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E- WASTE MANAGEMENT. BY SUSHILKUMAR 0991028. What is e-waste management?. E-waste management is the collection , transport , processing , recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials.

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e waste management

E- WASTE MANAGEMENT

BY SUSHILKUMAR

0991028

what is e waste management
What is e-waste management?
  • E-waste management is the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials.
  • It relates to materials produced by human activity, and is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics.
  • Waste include solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances.
objectives
Objectives
  • Reduce the risks to the population and the pollution of the environment.
  • Focus on knowledge transfer to and skills upgrade through seminars.
  • Target mainly the existing informal recycles allowing for their maximum but safe participation in future e-waste management.
producers of e waste
Producers of E-Waste
  • The major producers of e- waste are the developed countries such as US, UK, Russia, Germany, etc.
  • The electronics which are they collect in bunch and sell it to the poor nations as second hand goods.
  • The African nations such as Ghana, Nigeria are the countries which take these e-g00ds.
impact of e waste
Impact of e-waste
  • The volume of e-waste increases with 3-5% per year, which is almost three times faster than the regular municipal waste.
  • 20-50 million tons of e-wastes are yearly generated world wide.
  • Causes pollution in the environment.
  • Humans get affected when in contact with e- waste.
  • Degrades the soil, where it is dumped.
  • Hazardous to human lives.
causes
Causes
  • Collected by recyclers abroad.
  • Sold to waste traders.
  • Passed through customs as second hand, mixed metal scrap for charity / donations etc.
  • Ends up at recycling units (informal sector).
  • Lack of data and information on e-waste generation and imports and exports.
  • Lack of policies and legislative framework to
  • address e-waste issues.
methods
Methods
  • LANDFILL.
  • INCINERATION.
  • RECYCLING METHODS.
  • ENERGY RECOVERY.
  • AVOIDANCE & REDUCTION METHODS.
steps taken by various nations
Steps taken by various Nations
  • Australia, Canada- follow Curbside Collection methods.
  • Europe- follow Envac method.
  • Taiwan- government charges for the volume of rubbish they produced.
  • Israel- follow Arrow Bio System.
e waste management in india
E-Waste Management in India
  • Physical characteristics.

Unsorted waste – Mixed waste of bio degradable and nonbiodegradable.

Presence of hazardous waste.

Lack of awareness.

Land Availability.

stats
Stats
  • A total of 3,30,000 MT of e-waste is generated annually in India.
  • An additional 50,000 MT is illegally imported into the country.
  • At present, India has 15 million computers and is expected to rise to 10 million in 2010.
  • In these, about 3 million old are ready computers for disposal.
policies
Policies
  • A legislation for e-waste management and handling was drafted in 2006.
  • E-Waste Guidelines released by CPCB in March, 2008.
  • A national level workshop organized by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) was held in May 2006.
methods adopted
Methods Adopted
  • LANDFILL.
  • RECYCLING METHOD.
  • DECOMPOSING.
  • BURNING OF E-WASTE.