towards a unified north american automobile ghg standard n.
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Towards A Unified North American Automobile GHG Standard
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Presentation Transcript

  1. Towards A Unified North American Automobile GHG Standard Group 6 Elena Mager Riley O’Brien Sid Tetz

  2. Our Focus Light Passenger Vehicle Emissions Policy in North America

  3. Policy Development U.S.A Canada

  4. Technical Details U.S.A Canada • Vehicle size 40 – 65 sq. Feet • Average fleet fuel economy 30.1mpg (2012)  35.5 (2016) • Numerous credits available by improving • Air conditioning systems • Transmission • Turbochargers • Start stop technology • Hybrid and electric offerings • Designed to match US standards • Based on vehicle footprint • Flexible approach • EAC • ATV treatment • Air conditioning • CEPA (1999) gives some regulatory challenges but attempt to match US

  5. Costs/Benefits under the CAA and CAFE • 1.8 billion barrels of oil savings • Reduction of 950 million metric tons of carbon dioxide • Consumers save more than $4,000 in gasoline costs • Increased average vehicle cost $1,100 • Potentially lower profits and sales

  6. PALTGHG Regulations Cost/Benefit • 28 billion L of fuel savings • Reduction of 92 Mt CO2e • PV Benefits: $13.4 billion • PV Costs: $4.2 billion • Average increase in vehicle cost (2016) $1,195 – estimated payback 1.5 years

  7. Critique Canada Transparency OMEGA modelling issues Disparity in US-Canada fleet mix Credit system Treatment of ATV

  8. Conclusion