China’s One Child Policy Kyle Merth Tucker Blegen Nate Seefeldt “A means of killing off the Chinese people without shedding blood” Mao Zedong
Purpose of Presentation • Inform audience on China’s one child policy • Assess the social, political, and ethical implications • Raise consciousness of the earths future development
History of the Policy • Policy was introduced by Chinese Government around 1979 • Chinese government officials wanted to control population growth • China’s population in 1979 was ~950 million • Government claims policy prevented 250-300 million births
The One Child Policy • The policy limits family size, late marriage, and childbearing • Requires a permit of approval • Highly enforced in urban areas • Few exceptions of policy • Rewards/Incentives • Fines/Penalties • Second child usually allowed after 5 years
Social Implications • “forced” abortions • More Invetrofertilizations • Extreme Gender Imbalances • Gender Specific Abortions • Aging population
Political Implications • Negative reactions from foreign populous • China’s girls become “someone else's problem” • Undocumented Children • Reduction of total starving children
Ethical Implications • Extreme amounts of abortions • Extreme governmental meddling in lives
Statistics • Can be fined up to 10x the average income • Average income: $4,397 • Can be fired and lose their social status • Since policy began suicide is #1 cause of death in young women • 300,000 officials are used to enforce the policy • 708.8 million dollars a year is committed to birth control programs
Future • Programs are being created to help end “gendercide” all over the world but specifically in China • Is this going to become a global problem where every country is limiting the amount of children families can have? • If gendercide continues will the imbalance between men and women continue to grow?
Questions • With the Earths population growing, do you believe this method or similar methods are necessary? • Do the needs of the majority out weigh the needs of the individual/ do the ends justify the means? • Should this be viewed as an infringement on human rights by the Chinese Government? • What are your overall thoughts on this policy?
Sources • http://www.allgirlsallowed.org/one-child-policy-statistics • http://www.allgirlsallowed.org/about/statistics • http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1912861,00.html • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NlgYXaIdr7E&feature=related • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ndWuq6AznmQ • http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=128&catid=4&subcatid=15 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xIyenQ-njlQ • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4708432.stm • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8451289.stm • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1265068/China-The-worlds-new-superpower-beginning-century-supremacy-alarming-surplus-males.html • http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/27000.html • http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/6966037/Chinese-gender-imbalance-will-leave-millions-of-men-without-wives.html • http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/estimates/en/ • Hesketh, Therese, and Zhu Wei Xing. "The Effect of China's One-Child Family Policy after 25 Years." The New England Journal of Medicine 353.1115 Sept. (2005): 1171-75. Web. 21 Nov. 2011. <http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/ 10.1056/NEJMhpr051833>.