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Bhagavad-gétä. Chapter 12. Part 1: texts 1-7 overview of two paths For each Path: Goals—Process—Nature of the Path—Deliverance and Qualifications Part 2: texts 8-12 how the paths fix together How each path can lead to pure bhakti

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bhagavad g t

Bhagavad-gétä

Chapter 12

slide2
Part 1: texts 1-7 overview of two paths
    • For each Path: Goals—Process—Nature of the Path—Deliverance and Qualifications
  • Part 2: texts 8-12 how the paths fix together
    • How each path can lead to pure bhakti
  • Part 3: texts 13-20 the qualities of those who have reached at least the threshold of bhakti
    • The qualities of peace
part 1

Part 1

texts 1-7

slide4
Goal
  • spiritual loving service for Çyämasundara
one goal two paths
One Goal: Two Paths
  • What is a better way to reach the goal of spiritual loving service for Çyämasundara?
  • To start with bhakti from the beginning, or to go through a step by step process that leads to bhakti?
process text 2
Process (text 2)
  • mayyäveçyamano—mind fixed on Çyämasundara
process
Process
  • çraddhayä—with faith; parayä—transcendental
  • faith above the modes
process1
Process
  • nitya-yuktäupäsate—always engage in worship of Çyämasundara
process2
Process
  • Whatever work one does, is done for Kåñëa
  • “The devotee does not desire any achievement other than pleasing the Supreme Personality of Godhead. His life's mission is to please Kåñëa”
process3
Process
  • Sometimes he chants, sometimes he hears or reads books about Kåñëa, or sometimes he cooks prasädam or goes to the marketplace to purchase something for Kåñëa, or sometimes he washes the temple or the dishes—whatever he does, he does not let a single moment pass without devoting his activities to Kåñëa. Such action is in full samädhi.
  • (purport Bg 12.2)
nature of this path
Nature of this path
  • Easy and natural
  • example: Embodied souls can worship the Deity, perceivable with material senses (purport 12.5)
deliverance and qualifications
Deliverance and Qualifications
  • Even though the devotees endure difficulty in withdrawing the senses from objects other than Kåñëa and in engaging in the various aìgasof bhakti, they do not experience the same suffering as the impersonalists because of the dazzling attraction of Kåñëa’s blissful form. (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
slide14
Kåñëa personally delivers the devotee.
  • “The Lord Himself takes him. The devotee does not need to wait to become very experienced in order to transfer himself to the spiritual sky.”
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
slide15
Even if the devotee has not attained transcendent jïäna or has not properly done all aspects of dharmic karma, Kåñëa personally delivers the devotee.
slide16
According to My desire, unchecked, I bring them to My dhäma, putting them on the shoulders of Garuòa, without going via the path of light. (VarähaPuräëa)
no previous qualification needed
No previous qualification needed
  • Pure devotional service is so powerful, however, that one may at once take to it without acquiring the previous qualification of brahma-bhüta life. A sincere devotee who engages in the service of the Lord automatically becomes situated in the brahma-bhüta stage.
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
slide20
Goal
  • Kåñëa says, they “at last achieve Me” (Text 4)
  • Which form of “Me”?
  • a form predominated by extreme majesty (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
  • impersonal Brahman (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
  • ÇréKåñëa, Väsudeva (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
immediate goal is it self or brahman
Immediate goal: Is it self or Brahman?
  • Is Arjuna asking about those who meditate on the self, or those who meditate on Brahman?
  • (text 1)
slide22
Self
  • BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa
  • Rämänujäcärya
  • Brahman
  • ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura
  • ÇrélaPrabhupäda
both self and brahman
Both self and Brahman
  • “perceive the Supersoul within the individual soul.”
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda purport Bg 12.3-4)
  • Whether one starts at the self or starts at Brahman as the goal, one will realize the self and the Superself
description of goal self or brahman
Description of Goal (self or Brahman)
  • Text 1 (Arjuna’s question)
  • akñaram—beyond the senses
  • avyaktam—the unmanifested
description of the goal text 3 4 k a s answer
Description of the Goal Text 3-4 (Kåñëa’s answer)
  • akñaram—that which is beyond the perception of the senses
  • anirdeçyam—indefinite
  • avyaktam—unmanifested
  • sarvatra-gam—all—pervading
  • acintyam—inconceivable
  • küöa-stham—unchanging
  • acalam—immovable
  • dhruvam—fixed
why would someone want to first realize the self rather than starting with bhakti
Why would someone want to first realize the self rather than starting with bhakti?
    • They think it is better to remove all obstacles first and then perform bhakti, rather than remove obstacles to bhakti by bhakti itself
  • Note: those on this path may not have bhakti as their goal from the beginning
why first realize the self
Why first realize the self?
  • svānubhava-pūrvakasyahari-dhyānasyabandha-mūlatvāttenanirvighnā tat-prāptirity eke This means, “Some say that (ity eke), because meditation on Hari (hari-dhyānasya) is firmly grounded (bandha-mūlatvāt) when preceded by experience of one's own self (svānubhava-pūrvasya), attainment of Hari (tat-prāptiḥ) by means of that meditation (tena) is without obstacles (nirvighnā).” (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
why first realize the self1
Why first realize the self?
  • Self-realization [the brahma-bhüta [Bg 18.54 + SB 4.30.20] stage] is symptomized by joyfulness. One never laments for any loss, nor is one very enthusiastic when there is some gain. One sees everyone on an equal level through spiritual understanding. These qualities are preliminary to entering into pure devotional service.
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
process texts 3 4
Process (texts 3-4)
  • paryupäsate—worship
  • sanniyamyendriya-grämaà—control all the senses
  • sarvatrasama-buddhayaù—seeing everyone equally (no duality self/others)
  • sarva-bhüta-hiteratäù—working for the welfare of all living entities
nature of this path1
Nature of this path
  • To attain impersonal perfection is:
  • troublesome
  • difficult
  • theoretical at first
  • one can realize the eternal and knowledgeable aspects of the self, but not the blissful portion
nature of this path2
Nature of this path
  • difficult
  • How can one perceive the unmanifest through senses? So, one has to stop the senses, but that is like stopping a river (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
nature of this path needs worship
Nature of this path: Needs worship
  • Furthermore, even that goal of impersonal Brahman which is attained by such suffering is attained only by having a mixture with bhakti. Without bhakti to the Lord, the worshippers of the impersonal Brahman obtain only suffering, and not Brahman.
  • Brahmä says: 
  • As a person who beats an empty husk of wheat cannot get grain, one who simply speculates cannot achieve self-realization. His only gain is trouble. SB 10.14.4 (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
nature of this path3
Nature of this path
  • This unmanifested realization is against the nature of his spiritual blissful self (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
nature of this path4
Nature of this path
  • there is the danger of turning to atheism
  • the curse at Dakña’s sacrifice: “One who takes a vow to satisfy Lord Siva or who follows such principles will certainly become an atheist and be diverted from transcendental scriptural injunctions.”
  • (SB 4.2.28)
needs prior qualification
Needs Prior Qualification
  • Those who have been able to eradicate their sins by living according to the dictates of their social and spiritual order, and who have thus acquired sufficient piety, are qualified to practice karma-yoga. Gradually they progress to jïäna-yoga, and finally, in meditation, they realize the transcendental and supreme position of the Lord.
  • (Renunciation Through Wisdom)
deliverance bridge to bhakti
Deliverance: Bridge to Bhakti
  • After attaining impersonal perfection:
  • By the grace of some devotee, such a transcendentalist, highly learned in the process of jïäna-yoga, may come to the point of bhakti-yoga, or devotional service. At that time, long practice in impersonalism also becomes a source of trouble, because he cannot give up the idea. Therefore an embodied soul is always in difficulty with the unmanifest, both at the time of practice and at the time of realization. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
part 2

Part 2

texts 8-12

slide39
Goal
  • spiritual loving service for Çyämasundara
principle
Principle
  • There are acceptable processes, good processes, better processes, and best processes to achieve the goal
principle1
Principle
  • Better to achieve success at a lower level than to fail at a higher level
  • What is “best” for an individual is what he or she can succeed at now
  • “the best path” versus “the best path for me now”
what is the best process to reach the goal
What is the Best Process to Reach the Goal?
  • Have fixed mind and intelligence on Kåñëa
  • ädhatsva—fix
slide43
Concentrate your mind on Kåñëa only, remember only Kåñëa(mayyevamanaädhatsva), that form of Çyämasundara, with yellow cloth and forest garland--and not the impersonal Brahman. And also, fix your intelligence, which has the power of discrimination, upon Kåñëa. This means to continually reflect on the statements of scripture using intelligence, which will result in meditation. Such contemplation is called manana. Thus, you will attain residence near Kåñëa. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
who can follow this best process
Who can follow this best process?
  • The person who already has an attachment for Kåñëa. Symptoms:
  • Kåñëa and His internal potency dance on one’s tongue while chanting Hare Kåñëa
  • Kåñëa directly accepts food that’s offered
  • Devotee does not live on the material plane
what do we call this best process
What do we call this best process?
  • The practice (sädhana) of following in the footsteps of rägatmikäbhakti is called rägänugäbhakti (BhaktivinodeÖhäkura)
  • (text 8)
step to r g nug bhakti abhy sa yoga
Step to Rägänugäbhakti: Abhyäsa-yoga
  • Practice to fix the mind in trance of samädhi
  • “From wherever the mind wanders due to its flickering and unsteady nature, one must certainly withdraw it and bring it back under the control of the Self.”
  • (Bg 6.26)
the essence of abhy sa yoga
the essence of abhyäsa-yoga
  • Repeatedly withdrawing the mind when it goes here and there, and fixing the mind on Kåñëa is called abhyäsa. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
  • (abhyäsaliterally means “repetition”)
abhy sa yoga is on the transcendent platform
Abhyäsa-yoga is on the transcendent platform
  • “Practice of devotional service in the material field is of eighty-one different qualities, and above such activities is the transcendental practice of devotional service, which is one and is called sädhana-bhakti”
  • (purport SB 1.7.10)
abhy sa yoga
Abhyäsa-yoga
  • Love of God is now in a dormant state in everyone's heart. The heart has to be purified of the material association, and that dormant, natural love for Kåñëa has to be revived. That is the whole process. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
how to do abhy sa yoga
How to do abhyäsa-yoga
  • Under the guidance of an expert spiritual master, follow certain principles: one should rise early in the morning, take bath, enter the temple and offer prayers and chant Hare Kåñëa, then collect flowers to offer to the Deity, cook foodstuffs to offer to the Deity, take prasädam, and so on. There are various rules and regulations which one should follow. And one should constantly hear Bhagavad-gétä and Çrémad-Bhägavatam from pure devotees. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
how to do abhy sa yoga1
How to do abhyäsa-yoga
  • While performing duties according to the order of ÇréKåñëa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one constantly remembers Him, His names and His qualities.
  • (SB 1.5.36)
how to do abhy sa yoga2
How to do abhyäsa-yoga
  • The gross body should be engaged in acts of rendering service to the Lord (as in bringing water, cleansing the temple or making obeisances, etc.). The path of arcanä, or worshiping the Lord in the temple, involves engaging one's gross body in the service of the Lord. Similarly, the subtle mind should be engaged in hearing the transcendental pastimes of the Lord, thinking about them, chanting His name, etc. (purport SB 1.5.27)
how to do abhy sa yoga3
How to do abhyäsa-yoga
  • “One need not bother about materials to keep body and soul together, because by the grace of the Lord everything is carried out automatically.”
  • (purport Bg 12.20)
abhy sa yoga1
Abhyäsa-yoga
  • What is the bridge from abhyäsa-yoga to rägänugäbhakti?
  • “In this way (by repetitive practice) develop a desire to attain Me (Kåñëa)”
  • icchä—desire
desire
Desire
  • The materialistic world is called the darkest region of God's creation. Yet the unhappy materialists can get out of it simply by desiring to get out.”
  • (purport SB 1.2.3)
suppose one cannot practice abhy sa yoga
Suppose one cannot practice abhyäsa-yoga?
  • “As the mind is fickle like the wind, I do not have the power to restrain it.”
  • (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
direct path to s dhana bhakti abhy sa yoga a gas of bhakti
Direct Path to sädhana-bhakti (abhyäsa-yoga): aìgas of bhakti
  • “Doing services (karmäëikurvan) such as hearing and singing about Me, bowing to Me, worshiping Me, sweeping and washing My temple, picking flowers, even without remembrance of Me as previously described, you will attain perfection (siddhim), characterized by being one of My associates in prema.” These are external activities of bhakti. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura, text 10)
mood and goal a gas of bhakti
Mood and Goal: aìgas of bhakti
  • Conviction that the association of Kåñëa in His supreme abode GolokaVåndävana is the highest perfection of life.
  • no attraction for:
  • higher planets such as the moon or sun or heaven
  • highest planet of this universe, Brahmaloka
  • merging into the glowing brahma-jyotir effulgence
bridge to abhy sa yoga
Bridge to Abhyäsa-yoga
  • What is the bridge from doing the aìgas of bhakti mostly externally to abhyäsa-yoga?
  • All the qualifications of peace (12.13-20) enable him to fix his mind and intelligence entirely on the Supreme Lord
  • çäntiù—peace
side note how does the person on the bhakti path achieve peace
Side note: How does the person on the bhakti path achieve peace?
  • A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.
  • (Bg 5.29)
kart mi y the boss1
Kartämi-çäyé, "the boss"
  • yadatrakriyate karma
  • bhagavat-paritoñaëam
  • jïänaàyat tad adhénaà hi
  • bhakti-yoga-samanvitam
  • Whatever work is done here in this life for the satisfaction of the mission of the Lord is called bhakti-yoga, or transcendental loving service to the Lord.
  • (SB 1.5.35)
kart mi y the boss2
Kartämi-çäyé, "the boss"
  • In every sphere of life the Lord should be situated as the proprietor…even in our ordinary dealings (for example, in our household affairs or in our business or profession)
  • (purport SB 1.5.36)
kart mi y the boss3
Kartämi-çäyé, "the boss"
  • “One should not be attached to the result of his work, but the result should be offered to Kåñëa, and one should accept as prasädam the remnants of offerings to Kåñëa.”
  • (purport 11.55, referred to in the purport of 12.10)
indirect path to s dhana bhakti abhy sa yoga yoga ladder purport bg 12 12
Indirect Path to sädhana-bhakti (abhyäsa-yoga): yoga ladder (purport Bg 12.12)

pious work for heaven on earth or after death (varëäçrama)

overview of indirect path
Overview of Indirect Path
  • Live according to the dictates of one’s social and spiritual order, and acquire sufficient piety to qualify to
  • practice karma-yoga
  • Progress to jïäna-yoga
  • Finally, in meditation (dhyäna-yoga), realize the transcendental and supreme position of the Lord
  • See in the heart the eternal, transcendental, two-handed form of the Supreme Lord, known as Çyämasundara, playing His flute
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
preliminary qualification
Preliminary Qualification
  • Live according to the dictates of one’s social and spiritual order, to acquire sufficient piety.
  • varëäçrama-dharma
  • (Renunciation Through Wisdom)
step one on the yoga ladder
Step one on the yoga ladder
  • karma-yoga: work detached from the fruit of work (heaven on earth or heaven): work for purification only—detached varëäçrama duties
  • sarva-karma-phala-tyägaà (verse 11)
  • karma-phala-tyägas (verse 12)
step one on the yoga ladder process
Step one on the yoga ladder: process
  • mad-yogamäçritaù –
  • taking refuge in My method which gives protection
  • taking shelter of the process of offering all your actions to Me
  • yatätmavän—with controlled mind
step two on the yoga ladder
Step Two on the Yoga Ladder
  • “Study the Upaniñads and gain brahmajïäna, impersonal realization of the Absolute Truth, and then he advances still further, to säìkhya-yoga, in order to understand the supreme controller, who is indicated in Bhagavad-gétä 10.12: paraàbrahmaparaàdhämapavitraàparamaàbhavän/puruñaàçäçvatam” (purport SB 10.8.45)
slide76
note
  • The purpose of säìkhya and karma-yoga are the same (BG 5.4) and therefore it is not always necessary for a person to start with karma-yoga after varëäçrama-dharma, even on the indirect path. One can go from varëäçrama-dharma directly to jïäna-yoga
how does karma yoga and or j na yoga prepare one for dhy n yoga
How does karma-yoga and/or jïäna-yoga prepare one for dhyänä-yoga?
  • “Charity, prescribed duties, observing major and minor regulative principles, hearing from scripture, performing pious works, and observing purifying vows all finally aim at subduing the mind. Indeed, concentration of the mind on the Supreme is the highest yoga.”
  • (SB 11.23.45 quoted in purport 2.3.147)
what is the bridge from karma yoga to j na yoga and or dhy n yoga
What is the bridge from karma-yoga to jïäna-yoga and/or dhyänä-yoga?
  • tyägäcchäntiranantaram (12.12)
  • Through detached work with the goal of purification rather than heaven, attain peace.
result of karma yoga
Result of karma-yoga
  • Peace—foundation for abhyäsa-yoga
  • çäntiù—peace; anantaram—thereafter
peace
Peace
  • Tyāgācchāntiranantaram (gita 12.12) the result of letting go of our attachments is peace (literally: what comes at the end of renunciation is peace). Freedom is the result of detachment, gained through working for purification instead of heaven.
peace1
Peace
  • A person who is not disturbed by the incessant flow of desires—that enter like rivers into the ocean, which is ever being filled but is always still—can alone achieve peace, and not the man who strives to satisfy such desires.
  • (Bg 2.70)
peace2
Peace
  • aśāntasyakutaḥsukham (Gita 2.66) "how can there be any happiness without peace?”
step three on the yoga ladder
Step Three on the Yoga Ladder
  • When one understands that puruña, the supreme controller, to be Paramätmä, one is engaged in the method of yoga (dhyänävasthita-tad-gatenamanasäpaçyantiyaàyoginaù [SB 12.13.1]). (purport SB 10.8.45)
slide84
What is the bridge from karma-yoga,
  • jïäna-yoga, or dhyänä-yoga to
  • abhyäsa-yoga of bhakti?
  • “By the grace of some devotee”
  • (purport 12.5)
  • faith arising from grace
  • (such persons also have peace from their yoga practice)
slide85
rägänugäbhakti

(or vaidhé with bhava)

Brahman,

or Paramätmä,

Yoga ladder

dhyäna-yoga

Desire

Faith

  • abhyäsa-yoga

Faith

jïäna-yoga

Brahman

Peace

Faith

karma-yoga

(akarma)

yogi famliy, svarga, planets of prajäpatis, or åñis

Peace

Piety

  • aìgas of bhakti

Gita 7.28

karma-kanda

(karma)

Gita 4.36

earth

or svarga

ugra karma

(vikarma)

lower planets or species

slide86
rägänugäbhakti

(or vaidhé with bhava)

(can include varëäçrama to set an example)

brähmaëas, usually renunciants

Yoga ladder + varëäçrama

dhyäna-yoga

Desire

Faith

abhyäsa-yoga

brähmaëas, often renunciants

Faith

jïäna-yoga

Peace

Faith

karma-yoga

(akarma)

gåhasthas of all varëas for purification

Peace

Piety

aìgasof bhaktican include optional varëäçrama as subsidiary spiritual function (gauëa-dharma)

Gita 7.28

gåhasthas of all varëas for enjoyment

karma-kanda

(karma)

Gita 4.36

perverted varëäçrama or below varëäçrama

ugra karma

(vikarma)

side note there are also mixtures
Side note: There are also mixtures
  • By karma-miçra-bhakti one is elevated to the celestial kingdom, by jïäna-miçra-bhakti one is able to merge in the Brahman effulgence, and by yoga-miçra-bhakti one is able to realize the omnipotency of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. But pure bhakti does not depend on karma, jïäna or yoga, for it simply consists of loving affairs.
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda’s purport SB 10.10.20-22)
the long road
The Long Road
  • From the beginning of karma-yoga to the end of bhakti-yoga is a long way to self-realization. Karma-yoga, without fruitive results, is the beginning of this path. When karma-yoga increases in knowledge and renunciation, the stage is called jïäna-yoga. When jïäna-yoga increases in meditation on the Supersoul by different physical processes, and the mind is on Him, it is called añöäìga-yoga. And when one surpasses the añöäìga-yoga and comes to the point of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Kåñëa, it is called bhakti yoga, the culmination. (purport Bg 6.47)
the elevator lift
The Elevator/Lift
  • Why walk up all these steps if we have a chance to take an elevator? By means of an elevator, we can reach the top in a matter of seconds. Bhakti-yoga is this elevator, the direct process by which we can reach the top in a matter of seconds. We can go step by step, following all the other yoga systems, or we can go directly. (Path of Perfection 8)
part 3

Part 3

texts 13-20

relation of these qualities to the path
Relation of these qualities to the path
  • The peace achieved by:
  • performing the external limbs of bhakti
  • OR
  • karma-yoga jïäna-yoga dhyäna-yoga realization of self and God
  • gives rise to qualities which enable abhyäsa-bhakti yoga of controlling the mind, the bridge to rägänugäbhakti
relation of these qualities to the path1
Relation of these qualities to the path
  • “All these qualifications enable him to fix his mind and intelligence entirely on the Supreme Lord. Such a standard of devotional service is undoubtedly very rare, but a devotee becomes situated in that stage by following the regulative principles of devotional service.” (purport Bg 12. 13-14)
bridge to abhy sa yoga1
Bridge to Abhyäsa-yoga
  • What is the bridge from doing the aìgas of bhakti mostly externally to abhyäsa-yoga?
  • All the qualifications of peace (12.13-20) enable him to fix his mind and intelligence entirely on the Supreme Lord
  • çäntiù—peace
relation of peace to qualities
Relation of peace to qualities
  • satatam—always (text 14)
  • A person in peace has no fear and full courage
  • So there is no limit or “tipping point” when the qualities are abandoned
relation of peace to qualities1
Relation of peace to qualities
  • The general quality of peace can be explained as specific internal qualities and external behaviors described in texts 13-20
  • What is the description of the devotee who has attained such peace? In response to this question, the different natures of many types of devotees are described in eight verses. (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
relation qualities and bhakti
Relation: Qualities and Bhakti
  • Good qualities come automatically by bhakti
  • A bhakta works to develop good qualities as part of his or her bhakti
comparison to vegetarianism
Comparison to Vegetarianism
  • A devotee of Kåñëa is automatically a vegetarian
  • A devotee takes time and care to make sure all ingredients are vegetarian as part of his or her practice of bhakti
determined undistracted
Determined--undistracted
  • Kåñëa is the supreme goal of life
  • serving Kåñëa with determination
  • self-controlled
  • expert
  • pure
  • not looking for a material result
  • without cares
  • mind and intelligence on Kåñëa
love one s enemies
Love One’s Enemies
  • Adveñöa means that a person does not have hatred even for those who hate oneself. Rather one has friendliness towards them (maitraù). One is merciful to them, thinking that they should not end up in unfortunate circumstances (karuëaù).
  • (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
love one s enemies1
Love One’s Enemies
  • "This person is acting as my enemy due to my own past misdeeds. So it is better to suffer than to protest” (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
family relations
Family relations
  • non-possessiveness of children and wife (nirmamaù), by not thinking of the body as the self (nirahaìkäraù) (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
  • My friends, wife, sons and daughters are now Your servants and maidservants. Whatever care I take for them is only as they are related to You. (Bhaktivinoda)
he by whom no one is put into difficulty
He by whom no one is put into difficulty
  • No one is put into difficulty, anxiety, fearfulness or dissatisfaction by such a devotee. Since a devotee is kind to everyone, he does not act in such a way as to put others into anxiety.
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
who is not disturbed by anyone
who is not disturbed by anyone
  • If others try to put a devotee into anxiety, he is not disturbed… because a devotee is always engrossed in Kåñëa consciousness and engaged in devotional service, such material circumstances cannot move him. Generally when a materialistic person is expecting some retaliation from an enemy, he is in a state of fear
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
avoids joining factions
Avoids joining factions
  • A devotee never takes the part of a particular party; therefore he is carefree. (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
  • neutral (udäsénaù), not taking sides (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
k a is the owner and doer
Kåñëa is the owner and doer
  • does not think himself a proprietor
  • devoid of the illusions arising from possessing a house (aniketaù) (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
  • free from false ego
  • The spirit soul bewildered by the influence of false ego thinks himself the doer of activities that are in actuality carried out by the three modes of material nature. (Bg 3.27)
everything k a does is good
Everything Kåñëa does is good
  • tolerant, always satisfied
  • happy and satisfied with whatever comes by the grace of the Supreme Lord
  • (ÇrélaPrabhupäda)
    • food
    • money
    • residence
unaffected by
Unaffected by
  • happiness—distress—fear—anxiety
  • auspicious—inauspicious
  • joy—grief
  • desire—lamentation
  • honor—dishonor
  • fame—infamy
  • heat—cold
  • bodily pain—pleasure
equiposed
Equiposed
  • He does not rejoice at gaining dear things. He does not show hatred on attaining what is disagreeable. He does not lament on the destruction of what is dear to him. He does not hanker for what he does not have. He has given up both pious actions and sinful actions because they are both causes of bondage. (BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)
higher taste
Higher Taste
  • O my dear mind, please do not perform the religious activities described in the Vedas, or the sinful activities also designated in the scriptures. … O mind, engage yourself fully in serving Çré- ÇréRädhä and Kåñëa with love and devotion. (RaghunäthadäsaGosvämé)
dharm m tam 12 20
of the nectarean path endowed with good qualitiesdharmämåtam(12.20)
  • the nectar of these qualities
  • (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)

(BaladevaVidyäbhüñaëa)

the basis of his pleasure
The basis of His pleasure
  • Since these qualities arise from sense control (çänti, mentioned in verse 12), which in turn arises from bhakti, they are thus not material qualities. bhaktyätuñyatikåñëoëaguëaiù: Kåñëa is pleased by bhakti, not by good material qualities. (Padyävalé 8)
  • (ViçvanäthaCakravartéÖhäkura)
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Kåñëa is controlled by the persons devoted to Him alone, and by the persons devoted solely to the process of bhakti dedicated to Him. The most beautiful Kåñëa is conquered completely by love.
  • (Baladeva
  • Vidyäbhüñaëa)
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