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Salt Iodization. MICS3 Data Analysis and Report Writing. Background. IDD is the world’s leading cause of preventable mental retardation and impaired psychomotor development in young children In its most extreme form, iodine deficiency causes cretinism

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salt iodization

Salt Iodization

MICS3 Data Analysis and Report Writing

background

Background

IDD is the world’s leading cause of preventable mental retardation and impaired psychomotor development in young children

In its most extreme form, iodine deficiency causes cretinism

It also significantly raises the risks of stillbirth and miscarriage for pregnant women

background1

Background

IDD is most commonly and visibly associated with goitre

IDD takes its greatest toll in impaired mental growth and development, contributing in turn to poor school performance, reduced intellectual ability, and impaired work performance

international goals targets

International Goals & Targets

To achieve sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency by 2005

definition of indicator

Definition of Indicator

Numerator:

Number of households with salt testing 15 parts per million or more of potassium iodide/iodate

Denominator:

Total number of households surveyed

Percentage of households consuming

adequately iodized salt (> 15 parts per million)

methodological issues

Methodological Issues

Standard cut-offs for iodine concentration (> 15 parts per million)

Potassium iodate or potassium iodide

Comparability of estimates over time

production vs. consumption estimates

parts per million cut-offs

methodological issues1

Methodological Issues

Interpret with caution if salt was not tested in >10% of households

Households with no salt in home are now included in the distribution

If a household has salt but it is not tested, these households are omitted from the denominator

tabulation plan

Tabulation Plan

Table NU.5: Iodized Salt Consumption

iodized salt consumption cee cis

Iodized Salt Consumption (CEE/CIS)

Household

Consumption

of

Adequately

Iodized Salt

(15 ppm or more)

iodized salt consumption tacro

Iodized Salt Consumption (TACRO)

Household

Consumption

of

Adequately

Iodized Salt

(15 ppm or more)

iodized salt consumption mena

Iodized Salt Consumption (MENA)

Household

Consumption

of

Adequately

Iodized Salt

(15 ppm or more)

iodized salt consumption esaro

Iodized Salt Consumption (ESARO)

Household

Consumption

of

Adequately

Iodized Salt

(15 ppm or more)

iodized salt consumption wcaro

Iodized Salt Consumption (WCARO)

Household

Consumption

of

Adequately

Iodized Salt

(15 ppm or more)