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U.S Neutrality in WWI. When should the U.S go to war?. Background. Soon after the war began in 1914, president Woodrow Wilson declared a policy of neutrality . The United States would not take sides in the conflict. Recall: what were the M.A.I.N causes of WWI?. Background. Do Now.

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U s neutrality in wwi

U.S Neutrality in WWI

When should the U.S go to war?


Background
Background

Soon after the war began in 1914, president Woodrow Wilson declared a policy of neutrality. The United States would not take sides in the conflict.

Recall: what were the M.A.I.N causes of WWI?



Do now
Do Now

For each quote:

Tell me what Wilson’s views were on entering WWI (isolationist or interventionist)

Explain what reasons he gave for each.

Then predict what might have happened in three years to make him change his mind (come up with at least two things)

Compare Woodrow Wilson’s statements in 1914 with those from 1917.


Wilson s policy of neutrality
Wilson’s Policy of Neutrality

A Challenge to Neutrality

In 1914, 1/3 Americans were foreign born or children of foreign born parents. These Americans had strong emotional ties to their homelands and found it hard to remain neutral.

Map of German Ancestry 1914

What information on this map would allow you to conclude that Americans were deeply divided on the War in Europe?

Americans were deeply divided on the war in Europe


Main idea
Main Idea

Due to a series of events that took place from 1914-1917 the U.S was forced to abandon its neutrality.



The economics of war
The Economics of War

Event #1

“The European War is one with which we have nothing to do, whose causes cannot hurt us.” But can make us rich!

  • As a neutral nation, the United States could make loans and sell supplies to both the Allied and Central Powers.

What conclusions can you draw from the data about American Neutrality?







The sussex pledge

Event YouTube#5

The Sussex Pledge


Preparedness
Preparedness YouTube

  • 1915 – U.S. Army was ill prepared for war

  • Army of 80,000 men

  • Lacked equipment & resources

  • Former President Theodore Roosevelt calls for America to prepare for war

  • Wilson recognizes the threat of submarine warfare and the need to for preparedness


The election of 1916
The Election of 1916 YouTube

“He kept us out of war” The slogan that helped Wilson win the election of 1916


The zimmerman note
The Zimmerman Note YouTube

Event #6




Declaration of war
Declaration of War YouTube

“It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into . . . the most terrible and disastrous of all wars,” he said. “Civilization itself seems to be hanging in the balance.”


Neutrality is no longer feasible (practical)…where the peace of the world is involved…The w world must be made safe for democracy. It’s peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty…The right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts-for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments.

When Wilson finished, lawmakers cheered. Later Wilson said sadly, “Think what it was they were applauding. My message today was a message of death for our young men.”


Closure
Closure peace of the world is involved…The w world must be made safe for democracy. It’s peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty…The right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts-for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments.

  • Copy the following timeline on a piece of paper.

    • Beginning with 1914, write “Stay Neutral” or “Declare War” beneath each event to show how you believethe United States should have reacted to that event.

    • When and if you decide the United States should have declared war explain why you chose the place that you did.


Outbreak of wwi quiz
Outbreak of WWI Quiz peace of the world is involved…The w world must be made safe for democracy. It’s peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty…The right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts-for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments.


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