Dries Darrow Period 4. Background . The Netherlands is a sovereign state and constitutional monarchy. Is consisted of twelve provinces in Western Europe. Capital city of the Netherlands is Amsterdam. Is a geographically low lying country.
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After declaring their independence, the seven provinces formed a confederation. All these provinces were autonomous and had their own government. They did however have a confederal government under the states general, seated in The Hague.
As the Dutch Republic grew, they became one of the major seafaring and economic powers of the 17th century.
In the Dutch Golden Age or GoudenEeuw colonies and trading posts were established throughout the world. Some of the most known colonies were New Amsterdam in present day Manhattan and in South Africa, the Dutch settled Cape colony in 1652.
In 17th century, disputes arose between English and Dutch over plantation colonies along many fertile rivers in the fertile Guyana plains.
Resulted in Treaty of Breda which left English with New Amsterdam and the Dutch with the East Indies.
At the end of this time period, the Republic went into a state of general decline due to the economic competition with England and the rivalries between the two main political groups in Dutch Society, the Republicans and the Royalists or Orangists.
On January 19th, 1795 one day after the lieutenant (stadtholder) of the Netherlands William V of Orange fled to England, the Batavian Republic (successor of the republic of the United Netherlands) was proclaimed, rendering the Netherlands a unitary state.
From 1795-1806, The Batavian Republic modeled the Netherlands after the French Republic.
From 1806-1814, the Kingdom of Holland was set up as a puppet kingdom of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Netherlands later became part of the French Empire until 1813 when Napoleon was defeated in Battle, causing his troops to withdraw from the Netherlands.
William the Silent: Also know as William of Orange, William the Silent was the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish (eight years war) and was the founder of the branch of the House of Orange-Nassua, making him the ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands.