MODERN GEORGIA UNIT 8
question • Which of the following best describes Georgia’s economy after World War II? • It featured new industries and more diversified farming. • Thanks to wartime demands and the New Deal, cotton became Georgia’s key crop. • Agriculture no longer played an important role thanks to the growth of cities and industry. • Rural farmers did well thanks to more diversified crops, but the cities suffered from a decline in population and business.
question • The economic changes that occurred in Georgia after the war are BEST represented by which of the following events: • The opening of the Pickrick restaurant • Continued cotton farming • The opening of Lockheed • The 1946 gubernatorial election
question • Which of the following statements best describes William Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, JR? • As governors of Georgia, they led the state through a time of economic change. • They both brought professional sports teams to Georgia that helped the city grow. • Both were progressive mayors of Atlanta who guided the city through times of change. • Both accomplished historic feats in Fulton County Stadium as members of the Atlanta Braves.
Both were progressive mayors of Atlanta who guided the city through times of change
question • Who was a progressive governor who ended the poll tax and helped 18-year-olds win the right to vote in Georgia? • Ellis Arnall • Herman Talmadge • Melvin Thompson • Eugene Talmadge
question • What made the 1946 gubernatorial election so unusual? • It was the first time a governor was elected to a four-year term. • It was the first time a Republican ever became governor of Georgia. • It resulted in a power struggle over the office of governor that had to be settled by the state supreme court. • It was the first election after the Supreme Court struck down the county-unit system.
It resulted in a power struggle over the office of governor that had to be settled by the state supreme court.
question • How did the “white-primary” affect African- Americans voters? • It helped African-Americans by allowing only blacks to vote in the primary election. • It helped African-Americans because it made it to where only non-racist whites could run in the primary elections. • It hurt African-Americans by lessening their voting power since they could not vote in the primary election. • It hurt African- Americans by taking their votes and only allowing them to count half a vote to each white vote.
It hurt African-Americans by lessening their voting power since they could not vote in the primary election.
question • Why did the General Assembly form the Sibley Commission? • To settle the controversy over the 1946 gubernatorial election • To decide on a new state flag • To build a new sports stadium • To address school integration
question • Who of the following would have MOST LIKELY agreed with the views of Lester Maddox? • William Hartsfield • Herman Talmadge • Leaders of the Albany movement • Benjamin Mayes
question • Which of the following describes Dr. Martin Luther King, JR? • He was a segregationist who based his arguments against integration on Constitutional rights rather than racial differences. • He was a world-famous figure who led the civil rights movement of the 1950’s and ‘60’s. • He made history when he refused to integrate his restaurant despite rulings by the Supreme Court. • He was the first black president of Morehouse College and used his position to lead the first sit-ins.
He was a world-famous figure who led the civil rights movement of the 1950’s and ‘60’s.
question • Which of the following statements would Lester Maddox have most likely agreed with? • People should be treated the same, regardless of the color of their skin. • Hamilton Holmes is a great example; the University of Georgia needs more students just like him. • Dr. King is perhaps the greatest Georgian in history. • A man has the right to do with his own property as he sees fit, without the government telling him what to do.
A man has the right to do with his own property as he sees fit, without the government telling him what to do.
question • Which of the following is credited to Ivan Allen, Jr.? • The birth of Atlanta as an aviation hub • The promotion of professional sports in the South • Shifting the case for segregation from racial language to arguments over constitutional rights • Breaking Babe Ruth’s record
question • Who of the following would MOST LIKELY agree with the quote below: • “Us citizens have a basic right to freely decide who they will, and will not, associate with. It is not only unconstitutional, it is indecent, for any government official to force any citizen to mix with those he, or she, prefers not to.” • Lester Maddox • Benjamin Mayes • William Hartsfield • Hank Aaron
question • Which of the following would an African American citizen MOST LIKELY be supportive of? • The politics of Herman Talmadge • Integration • Segregation • The 1956 State Flag
question • What challenge did Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter face in 1961? • They were the first African-Americans admitted to Atlanta’s public schools • They were the first African-Americans to attempt to enter Lester Maddox’s restaurant after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 • They were the first African-Americans admitted to the University of Georgia • They were the first African-Americans
They were the first African-Americans admitted to the University of Georgia
question • Redetermining representation in state legislature to make sure that citizens are represented fairly is called: • Conservatism • Urbanization • Reapportionment • Power shifting
question • Which of the following benefitted the MOST from reapportionment? • A white farmer in rural Georgia • An African-American farmer in rural Georgia • Registered voters living in downtown Atlanta • Legal immigrants
question • Who was Maynard Jackson? • Georgia’s first African-American governor • Atlanta’s first African-American Mayor • Mayor of Atlanta during the 1996 Olympics • The first republican elected to Congress in Georgia since Reconstruction.
question • Which of the following statements describes Jimmy Carter? • He is the only Georgian to serve as president. • As lieutenant governor, he often feuded with Governor Lester Maddox over integration. • He is the only man to serve as vice president and president without winning election to either office. • After he left the White House, he returned to Georgia to become governor rather than retire.
question • Which of the following hurt Carter’s chances for re-election in 1980? • Watergate • A healthy economy • The Iranian Hostage Crisis • The Camp David Accords
question • Which of the following is true regarding Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport? • It is one of the busiest airports in the world and important to Georgia’s economy. • It is no longer important to Georgia’s economy because other forms of transportation have become more popular. • It allows millions of tourists to visit the state each year but does little to help business or provide jobs. • It is located in Savannah and is the fifth business airport in the nation.
It is one of the busiest airports in the world and important to Georgia’s economy.
question • S. Truett Cathy, Asa Candler, Arthur Blank and C.E. Woolman are all examples of what? • Businessmen who helped to build one of the busiest airports in the world. • Men who made “Coke” a household name. • Entrepreneurs who founded companies in other states and then moved to Georgia. • Entrepreneurs who have created widely recognized businesses for Georgia.
question • Andrew Young made history when he was elected Mayor of Atlanta for which of the following reasons? • He was the first black mayor in the city’s history. • It was the first time an African-American mayor had ever succeeded another African-American mayor in a major city. • He was the first mayor elected after the end of the county-unit system. • He was the first mayor in history to serve two consecutive terms
It was the first time an African-American mayor had ever succeeded another African-American mayor in a major city.
question • Which of the following most accurately describes Georgia’s modern Republican Party? • It still struggles to get any Republicans elected to major offices because of the traditionally “solid South”. • It is the party that helped Jimmy Carter win the presidency in 1976. • It had grown in power greatly over the last few decades, seizing many of the state’s most powerful positions. • Its candidates have won nearly every key office in Georgia except governor.
It had grown in power greatly over the last few decades, seizing many of the state’s most powerful positions.
question • Someone helping President Jimmy Carter campaign for re-election in 1980 would have most likely tried to get voters to focus on which of the following? • The Camp David Accords • The Iran Hostage Crisis • The economy • U.S Relations with the Soviet Union
question • Georgia has traditionally relied on Brunswick and Savannah to serve as what? • Major railway hubs • Intersections of major highways • Sites of key airports • Important deepwater ports