AGRICULTURE STRATEGY HARYANA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HARYANA
Index • Agriculture Profile of the state 4 • Major Issues in Agriculture in Haryana 5-19 • Sustainability of Soil 6 • Salinity 7 • Alkalinity 8 • Deficiency of Micro nutrients 9 • Poor organic carbon 10 • Conservation of water resources 11-12 • Crop diversification 13-14 • Management of insects/pests 15 • Seeds 16 • Progress of Rabi & Kharif Crops 20-23 • Thrust areas for Kharif crops 2009 24 • Key Drivers behind Strategy of Agriculture 25 • Agriculture Mechanization 26 • Extension Approaches 27 • a) Fertilizer availability & Consumption Rabi 2008-09 28 • b) Requirement of fertilizers during kharif 2009 29 Contd.
Contd. 9.Agriculture Infrastructure 30-32 a) Soil Testing Laboratories 30 b) Seed Testing Laboratories 31 c)Fertilizer & Pesticides Testing Laboratory 32 10. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yozna (RKVY) 33-35 11. National Food Security Mission 36-39 12. MMM 40-41 13. National Horticulture Mission 42-45 14. Fisheries 46-56 15. Animal Husbandry & Dairying 57-62 16. Agriculture credit 63
1. AGRICULTURE PROFILE OF THE STATE • Geographical Area - 44.21 lakh ha. • Cultivated Area - 38.09 lakh ha. • Net Area Sown - 35.56 lakh ha. • Gross Cropped Area - 63.94 lakh ha • Cropping intensity - 182 % (National average 135%) • Irrigated Area - 84% • Area under brackish water - 54% • No. of Farm Holdings - 15.28 lakh a) Marginal farmers - 7.04 lakh (46.1%) b) Small farmers - 2.94 lakh (19.3%) c) others - 5.30 lakh (34.7%)
2- Major Issues in Agriculture i) Sustainability of Soil a) Salinity b) Alkalinity c) Deficiency of Micro nutrients d) Poor organic carbon ii) Conservation of water resources iii) Crop diversification iv) Management of insects/pests v) Seeds
i) Sustainability of Soil • Saline & water logged soils - 4.00 lakh hect. • Critically waterlogged - 40,000 hect. • Alkaline soils - 86,000 hect. • Zinc deficiency - 30 % area • Iron deficiency - 24 % area • Organic Carbon - 0.2 % ( normal 0.4 %) SWOC ANALYSIS • Opportunities • Availability of resource conserving technologies • Soil testing laboratory equipeed for micro nutrient • testing • Strengths • Soil testing lab (30) at sub-divisional level • Pilot project of SSD • Challenges • Delineation of saline/alkaline & micro nutrient deficient soils • Maintenance of SSD project on sustainable basis & disposal of saline water • Secondary alkalinization • Technical know-how of extension personnel • Weaknesses • Short period of operation (3 months) for SSD • Non availability of field wise soil testing report • Limited scope of green manuring due to itensive farming • Practice of burning of crop stubbles
Strategy a) Reclamation of Saline Soils • Identification of Saline & waterlogged soils –identification of saline & waterlogged soils by CSSRI • Promotion of sub-surface drainage system under RKVY & State Plan Scheme • Purchase of one more trenching machine & accessories • Conjunctive use of saline water with canal water • Target of coverage of 1000 hect. at a cost of Rs.5.00 crore during 2009-10 • Capacity building of the farmers for maintenance of project
b) Alkaline Soils Strategy • Delineation of alkaline & sulphur deficient soils – Identification of the alkaline soils • Strengthening of soil testing laboratories • Application of gypsum on soil test basis for reclamation of alkaline soils • Application of gypsum @ 10 bags per hect. to mitigate sulphur deficiency • Gypsum for an area of 2.50 lakh hect. to remove sulphur deficiency • An amount of Rs.20.00 crore to be utilized under NFSM, RKVY & state plan schemes
c) Deficiency of Micro Nutrients Strategy • Delineation of micro nutrients deficient areas on GIS maps • Strengthening and up-gradation of existing soil testing labs • Four new Soil testing laboratories proposed to be set up at a cost of Rs.240.00 lakh under National Project on Management of Soil Health & Fertility (NPMSF) • Two Mobile soil testing vans for on spot testing samples of distant fields • 3.00 lakhs soil health cards to be issued during 2009-10 • Capacity building of extension personnel & farmers • Supply of micro-nutrients on 50% subsidy under NFSM & RKVY • An amount of Rs.7.00 crore for covering 1.50 lakh hect.
d) Poor Organic Carbon Strategy • Green manuring in 1.50 lakh hect. at a cost of Rs.10.00 crore under RKVY • Promotion of zero till seed drill & rotavators under NFSM & RKVY • Promotion of Vermi composting & FYM • Cultivation of leguminous crops • Mechanization in sugarcane cultivation • Awareness campaigns
ii) Conservation of Water Resources • Total water requirement = 32 MAF • Availability = 18.75 MAF • Deficit = 13.25 MAF • Brackish Ground Water = 54 % of the area • Depletion of Ground water = 17 cm (99 cm in M.garh) • Over exploited blocks = 55 SWOC ANALYSIS • Opportunities • Availability of Resource Conserving Technology (RCT) • Scope for diversification of crops • Strengths • Availability of water saving technology • Cadre of technical personnel • Weaknesses • Flood system of irrigation in canal command area • Brackish ground water in 54 % area • Cultivation of Water guzzling crop of paddy • Challenges • Seepage losses along wide network of canals in western part • Diversification of crops • Depletion of groundwater in fresh water zone
Strategy • Coverage of 20,000 hect. area under UGPL at a cost of Rs.20.00 crore under RKVY • Promotion of Lazer leveler technology under RKVY • Promotion of Sprinkler system under NFSM, ISOPOM & State Plan Scheme • Promotion of direct seeding of Basmati rice • Promotion of raised bed planting • Promotion of crop diversification • Enactment of legislation “Haryana Preservation of Sub-Soil Water Act-2009” for banning of paddy nursery before 15th May & transplanting before 15th June
iii) Crop Diversification • To Diversify water intensive crops • To improve soil health • To conserve natural resources SWOC ANALYSIS • Opportunities • Huge market in Delhi for NCR • Amendment in APMC Act. • Strengths • Suitable agro-climatic conditions for diversification • Excellent scope for horticultural crops • Weaknesses • MSP of Paddy-Wheat • Shortage of labour as cultivation of horticultural crops is labour intensive • Problem of blue bulls • Susceptibility of pulses to saline conditions • Inadequate marketing infrastructure • Challenges • Marketing of diversified crops • Poor shelf life of fruits & vegetables • Lack of Post Harvesting Technologies • Lack of Air Cargo Strips
Strategy • APMC Act amended making enabling provision for contract farming • Contract farming of barley by Hafed • Within crop diversification – Basmati rice area to be promoted • Promotion of summer moong cultivation • Promotion of cotton & guar cultivation • Promotion of horticultural crops under NHM • Promotion of Mushroom cultivation
iv) Management of Insects/Pests • Problem of brown plant hopper in paddy • Grass hopper in Bajra, jowar & sugarcane crops • Mealy bug in cotton crop SWOC ANALYSIS • Strengths • Wide network of dealers • Good team of scientist at each KVK & extension workers at Distt./ block/ village level • Opportunities • Availability of adequate funds under state plan RKVY, NFSM & other schemes • Receptive farmers • Weaknesses • Indiscriminate use of pesticides • Multiplication of pests on uncultivable & common land • Challenges • Pesticides hazards • Fast multiplication of pests • Difficulty in spraying in tall crops
Brown plant hopper in paddy, grass hopper in Bajra, Jowar & Sugarcane & mealy bug in cotton crop caused extensive damage during the last season • Comprehensive strategy to check the menace of these pests • Committee of experts to monitor the pest & to advice timely control measures • Supply of pesticides on 35% subsidy under RKVY • Eradication of alternate hosts • Strengthening of biological control laboratory at Sirsa • Awareness campaigns Strategy
v) Seeds CROP-WISE SEED REPLACEMENT RATE OF DIFFERENT CROPS FROM THE YEAR 2003-04 TO 2008-09 & TARGETS FOR 2009-10 (In percentage) • Problem of admixture • Seed Treatment • Seed replacement rate of gram, paddy & wheat needs to be improved • Priority is given to the seeds of latest high yielding varieties • Adequate availability of seed for Kharif 2009
Strategy • Objectives: • Increased seed replacement rate • Promotion of new varieties in seed production programme and deletion of old varieties • 100% seed treatment • Action Plan : • Seed village programme in 695 villages with a proposed outlay of Rs.12.00 crore • Strengthening of seed processing plant at Umri and Hisar of HSDC under “Strengthening of Seed infrastructure, production & development” scheme • Setting up new seed testing laboratory at Rohtak under RKVY. • Strengthening of Seed Testing Laboratory at Sirsa and Panchkula • Monitoring of seed production programme at sowing, harvesting, processing & tagging - to counter the problem of admixture and quality of seed • Seed treatment Campaign from 1st June-30th June. Block & District level Committees constituted. Live Demonstration of seed treatment in every village • Adequate availability of Kharif seeds
AVAILABILITY OF CERTIFIED SEED, KHARIF, 2009 (Qty. in qtls.) • 25% area likely to be under Hybrid rice • About 90% of area under Bt. cotton. • Availability of more than 15.00 lakh packets of Bt. cotton seed
3-a PROGRESS UNDER RABI CROPS A=Area in ‘000’ ha P=Prod. in ‘000’ tonnes/bales 170 kgs of each.
HIGHLIGHTS • Highest ever wheat productivity during 2008-09 - 43.00 qtls. per hect. (previous highest was 42.32 qtls. per ha. during 2006-07) • Wheat production increased by more than 4.00 lakh tonnes over 2007-08 • Record wheat procurement of about 70 lakh MT during 2008-09 • Gram productivity increased from 5.05 qtls. per hect. to 8.00 qtls. per hect. • Gram production increased by 49,000 MT • Barley production increased by 33,000 MT • Highest ever Mustard productivity of 17.50 qtl./ha & production 10.08 lakh tonnes (previous highest productivity was 15.59 qtls. per ha. & production 9.65 lakh MT during 2003-04) • Mustard productivity increased by more than 12 % & production increased by 4.5 % over the previous highest Areas of concern:- • Considerable decline in sugarcane area & production owing to shifting of area to wheat & paddy
3-b PROGRESS UNDER KHARIF CROPS A=Area in ‘000’ ha P=Prod. in ‘000’ tonnes/bales 170 kgs of each.
HIGHLIGHTS • Rice production declined by more than 3.00 lakh MT due to increase area under Basmati varieties and incidence of plant hopper during 2008-09 • Highest ever cotton productivity i.e. 694 kg. lint per hect. recorded during 2008-09 as compared to 663 kg. lint per hect. during 2007-08 • Area of guar increased by 60,000 hect. while production increased by 85,000 MT during 2008-09 • Total production of cotton slightly declined due to 28000 hect. less area coverage during 2008-09. • Bajra production also declined by 92,000 MT during 2008-09 owing to damage of crops due to less area coverage & incidence of grass hopper
4. THURST AREAS FOR KHARIF, 2009 Rice: • Promotion of hybrid and basmati paddy cultivation (Hybrid 3.0 lac hectare and basmati paddy 6.25 lac hectare targeted) • Promotion of paddy transplanter under RKVY • 100% seed treatment & increasing seed replacement rate to 25% • Supply of pesticides on 35% subsidy under RKVY for the control of paddy hopper Cotton: • Increasing seed replacement rate from 80% to 95 % • Increasing the area under Bt. Cotton from 3.6 lakh hectares to 5.5 lakh hectares • Awareness generation for management of mealy bug Sugarcane: • Strengthening of tissue culture lab at Karnal under RKVY • Promotion of ring pit & wide row spacing to increase sugarcane productivity • Increasing area under autumn planting by providing assistance @ Rs.2000 per acre for Sugarcane seed • Inter cropping of onion, garlic, mustard in sugarcane crop to improve return per unit area • Mechanization of sugarcane farming under RKVY to reduce the dependence of farmers on labour Sustainability of Soil: • Promotion of green manuring to improve soil health under RKVY • Removal of deficiency of micro nutrients & sulphur nutrients under RKVY & NFSM. • Reclamation of saline & alkaline soils • Promotion of Resource Conserving implements.
5. Key Drivers behind Strategy • Organizing the similar activities under various schemes of GOI/State Govt. in only under one scheme • Brainstorming for long term and short term action plan • Avoiding duplicacy • Proposed action plan from available resources of state/central schemes • Sustainability of soil
6. AGRICULTURE MECHANIZATION • Promotion of agriculture mechanization • 2550 zero till seed drill, 200 rotavators, 775 seed drill & 135 multi crop planter proposed to be supplied under NFSM • 100 paddy transplanters, 30 lazer levelers, 2 bailers and 2000 farm tools proposed to be supplied on subsidized rate under RKVY • Promotion of straw reaper & reaper binder to tackle the menace of paddy wheat husk burning • Promotion of bed planter, potato planter, potato digger, self propelled sprayer, ridger seeder, power tiller, tractor mounted sprayers under MMM scheme. • To promote mechanization in Sugarcane at a cost of Rs.454.00 lakh under RKVY. This will provide a boost to sugarcane cultivation.
7. EXTENSION APPROACHES • Extension Machinery strengthened • Pritibadh wall magazine in 3500 villages free of cost. • Krishi Samvad magazine in all villages (24 dedicated pages to Agriculture sector) • Use of EDUSAT System to disseminate information. Tele conference of field workers on monthly basis • SMS service for dissemination of information • Wide use of electronic and Print Media for publicity & awareness. • Pragatisheel Kisan club strengthened by way of providing office room, computers and fax machine in DDA office. • Development of model village in every distt. • Plan for setting up women farmer’s club in each model village • Issue of 3.00 lakh additional soil health cards • Issue of 1.00 lakh water health cards for 1.00 lakh tubewell in 4 problematic distts. • Farmer’s Development workshop- cum- Exhibition to disseminate information. • Setting up of community radio station at KVK
8 a. FERTILIZER AVAILABILITY & CONSUMPTION DURING RABI 2008-09 (Lakh MTs) • Nitrogen consumption has increased. • Phosphorus & Potash consumption also increased. • Micro level monitoring of fertilizer – availability & distribution of fertilizers at district & block level on day to day basis.
8. b. REQUIREMENT OF FERTILIZERS DURING KHARIF 2009 (in lakh MTs) • Hafed has been advised to procure 2.30 lakh MT DAP against the total requirement of 3.00 lakh MT DAP for Kharif 2009-10 season. • Hafed has placed indent for 1.35 lakh MT of DAP with IPL & IFFCO • Availability & distribution of fertilizer is monitored on day to day basis particularly DAP & fertilizer position is comfortable
9.Agriculture Infrastructure a. Soil Testing Laboratories Existing infrastructure: • 30 soil testing laboratories at sub-divisional level • All laboratories computerized and equipped for micro nutrients testing Proposed Action Plan: • 4 new soil testing laboratories proposed to be set up • Proposed to provide 2 Mobile soil testing vans under RKVY to collect samples on door step of the farmers • 3.00 lakh soil health cards & 1.00 lakh water quality cards to be issued during 2009-10 • Delineation of deficient area of micro nutrients on GIS map
b. Seed Testing Laboratories Existing Infrastructure: • Seed testing laboratoy at Karnal having capacity of 10,000 seed samples • Seed testing laboratory at Panchkula for seed certification purposes having capacity of 5000 samples Action Plan : • Strengthening of seed testing laboratory of Karnal & Panchkula • Establishment of one Seed testing laboratory at Sirsa under State Plan scheme • One seed testing laboratory at Rohtak having capacity of 5000 samples proposed to be set up under RKVY during 2009-10 • Strengthening of seed processing plant of HSDC at Umri & Hisar and creation of additional capacity for seed storage under strengthening of seed infrastructure & developmental scheme
c. Fertilizer & Pesticides Testing Laboratory Existing Infrastructure: • 3 fertilizer testing laboratories at Hisar, Rohtak and Karnal having capacity of 1700 sample each • 3 pesticides testing laboratory at Sirsa, Karnal and Rohtak having capacity of 1100 sample each • All the laboratories have been computerized Action Plan • One pesticide testing laboratory with a capacity of 1100 sample is being set up at Panchkula & will start functioning during current year • One pesticide laboratory proposed to be set up at Gurgaon to cater the needs of southern parts of the State • Categorization of pesticides manufacturing companies in A, B, C & D group based on their performance • More focus on C & D group in pesticides sampling • Regular capacity building of laboratory & field staff to update their technical know-how & skills
10. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) (Rs. in lakh)
An amount of Rs.61.03 crore was released against total allocation of Rs.97.12 crore during 2007-08 & 2008-09 • An amount of Rs.59.66 crore has been utilized which is 97.75 % utilization of funds. • Allied sectors were allotted adequate funds i.e. 35.21 % of the total release Animal Husbandry - 17.79 % Fisheries - 13.17 % Horticulture - 4.25 % • Regular meetings of SLSC to monitor the progress of the implementation of the projects • External technical experts in the field of agriculture and allied sector called as a special invitees in the meeting of SLSC • No project proposal would be approved by SLSC until and unless the project is vetted by the technical expert of the field • SLSC meeting on 1-6-2009 to approve the project proposal for 2009-10 • Last meeting of SLSC held on 22-4-2009
Progress of C-DAP • C-DAP for 20 districts formulated • Block Agriculture Planning Unit (BAPU) & Distt. Agriculture Planning Unit (DAPU) constituted • Amendment of C-DAP is in final stage • All field staff & HODs of Agriculture and allied sector have been sensitized regarding convergence of RKVY with NREGS and SGSY • HODs have been asked to ensure that thrust areas of the district are properly reflected in the C-DAP • Suitable interventions under NREGS and SGSY is being identified to dovetail with RKVY • Progress of C-DAP will be reviewed in the meeting of State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) to be held on 1/6/2009
11. National Food Security Mission (NFSM) - Wheat (Rs. in lakh)
HIGHLIGHTS • Increase in seed replacement rate • Removal of micro nutrients & sulphur deficiency - Rs. 237.65 lakh utilized • Farm mechanization - Rs.413.10 lakh utilized • Sprinkler system – Rs.729.86 lakh utilized • Management of weeds (Phalaris minor & seed treatment with mycoryza) - Rs.406.25 lakh • Increase in wheat area from 6.06 lakh hect. (2007-08) to 6.08 lakh hect. (2008-09) • Increase in wheat productivity from 36.95 qtls. per hect. to 38.20 qtls. per hect. • Increase in wheat production by 83000 tonnes.
NFSM - Pulses Contd.
HIGHLIGHTS • Increase in seed replacement rate • Removal of micro nutrients & sulphur deficiency - Rs. 15.75 lakh utilized • Integrated Pest Management - Rs.11.34 lakh lakh utilized • Sprinkler system – Rs.7.35 lakh utilized • Seed treatment & Management of Pod borer - Rs.16.02 lakh • Increase in Gram area from 1.07 lakh hect. (2007-08) to 1.30 lakh hect. (2008-09) • Increase in Gram productivity from 5.00 qtls. per hect. to 8.00 qtls. per hect. • Increase in Gram production by 30,000 MT
12. PROGRESS UNDER MMM (Rs. in lakh)
13. NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION (Rs. in lakhs) • Proposed outlay for 2009-10 - Rs. 10056.00 lakhs • Micro Irrigation - Rs. 1295.00 lakhs
Marketing/Processing Infrastructure • Holistic development of horticulture sector under the aegis of National Horticulture Mission • Proposed outlay under NHM during 2009-10 is Rs.10056.00 lakh • Main focus on vegetable seed production, establishment of new gardens, community tanks, protective cultivation & post harvest management • Marketing, post harvest management, setting up of processing unit & value addition is accorded top priority under the Mission
Action Plan - MI • Total area to be covered = 145 ha. • Assistance required = Rs.1295.41 lakh
PROBLEMS • Survival from spawn to fry is 25% which can be increased to 50%. • Fish seed productivity is approx. 19 lakh which may be increased to 35 lakh/Ha/crop. • Weak post harvest infrastructure. • Non-availability of fish seed of brackish water fishes. • Non-availability of prawn seed
FUTURE PLAN • TO INCREASE WATER AREA UNDER CULTURE FROM 14304 TO 20000 HECTARE BY 2011-12. • TO INCRESE FISH PRODUCTION FROM 76000 TONNES TO 100000 TONNES BY 2011-12 • TO INCREASE FISH SEED PRODUCTION FROM 3460 TO 4000 LAKH BY 2011-12 • TO MAINTAIN GROWTH RATE OF 10%
FUTURE PLAN • TO INCREASE FISH PRODUCTIVITY FROM5300TO6000Kg/HECTARE/YEAR • TO PROVIDE SELF EMPLOYMENT TO 20000 FAMILIES AS FULL TIME AND TO 60000 FAMILIES AS PART TIME • TO CREATE ADDITIONAL WATER AREA OF 6000 HECTARES • TO MAKE STATE FISH DIEASE FREE