Thinking Hats One Child Policy in China - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Thinking Hats One Child Policy in China

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  1. Thinking Hats One Child Policy in China L.O.s To analyse the 1 child policy used in China to control population To express an opinion

  2. Why have the Chinese been cloud seeding to create snow in Beijing?

  3. The Demographic Transition Model

  4. China was in Stage 3 – DR low, BR falling but not fast enough for the available resources. Wan-Xi-Shao Later, Longer, Fewer Policy 1 Child Policy

  5. China: Population vs. resources • Arable land – ¼ world average per person • Freshwater – ¼ world average per person – Drought in the north (Beijing, the northern rural area is an important agricultural region) • 60% off resources exploited (2020) • 1.3 billion people • Low quality of life especially in west • Pressures on housing, education, food, employment. • Optimum population = • 700-750 million

  6. The evolution of China’s 1 child policy • 1950-59 Government encouraged high BR “a large population gives a strong nation”. Famine in1959 killed 20 million! • 1960-73 After the famine a population boom occurred. • 1974-79 “Wan-xi-shao” policy introduced. It means Later, Longer, Fewer. Later marriages, longer gaps between children, fewer children! • 1979 onwards 1 child policy introduced

  7. only 35.9% of the population is limited to having just one child. These people live mainly in urban areas. Many rural couples, accounting for 52.9% of the population, are able to have two children if the first one is a girl, he said. In other provinces, parents can have two children regardless of the sex of the first child, and in a few areas the rules are even more relaxed. There are some myths about China’s 1 child policy it doesn't apply to everyone! • It’s misnamed it is actually a 1 birth policy. • In Urban areas you are allowed a second child if both parents are single children • Many rural couples are able to have two children if the first one is a girl. • Ethnic minorities are not included in the policy.

  8. BLACK HAT THINKING • PROBLEMS • DOWNSIDES • WEAK POINTS • PESSIMISM • NEGATIVES

  9. YELLOW HAT THINKING • BENEFITS • ADVANTAGES • IMPROVEMENTS • OPTIMISM • POSITIVES

  10. WHITE HAT THINKING • FACTS • FIGURES • INFORMATION • DETAILS • PROOF

  11. RED HAT THINKING • FEELINGS • EMOTIONS • Opinions of groups of people • GUESSES • GUT REACTIONS

  12. BLUE HAT THINKING • THINKING • ANALYSIS • PLANNING • ORGANISATION • REASONING

  13. GREEN HAT THINKING • ALTERNATIVES • RECOMMENDATIONS • SUGGESTIONS • SOLUTIONS • IDEAS

  14. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19677676

  15. Has the 1 Child policy been successful?

  16. China’s Ageing Population • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19662365 Over 60’s: Today 180 million (6 workers per pensioner) 2030 365 million (2 workers per pensioner) 2050 480 million

  17. What stage will China be in? Ageing population in the future.

  18. The Demographic Transition Model

  19. Is China more sustainable than before now its BR has fallen? OPINION LINE Stand along the opinion line and be prepared to explain your opinion “China has made a bold move to stop famine and environmental destruction” AGREE DISAGREE

  20. Homework:With reference to an example (China) describe attempts which have been made to solve the problem of imbalance between population and resources (15marks) • Read the feedback from your Mauritius exam qu. before attempting this question!!

  21. Success Criteria