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Seabird Ecology. What Can Seabird Barf Tell Us? Presentation #1 By Kristin McCully. All images from Kristin McCully unless otherwise labeled. Where is Midway?. Watsonville. Hawaiian islands. Pacific Ocean. Where is Midway?. NOAA. Midway Atoll. Keith Castellano. Midway’s Coral Reefs.

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Seabird ecology

SeabirdEcology

What Can Seabird Barf Tell Us?

Presentation #1

By Kristin McCully

All images from Kristin McCully unless otherwise labeled


Where is midway
Where is Midway?

Watsonville

Hawaiian islands

Pacific Ocean



Midway atoll
MidwayAtoll

Keith Castellano


Midway s coral reefs
Midway’s Coral Reefs


Midway s birds

Endangered Laysan duck with ducklings

Midway’s Birds

Sooty tern

Red-tailed tropic bird

White tern

Brown booby

Red-footed booby with chick

Bonin petrel


Midway albatrosses
Midway Albatrosses

Laysan Albatross

Phoebastriaimmutablis

Black-footed Albatross

Phoebastrianigripes

Short-Tailed Albatross

Phoebastriaalbatrus

*Endangered*


Albatross life cycle

Pete Leary

Albatross Life Cycle

Pete Leary

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Albatross life cycle1

Pete Leary

Albatross Life Cycle

Pete Leary

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Albatross life cycle2

Pete Leary

Albatross Life Cycle

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Albatross life cycle3

Pete Leary

Albatross Life Cycle

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Albatross life cycle4

Pete Leary

Albatross Life Cycle

Pete Leary

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Albatross life cycle5

Pete Leary

Albatross Life Cycle

Pete Leary

Fledge

Fledging

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Albatross range

Pete Leary

Albatross Range

Pete Leary

Young et al. 2009 PLoS One


Threats to albatross populations
Threats to Albatross Populations

  • Longline fishing

  • Lead poisoning

  • Introduced mammals kill eggs, chicks, adults and destroy habitat

  • Poaching for eggs & feathers in 1800s

Monterey Bay Aquarium

Longline diagram - http://www.afma.gov.au/resource-centre/teachers-and-students/about-fishing-methods-and-devices/longlines/pelagic-longline/

Streamer line - http://montereybayaquarium.typepad.com/sea_notes/seabirds/page/2/

Albatross caught on longline - http://www.oikonos.org/projects/albatross_naturalhistory.htmAlbatross egg poaching - http://www.redbubble.com/people/whalegeek/writing/5400046-wisdom-returns-to-midway-atoll

W.A. Bryan, courtesy of the University of Hawaii


Albatross videos
Albatross Videos

  • Laysan albatross feeding chick: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=S83TP_iaEg8

  • Chick regurgitating bolus from Michelle@oikonos.org: http://www.flickr.com/photos/oikonos/5583087077/

  • Laysan albatross courtship: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=YvpHBALOCAI

  • Blackfooted albatross courtship: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=8qYCCbgKzgM#!



Impacts of marine debris

Impacts of Marine Debris

What Can Seabird Barf Tell Us?

Presentation #2

Kristin McCully


Ingestion
Ingestion

Gregory 2009


Entanglement
Entanglement

www.MarineDebris.NOAA.gov


Other impacts of marine debris
Other Impacts of Marine Debris

http://www.mumm.ac.be

  • Ghost-fishing = fishing nets continue to catch fish long after being abandoned

  • Transport of exotic species

  • Human health risks

  • Economic impacts

State of Hawaii

FAO

Ocean Conservancy


Pacific garbage patches
Pacific “Garbage Patches”

www.MarineDebris.NOAA.gov


How can we reduce marine debris
How Can We Reduce Marine Debris?

Average American uses 500 plastic bags per year!! (chicobags.com)

NOAA Marine Debris Program