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Management of E-Waste in California. SB 20/50 Implementation: A New Opportunity for the Collection and Recycling of E-Waste In California. The Problem:. The Problem:. E-Waste Overview. Fastest Growing Waste Stream in the Industrialized World (2-5% of Municipal Solid Waste Stream)

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management of e waste in california

Management of E-Waste in California

SB 20/50 Implementation: A New Opportunity for the Collection and Recycling of E-Waste In California


E-Waste Overview

  • Fastest Growing Waste Stream in the Industrialized World (2-5% of Municipal Solid Waste Stream)
  • Relatively new waste stream – <20 years
  • Has become a problem of crises proportions due to rapid rate of obsolescence (2-3 year refresh of PCs)

eCyclingsm Services

  • Between 1997 and 2007 experts estimate more than 500 million obsolete computers in the US. In California under the new SB 20/50 electronic device program revenues could exceed $250 million per year.

E-Waste Overview

  • Large Volume
  • Hazardous Composition
  • Low Residual Value
  • Immature Recycling Laws and Regulations
  • Inadequate Domestic Recycling Infrastructure
  • Lack of attention from Manufacturers and Government

eCyclingsm Services

background on crt scrap in california
Background on CRT Scrapin California
  • Each CRT contains 5-8 lbs of lead
    • Fails California HW criteria
  • DTSC estimates that 30% of lead in landfills is from CRTs
  • 6-10 million CRTs/yr discarded
    • 60% stored in attics, closets, and back rooms
    • 5-10% donated
    • 15-20% recycled
    • 20-25% disposed in solid waste
california hazardous law waste
California Hazardous Law Waste
  • Is it a Waste: Discarded or recycled?
  • Is it Hazardous? – lead example:
    • Leachable lead greater than 5 mg/l in Landfill?
    • Total lead greater than 1000 mg/kg?
  • Households and CESQGs (< 100 kg/mo) may take to authorized location -- all others regulated:
    • Large Generators must register as generator and use hauler
    • Facility receiving haz. waste must have permit
what s a computer made of 70 lb desktop
What’s A Computer Made Of?-- 70 lb Desktop --

MaterialContent (%)

Silica 24.9

Plastics 23.0

Iron 20.5

Aluminum 14.2

Copper 6.9 (25x)

Lead 6.3 (60x)

Zinc 2.2 (4x)

Tin 1.0

Nickel 0.9

24 Other HMs 0.2


sb 20 sher 2003 sb 50 sher 2004 landmark e waste legislation
SB 20 (Sher, 2003) – SB 50 (Sher, 2004)Landmark E-Waste Legislation
  • “Free and Convenient” Recycling
    • $6-$10 fee on all CRT sales – started 1/1/05
      • DTSC may include other hazardous video devices
      • CIWMB may adjust fee to cover costs in 2006
    • CIWMB Reimbursements
      • Collectors & Recyclers
      • Service must be “Free and Convenient”
      • CIWMB to adopt rules
  • Market-based Recycling – NotMandates
  • Hazardous Waste – Subject to DTSC Standards
  • Universal Waste – Common and widespread HW eligible for streamlined management standards adopted by DTSC
  • Universal Waste Electronic Device (UWED) – Any hazardous electronic waste eligible for UW regs
  • Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) – Traditional TVs and Monitors
  • Covered Electronic Device (CED)– Video Display Device Subject SB 20/50 fees at point of Sale
  • Covered Electronic Waste (CEW)– Video Display Device Subject to SB 20/50 payments when discarded (> 4 in.)
  • Video Display Device – Moving graphical images (e.g., CRTs, LCDs, Plasma Screens)
dtsc regulates hazardous waste
Anything that is HW

Full HW Regulations

Permits to Handle

UWED Regulations

Streamlined Regs

Handlers notify

Subject to SB 20/SB 50

Covered Electronic Waste (Video Display Devices)

Subject to Collection & Recycling Payments

Administered by CIWMB

DTSC Regulates Hazardous Waste:

universal waste uweds crts
Universal Wastes

Aerosol Cans

Fluorescent Lamps

Mercury Devices


Consumer Electronic Devices

SB 20 U-Waste Video Display Electronic Devices (if > than 4” diag.)


CRT Devices & Monitors

LCD Laptops & Monitors


Plasma TVs

Computers? (Pending 2006 Leg)

Universal Waste? UWEDs? CRTs?


Effective 7/1/05

Don’t forget February 8, 2006Exemption Expiration for Households & CESQUWGs!!!

as a handler may i dismantle uweds or crts
As a Handler may I Dismantle UWEDs or CRTs?
  • NO! Breakage, dismantling, releasing vacuum is “treatment”
    • special additional authorization is required
  • Incidental breakage OK as long as contained, cleaned up and properly managed
  • Removing Incidental breakage OK as long as CRTs from consoles is OK, but WHY? . . .
    • CIWMB payments to recyclers and collectors is based on full weight of CRT device delivered to recycler
am i a small or large quantity dtsc universal waste handler
Am I a Small or Large Quantity DTSC Universal Waste Handler?
  • Small Quantity Handler = less than 5000 kg/yr of all Universal Waste (except CRTs!)
    • Standards: 22 CCR 66273.10 et seq.
  • Large Quantity Handler = more than 5000 kg/yr of all Universal Waste (except CRTs!)
    • Standards: 22 CCR 66273.30 et seq.
  • CRT Material Handler = more than 5 CRTs
    • Standards: 22 CCR 66273.80 et seq.

Note: 5000 kg = 11,000 lbs

dtsc uwed standards please refer to regs
DTSC UWED StandardsPlease Refer to Regs!
  • Waste Management
    • Containment – prevent breakage – cleanup
    • Notification & Reporting – (next slide)
  • Labeling/Marking – “UWED” or “CRT” on device, container, pallet or “area”
  • Accumulation Time Limits – one year
    • Area or container must be dated
  • Employee Training – handling & E-procedures
  • Response to Releases – contain and manage
  • Off-Site Shipments – must go to Recycler or Handler
    • If Disposal then you are regulated as HW facility!
    • Must Accept rejected shipments back
    • Receipts or Bills of Lading and DOT regulations
    • Containers, Wrapped Pallets – no loose packing
notification requirement 1 dtsc uwed or crt handler
DTSC Notification as Handler of UWED or CRT

DTSC Form 1382

30 Days prior to accepting CEWs or UWEDs

Annual Report due Feb. for Prior Year

Notification Requirement #1DTSC UWED or CRT Handler
  • Form Contents
  • Handler Information
  • Handling Activities
  • Destination Facilities
    • Materials Shipped
  • Exports
    • Materials Shipped
  • Certification

ciwmb adopts regs 4 13 04 updated 11 9 04 12 5 05 final regulations 7 18 06
CIWMB Adopts Regs4/13/04, Updated 11/9/04 & 12/5/05Final Regulations: 7/18/06
  • Recycler Payments: $0.48/lb
    • Only applies to CEWs
    • $0.20/lb passed to collector
    • Must be “Free and Convenient” Service
      • Additional Fees OK for Supplemental Programs
  • Notification requirements
    • Must notify CIWMB
      • Authorized Collector or Recycler

how the california cew recycling system works
How the California CEW Recycling System Works

“Free and Convenient”


Retailer or ManufacturerPoint of Sale


Authorized Collector



$6-$10/unit quarterly

$0.28/lb + $0.20/lb

Authorized Recycler

California Board of Equalization



End Recycler



once again how do authorized collectors get paid for cews
Once Again - How Do Authorized Collectors Get Paid for CEWs?
  • Only for CEWs
  • Collected After 1/1/05
  • Must Notify DTSC as UWED Handler
  • Must Notify CIWMB to be Authorized Collector
  • Receive $0.20 per pound of entire device
  • Delivered to Authorized Recycler

“Free and Convenient”


Authorized Collector



$0.28/lb + $0.20/lb

Authorized Recycler

notification requirement 2 ciwmb authorized collector
CIWMB Application for Authorized Collector

CIWMB Form 186

Must receive CIWMB approval – 30 days

Good for 2 years

Net Cost Report due Mar.

Notification Requirement #2 CIWMB Authorized Collector

authorized collector reporting requirements
Authorized Collector Reporting Requirements
  • DSTC
    • Notify DTSC if any changes
    • Annual Report Due February for prior year
      • Due February 1, 2006 if more than 100 kg of UW in 2005
    • Notify CIWMB if any changes
    • Renew application every 2 yrs
      • 90 days prior to expiration
    • Net Cost Report Due March 1 for prior year

authorized collector compliance checklist
Authorized Collector Compliance Checklist

Read the Regs: 14 CCR 18660.20

  • Only CA CEWs collected after January 1, 2005
  • Notify DTSC and Apply with CIWMB
    • Can only accept CEWs for CIWMB payment after approval
  • Deliver to Authorized Recyclers
  • Must offer “Free and Convenient” Service
  • Reporting (DTSC and CIWMB “Net Cost”)
  • Recordkeeping including collection log & source
  • Previously “cancelled” units not eligible
sample authorized collector log
Sample Authorized Collector Log
  • Generator Name/Address
  • CEWs Received
    • Unit Type
    • Weight
  • Submitted to Recycler

Why? To Only Pay for “California” CEWs !

documentation exemption designated approved collectors
Documentation Exemption: Designated Approved Collectors

Exemptions Under Old Regs

  • Cities or Counties
  • “Agents” of Local Gov.

Exemptions Under New Regs

  • Cities or Counties
  • Designated Approved Collectors
  • Permitted SW Facilities
  • Not For Profits


Proof of Designation Form

does exemption mean no collection forms nope
Does Exemption Mean “No Collection Forms”? – Nope !!!

Source-Anonymous Collection Log

  • Source Anonymous CEWs – Once Again:
    • Local Governments
    • Designated Approved Collectors
    • Permitted SWFs
    • Not For Profits
  • Must Fill Out Source-Anonymous Log
    • Submit with CEWs to Recycler


what is a free and convenient opportunity
What is a “Free and Convenient” Opportunity?

CIWMB Regulations (22 CCR 18660.6 (d)):

  • If the recovery payment from a recycler does not fully cover the net cost of CEW recovery, and the collector establishes a cost-free opportunity for a California source to transfer CEWs to the collector,then an approved collector may charge a fee for CEW recovery.
  • Frequency? Good Question: At least Annually -- Monthly better – rely totally on $0.20/lb received from state program
    • Once F&C Opportunity provided, fee may be charged
  • Annual Net Cost Report must justify costs
    • Used by CIWMB to determine if $0.20/lb is correct amount
    • Must justify any additional costs charged by collector
e waste recycling opportunities
E-Waste Recycling Opportunities
  • Key to remember that SB 20/50 provides funding for e-waste recycling programs, but doesn’t mandate or require such programs on cities and counties.
  • Creates a new money making opportunity to go sell new recycling programs!
recycling payment timeline float

Authorized Collectors Bring CEWs to Authorized Recycler and Submits Invoice






Collector Submits to Recycler

CIWMB Reviews Claim

Recycler Submits January Claim

Recycler gets $$$

Four Month Payment Delay

Recycling Payment Timeline & “Float”
california program results so far
California Program Results So Far:
  • January 2005: 95 approved collectors and 20 approved recyclers
  • May 2006: 401 approved collectors and 46 approved recyclers
  • 2005 Total Revenues: $73 million
  • 2005 Total Claims: $31 million
  • First Quarter Claims:
    • 2005: 8.8 million pounds
    • 2006: 15.8 million pounds
  • No Change to Fee & Payment Structure
in summary

“It’s going to be a busy and interesting future for E-Waste”

In Summary:
  • Multi-millions per year in potential revenue
  • Waste Management has extensive network
  • Scrap CRTs, LCDs & Plasma Screens are Haz. Waste in California
  • Handlers must comply with DTSC and CIWMB Regs
  • New Wastes are Likely to be added: Computers and other Electronic Devices