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER
slide5

DAFTAR REFERENSI

Wether, William B, and Davis, Keith,Human Resources and Personnel Management, 5th edition.

Ivancevich, John M, Human Resource Management, 9th edition.

Mangkunegara, Anwar Prabu, AA,ManajemenSumberDayaManusia Perusahaan, PT. RemajaRosdakarya, Bandung, 2000

Ulrich, Dave and Wayne Brockbank, The HR Value Propotion, 2005

slide7

OUTPUT

Produktifitas =

INPUT

Barang/ Jasa

Men,

Money,

Methods

Materials,

Machines

slide8
People are an organisation’s most important assets.
  • The tasks of a manager are essentially people-oriented. Unless there is some understanding of people, management will be unsuccessful.
  • Poor people management is an important contributor to Organization failure.
slide9

Management….must have the support of all employees. I can not think of anything more important

(Robert Crandall)

slide10

Keberhasilan organisasi, dinilai dari kemampuannya memadukan penggunaan sumber-sumber daya yang dimiliki, secara efektif dan efisien dalam pelaksanaan strateginya.

Meskipun demikian titik sentral pada setiap strategi dan setiap metode pemanfaatan sumber-sumber daya, adalah sumber daya manusia yang merupakan perangkat (device) dan sekaligus pelaksana dari strategi organisasi.

slide11

Kemampuan organisasi dalam mendapatkan, memelihara -meningkatkan kemampuan, serta mempertahankan SDM-nya, menjadi penentu keberhasilan atau kegagalan organisasi.

the nature of human resources management hrm
The Nature of Human Resources Management (HRM)
  • HRM:
    • All activities involved in determining an organization’s human resource needs, as well as acquiring, training, and compensating people to fill those needs
terms of hrm
Terms of HRM
  • The terms "human resource management" and "human resources" (HR) have largely replaced the term "personnel management" as a description of the processes involved in managing people in organizations.[1]
  • In simple sense,Human Resource Management(HRM) means employing people,developing their resources, utilizing maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job and organizational requirement.
slide14
HRM
  • Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization. Human Resource Management can also be performed by line managers.
  • Human Resource Management is the organizational function that deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training.
slide15

MSDM, adalahsuatuilmuataucarabagaimanamengatursumberdaya yang dimilikiolehindividudapatdigunakansecaramaksimalsehinggatujuan (goal) menjadimaksimal. MSDM didasaripadasuatukonsepbahwasetiapkaryawanadalahmanusia - bukanmesin - danbukansematamenjadisumberdayabisnis. (Wikipedia)

slide16
MSDM
  • Manajemen sumber daya manusia adalah suatu proses menangani berbagai masalah pada ruang lingkup karyawan, pegawai, buruh, manajer dan tenaga kerja lainnya untuk dapat menunjang aktifitas organisasi atau perusahaan demi mencapai tujuan yang telah ditentukan.
slide17

“The purpose of Human Resources Management is to improve the productive contribution of people to the organization in ways that are strategically, ethically, and socially responsible”

peran fungsi tugas tanggung jawab msdm
Peran, fungsi, Tugas & Tanggung Jawab MSDM
  • Melakukan persiapan dan seleksi tenaga kerja / Preparation and selection
  • Pengembangan dan evaluasi karyawan / Development and evaluation
  • Memberikan kompensasi dan proteksi pada pegawai / Compensation and protection
slide19

FUNGSI

MANAJEMEN SDM (HRM)

  • PERENCANAAN SDM (HR PLANNING)
  • REKRUTASI DAN SELEKSI
  • EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION
  • EMPLOYEE EVALUATION
  • EMPLOYEE EDUCATION, TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
  • PROVISION OF EMPLOYEE SERVICES
  • HUBUNGAN INDUSTRIAL
planning for human resources needs
Planning for Human Resources Needs
  • Typical HR Issues:
    • How many employees?
    • What skills are needed to satisfy plans?
    • Availability of people in the workforce?
    • What qualifications must employees have?
    • Cost of staffing?
slide21

Societal objectives:

  • Benefits
  • Legal compliance
  • Union
  • Organizational objectives:
  • HR planning
  • Employee relations
  • Selection
  • T & D
  • Appraisal
  • Placement
  • Assessment
  • Functional objectives:
  • Appraisal
  • Placement
  • Assessment
  • Personal objectives:
  • T & D
  • Compensation
  • Appraisal
  • Placement
  • Assessment

HRD

HR research

Information

system

Training

Development

Organization

development

Union

Labor relation

HRIS

Career

Development

  • HR result
  • Productivity
  • Quality
  • Innovation
  • Fulfillment
  • Readiness for change

Employee

assistance

Job

design

Compensation

benefit

HR

planning

Selection

staffing

Performance

management

system

HRM

slide22

BUSINESS ENTITY

Strategi Bisnis

Strategi Fungsional

(Strategi pemasaran, Strategi operasi, Strategi SDM, etc)

slide23

Business

Goals

Business

Strategy

Apakah aktifitas-aktifitas pengelolaan SDM yang dilakukan telah menunjang pelaksanaan strategi perusahaan ?

HR Goals

HR Strategy

HR Activities

slide24

2 PERTANYAAN KRITIS

SDM yang seperti apa yang diperlukan dalam pengelolaan usaha, sehingga selaras dan sesuai dengan tujuan strategis usaha

Strategi SDM

Program dan inisiatif SDM apa yang harus dirancang dan diimplementasikan agar dapat mempengaruhi, mengembangkan serta tetap menjaga efektifitas kemampuan bersaing pegawai (SDM)

slide25

TUJUAN MANAJEMEN SDM (HRM)

Meningkatkan kontribusi produktif pegawai kepada perusahaan, dengan cara-cara yang dapat dipertanggung jawabkan secara strategik, etika maupun sosial

PERAN UNIT KERJA PENGELOLA SDM (HRD)

Unit Kerja Pengelola SDM bertanggung jawab untuk menciptakan iklim kerja yang produktif dengan mengupayakan peningkatan kualitas ‘work life’ organisasi melalui aktifitas-aktifitas dan saran-sarannya kepada unit-unit kerja lainnya

slide26

TUNTUTAN DLM HRM

Persaingan global

Pertumbuhan penduduk

Pengangguran

Better

Organizations

Keragaman Tenaga kerja

Tanggung jawab sosial

Pengobatan, Makan, Perumahan

Etika

Belum terdiskripsikan

slide27

Organizational

Frameworks

and Challenges

Preparation

and Selection

Employee Relation

and Assessment

  • Objectives
  • Societal
  • Organizational
  • Functional
  • Personal

Compensation

and Protection

Development

and Evaluation

Societal

Professional

(Employees)

Feedback

Challenges

HRM Model & Subsystem

frameworks and challenges
Frameworks and Challenges

Challenges in dealing with people

External:

  • Environment
  • Changing demands of workers
  • International & Domestic Competitors
  • Pressure groups
  • Professional ethics
  • Goverment
  • Internal:
  • Competition between managers & other departments
  • Legal requirement for EEO
  • Etc
preparation and selection
Preparation and Selection
  • Human Resources Information System
  • Analize and estimate the organization’s future HR needs
  • Preparing Job design
  • Preparing Job Specification & Job Description
  • Preparing Rekruitment & Selection
development and evaluation
Development and Evaluation
  • Determine the needs for orientation, training, development & career counseling
  • Evaluate employees (performance appraisals conducted periodically)
  • Feedback that help manager & departements spot strengths & weaknesses
compensation and protection
Compensation and Protection
  • Provide employees with a fair wages or salary relative to their productive contribution
  • Provide a safe work environtment, also health & safety programmes.
employee relation and assessment
Employee Relation and Assessment
  • Provide effective programs to accommodate the employee’s needs
  • HR Departement responsible for dealing with the union
  • Regularly conduct audits of employees performance
slide33

Simplifikasi I/O Sistem M-SDM

Feedback

Transformation Process

Outputs

Inputs

HR challenges

- Education

- Skills

HRM activities

- Recruiting

- Selection

- Others

  • HR contributions
  • Capable workers
  • Motivated workers
possible hr areas for core competencies
Possible HR Areas for Core Competencies
  • Kapabilitas (unik) dari sebuah organisasi, yang memberikan nilai (corporate value) tinggi serta membedakan dari pesaingnya.
international challenges
International Challenges
  • Challenges of workforce diversity
  • Troubleshooting
  • Cultural awareness
  • Ethics & Laws for planning and staffing organizations overseas
  • Political Risk
what is equal employment opportunity ee0
What is Equal Employment Opportunity (EE0)?
  • Memberikan kesempatan yang sama untuk semua orang, untuk mengetahui, melamar dan bersaing dalam mendapatkan pekerjaan dan berkarir.
  • EEO diberlakukan dalam semua aspek Manajemen SDM, a.l:
    • Recruitment
    • Hiring
    • Tenure
    • Compensation
    • Committee Assignments
    • Layoffs, etc.
why is eeo needed
Why is EEO needed?
  • Women earn approximately 77 cents for every dollar men earn;
  • African American men with professional degrees earn only 79 percent of what white males earn;
  • Audit studies, where white and minority job seekers were given the same resumes and sent to the same firms to apply for jobs, found that employers are less likely to interview/offer a job to the minority;
  • A 1995 study of university faculty hiring practices found that once a minority goal was met, departments stopped seeking minority applicants.
what eeo program is not
What EEO Program is Not:
  • It is not preferential treatment or quotas (the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that quotas are illegal);
  • It does not mean that unqualified persons should be hired or promoted over other people.
slide39

JOB ANALYSIS

(AnalisisdanRancangBangunPekerjaan)