Thinking Hats One Child Policy in China L.O.s To analyse the 1 child policy used in China to control population To express an opinion
China was in Stage 3 – DR low, BR falling but not fast enough for the available resources. Wan-Xi-Shao Later, Longer, Fewer Policy 1 Child Policy
China: Population vs. resources • Arable land – ¼ world average per person • Freshwater – ¼ world average per person – Drought in the north (Beijing, the northern rural area is an important agricultural region) • 60% off resources exploited (2020) • 1.3 billion people • Low quality of life especially in west • Pressures on housing, education, food, employment. • Optimum population = • 700-750 million
The evolution of China’s 1 child policy • 1950-59 Government encouraged high BR “a large population gives a strong nation”. Famine in1959 killed 20 million! • 1960-73 After the famine a population boom occurred. • 1974-79 “Wan-xi-shao” policy introduced. It means Later, Longer, Fewer. Later marriages, longer gaps between children, fewer children! • 1979 onwards 1 child policy introduced
only 35.9% of the population is limited to having just one child. These people live mainly in urban areas. Many rural couples, accounting for 52.9% of the population, are able to have two children if the first one is a girl, he said. In other provinces, parents can have two children regardless of the sex of the first child, and in a few areas the rules are even more relaxed. There are some myths about China’s 1 child policy it doesn't apply to everyone! • It’s misnamed it is actually a 1 birth policy. • In Urban areas you are allowed a second child if both parents are single children • Many rural couples are able to have two children if the first one is a girl. • Ethnic minorities are not included in the policy.
BLACK HAT THINKING • PROBLEMS • DOWNSIDES • WEAK POINTS • PESSIMISM • NEGATIVES
YELLOW HAT THINKING • BENEFITS • ADVANTAGES • IMPROVEMENTS • OPTIMISM • POSITIVES
WHITE HAT THINKING • FACTS • FIGURES • INFORMATION • DETAILS • PROOF
RED HAT THINKING • FEELINGS • EMOTIONS • Opinions of groups of people • GUESSES • GUT REACTIONS
BLUE HAT THINKING • THINKING • ANALYSIS • PLANNING • ORGANISATION • REASONING
GREEN HAT THINKING • ALTERNATIVES • RECOMMENDATIONS • SUGGESTIONS • SOLUTIONS • IDEAS
China’s Ageing Population • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19662365 Over 60’s: Today 180 million (6 workers per pensioner) 2030 365 million (2 workers per pensioner) 2050 480 million
Is China more sustainable than before now its BR has fallen? OPINION LINE Stand along the opinion line and be prepared to explain your opinion “China has made a bold move to stop famine and environmental destruction” AGREE DISAGREE
Homework:With reference to an example (China) describe attempts which have been made to solve the problem of imbalance between population and resources (15marks) • Read the feedback from your Mauritius exam qu. before attempting this question!!