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Hoosier Writing Project a university-based site of the National Writing Project. http://hoosierwritingproject.org Herb Budden Co-director hbudden@comcast.net http://budden.wikispaces.com. The AGENDA….

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Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

Hoosier Writing Projecta university-based site of the National Writing Project


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project
http://hoosierwritingproject.orgHerb BuddenCo-directorhbudden@comcast.nethttp://budden.wikispaces.com


The agenda
The AGENDA…

...will move through several flexible activities designed increase knowledge base and teaching skills--all involve reading/writing/collaborating


Goals of the workshop
Goals of the Workshop

  • Teachers will:

    • Gain knowledge of the use of writing as a tool for learning (Writing to Learn)

    • Learn specific techniques/strategies for using WTL in all subjects/classes

    • Understand the differences/applicability of levels of writing

    • Be able to connect knowledge/skills to high-stakes writing (ISTEP, SAT) and the levels of writing


Quotes speak
QUOTES SPEAK

  • Find a quote that “speaks” to you. Stand by it. Introduce yourself to others who have selected the same quote, and discuss why you chose it. Have one person quickly introduce members of your group to the large group and say something about your quote



Stampede
Stampede

You’re standing in the large field minding your own business when you hear rumbling sounds in the distance. The sounds begin to intensify, and at first you wonder if it is thunder you hear approaching. Because it’s a beautiful, cloudless day you dismiss the notion.

As the rumbling sounds grow louder, you begin to see a dust cloud rising just over the ridge a few yards in front of you. Instantly, you become panicked . . .


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

. . . Because at that exact moment it dawns on you that the rumbling you’re hearing is the sound of hundreds of wild bulls stampeding over the ridge. There are hordes of them and they are bearing down right on top of you. They are clearly faster than you and there is not time to escape. What should you do?

Survival experts recommend only ONE of the following actions: (5)


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

A. Lying down and curling up, covering your head with your arms

B. Running directly at the bulls, screaming loudly and flailing your arms in an attempt to scare them in another direction

C. Turning and running like heck in the same direction the bulls are running (even though you know you can’t outrun them)

D. Standing completely still; they will see you and run around you

E. Screaming rude words at your parent(s) for insisting on a back-to-nature vacation in Wyoming



The u s department of labor estimates that today s learner will have 10 14 jobs

The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that today’s learner will have 10-14 jobs . . .


By the age of 38

By the age of 38. learner will have 10-14 jobs . . .









The u s federal government spent less than half as much on research and innovation in education 20

The U.S. Federal Government spent less than half as much on Research and Innovation in Education.(20)


We are living in exponential times

We are living in Research and Innovation in Education.exponential times.




The number of text messages sent and received every day exceeds the population of the planet

The number of text messages sent and received every day exceeds the population of the planet.



About 5 times as many as during shakespeare s time

About 5 times as many as during Shakespeare’s time. exceeds the population of the planet.


More than 3 000 new books are published

More than 3,000 new books are published . . . exceeds the population of the planet.


Daily

Daily. exceeds the population of the planet.


Did you know2

Did you know . . . exceeds the population of the planet.



Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

Contains more information than a person was likely to come across in a lifetime in the 18th century.


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

It’s estimated that 40 exabytes (that’s 4.0 x 10 across in a 19) of unique new information will be generated worldwide this year.





Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

The Internet is the fastest growing communications media in world history. It took the Web four years to reach 50 million users. Compare this to the number of years it took radio (38), personal computers (16), and television (13) to reach that many users (Warschauer 1999)


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

The blogosphere is now doubling in size every six months. world history. It took the Web four years to reach 50 million users. Compare this to the number of years it took radio (38), personal computers (16), and television (13) to reach that many users (Warschauer 1999)

It is sixty times larger than it was three years ago (Sifrey, 2006)


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

Today eighty percent or more of the companies in the service and finance, insurance and real estate sectors, the corporations with the greatest employment growth potential, assess writing during hiring. Half of all companies take writing into account when making promotion decisions.

(National Commission on Writing 2004)


What does it all mean

What does it all mean? and finance, insurance and real estate sectors, the corporations with the greatest employment growth potential, assess writing during hiring. Half of all companies take writing into account when making promotion decisions.


Stampede ii
Stampede II and finance, insurance and real estate sectors, the corporations with the greatest employment growth potential, assess writing during hiring. Half of all companies take writing into account when making promotion decisions.

We are immersed in the dawn of the Information/Knowledge Age. More than ever before in history, the ability to read and write will determine how far one will go in this world.

(40)


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

For the most part, people who read and write well will compete and prosper; people who read and write poorly will be left behind.

Simply put, there is a literacy stampede approaching and it is bearing down right on top of us.


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

What should we do? compete and prosper; people who read and write poorly will be left behind.


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

A. Go home, curl up on the sofa, watch a lot of TV, and hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Stare the Information/Knowledge Age in the face, screaming wildly and flail our arms, in an attempt to make it go away

  • Elevate our reading and writing abilities to the point we can run with the literacy stampede

  • Stand completely still. Pray that the literacy stampede will avoid us.

  • Scream rude words at our parent(s) for conceiving us in the shadow of a literacy stampede


Our choice as educators
Our Choice as Educators hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

C. Elevate our reading and writing abilities to the point we can run with the literacy stampede


Prompt
Prompt: hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Write about a memory you have regarding writing…


Www all4ed org
www.all4ed.org hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away


Importance of wac value of an analytic writing model such as 6 traits

Importance of WAC hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

Value of an analytic writing model, such as 6 Traits


Things to remember
Things to remember: hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • You are probably already doing WAC!

  • If it makes teaching harder, you’re doing it wrong

  • Student achievement will improve using writing across the curriculum


An analytic model such as 6 traits can help
An Analytic Model such as 6 Traits can help… hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

…BUT, there are myths to be dispelled:

  • the 6 Trait model is NOT a curriculum

  • the 6 Trait model is NOT a program

  • the 6 Trait model IS a way to empower students and teachers to communicate about the qualities of writing in a consistent, transparent manner

    MORE ON THIS LATER!


Why writing across the curriculum wac
Why Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC)? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Faculty in all disciplines find that when students write in their classes, they learn material and improve their thinking about ideas in the courses.

  • Writing assigned across the curriculum helps students prepare for the typical communicative tasks they'll face on the job, no matter what the job is.


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

The Writing Brain hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

This is the part of the brain that every educator wants to activate. It is responsible for focus, reflection, decision- making, problem- solving, and most importantly the ability to be conscious of all of that activity. If a student really thinks and is aware of himself as a thinker, this section has been activated.

Thinking


What types of writing are best used across the curriculum
What types of writing are best used across the curriculum? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

Writing across the curriculum has been implemented at a range of schools and universities. In those schools, writing assignments generally fall into two categories:


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

  • Writing to Learn hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Writing in the Disciplines


Do teachers have to be expert in grammar to assign writing
Do teachers have to be expert in grammar to assign writing? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Not at all! In writing-to-learn tasks, the emphasis is upon the content, not the mechanics of the writing.


What do wtl wid look like
What do WTL & WID look like? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Activity: Text Rendering the

    Maxwell article

  • Sentence

  • Phrase

  • Word


How are the levels of writing and wac connected
How are the levels of writing and WAC connected? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • WTL = Level 1

  • WID = Levels 2 and 3, depending upon the assignment


What do they mean
What do they mean, hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

Every child should be writing in every class every day??


Levels and frequency
Levels and Frequency hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Level 1 = about 70% of all school writing

  • Level 2 = about 20% of all school writing

  • Level 3 = about 10% of all school writing


What is writing in the disciplines
What is Writing in the Disciplines? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • WID (LEVEL 3) assignments are typically, but not exclusively, formal papers prepared over a few days, weeks or even months.


What about writing conventions in my subject
What about writing conventions in my subject? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • The final papers adhere to format and style guidelines typical of the subjects they are helping students learn about.


Writing grading
Writing & Grading hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Remember the LEVELS of writing–

  • LEVEL 1- no scoring of content

  • LEVEL 2- scored for content only

  • LEVEL 3- scored consistently and analytically by trait across faculty (60)


Assessing writing to learn wtl
Assessing Writing to Learn (WTL) hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • WTL activities are Level 1 or Level 2 type writing, depending on your purpose.

  • Level 1 assessment is based on satisfactory completion.

  • Level 2 will typically be scored for content correctness only


Giving feedback to wtl level 1
Giving Feedback to WTL Level 1 hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Use the work in class...e.g., begin class by having students read aloud from their response journals, etc

  • Respond in writing OCCASIONALLY, answering content with content

  • Use binary grading


Remember use the levels to determine how to assess
Remember: use the LEVELS to determine how to assess! hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Writing that is polished, requires revisions, and is not done ‘on demand’ is Level 3 writing and should be assessed using all or some of the 6 Traits—


Polished writing level 3 needs six trait assessment
Polished writing (Level 3) needs Six Trait hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go awayassessment!

  • If you assign more polished pieces, especially those that adhere to conventions of your subject, then we suggest putting the burden of proofreading squarely where it belongs--on the writer, then use the 6 TRAITS assessment!


Wtl vs customary school writing tasks
WTL vs Customary School Writing Tasks: hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

WTL Traditional Writing Tasks

SPONTANEOUS vs planned

SHORT vs lengthy

EXPLORATORY vs authoritative

EXPRESSIVE vs transactional

INFORMAL vs formal

PERSONAL vs audience-centered

UNEDITED vs polished

UNGRADED vs graded


Let s examine some
Let’s examine some hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

LEVEL ONE writing activities ANYONE can do!


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

What? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

A brief description in your own words

So What?

The significance of the item from your viewpoint

Now What?

A way you might apply this item to your teaching practice


Jigsaw
JIGSAW hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away


What makes good writing
What makes good writing? hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away


The 6 traits
The 6 TRAITS: hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • IDEAS & CONTENT (I/C)

  • ORGANIZATION (O)

  • VOICE (V)

  • WORD CHOICE (WC)

  • SENTENCE FLUENCY(SF)

  • CONVENTIONS (C)


Validity and reliabilty
Validity and Reliabilty hope the demands of the literacy stampede will go away

  • Validity answers the question: can we all agree that does this thing does what it is supposed to do?

  • Reliability answers the question: will one person’s use of the thing match up consistently with another’s use of it?


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

The 6+1 Traits model is ANALYTIC, not holistic; it breaks down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills

Uses a grading scale of 1-5

Overall score of 3 meets the standard

Moves the discussion of writing skills from subjective to objective


Istep vs 6 traits
ISTEP vs 6 Traits down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills

Which to use? Which is right? Which will help our kids the most?


Analytic vs holistic scoring
Analytic vs. Holistic Scoring down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills

6 Traits is ANALYTIC

ISTEP is HOLISTIC


Hoosier writing project a university based site of the national writing project

ISTEP 6 Traits down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills

I/C I/C

O O

V V

STYLE WC

SF

C

C

2 scores 6 scores (70)


How many
HOW MANY down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills

RESEARCH-BASED STRATEGIES ARE YOU ALREADY EMPLOYING??

Carnegie Report

Writing NEXT


All school writing assessment results gr 10 fall 2003
All School down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills Writing Assessment Results Gr 10 Fall 2003

  • % OF STUDENTS SCORING 3OR HIGHER IN THE TRAITS

  • (5 PT SCALE)

    I/C O V WC SF C

    70 73 74 75 72 77


All school writing assessment results gr 10 fall 20031
All School down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills Writing Assessment Results Gr 10 Fall 2003

  • % OF STUDENTS SCORING 4OR HIGHER IN THE TRAITS

    I/C O V WC SF C

    30 33 18 27 27 47


Why establish a writing policy
Why establish a writing policy? down writing performance into a manageable group of teachable and assessable skills

  • Schools with high levels of achievement in writing have systematically implemented productive teaching and learning practices.