Discourse, Power, and Ideology. (or, why we think how we do, speak how we do, and act how we do). Discourse, Power and Ideology. These definitions are a particular interpretation of these terms, not set in stone. But … defining these terms allows us to analyse how they function in society.
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(or, why we think how we do, speak how we do, and act how we do)
‘Base’ is the economic system; the people who buy labour and own capital and those who sell their labour in capitalist system (relations of production between bourgeoisie and proleteriat); factories, raw materials etc. needed to produce (means of production)
‘Superstructure’ the roof and walls of a house, with the Base at the bottom. Not ‘natural’ but socially-constructed and organised, to protect the base. Institutions such as the media, churches, the police, etc. Ideological structure: conspires to ‘hide’ relations of exploitation between bourgeoisie and proleteriat.