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Hinduism. A Brief Introduction. Visit www.worldofteaching.com For 100’s of free powerpoints. Scriptures. Hundreds of scriptures oldest scriptures: the four Vedas all scriptures divided into two broad categories: shruti and smriti Most popular scripture: Bhagavad Gita.

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hinduism

Hinduism

A Brief Introduction

Visit www.worldofteaching.com

For 100’s of free powerpoints

scriptures
Scriptures
  • Hundreds of scriptures
  • oldest scriptures: the four Vedas
  • all scriptures divided into two broad categories: shruti and smriti
  • Most popular scripture: Bhagavad Gita
what ism is hinduism
What “ism” is Hinduism?
  • Everything from Atheism to Polytheism
  • Different interpretations of the same scriptures led to differences in belief
  • Sanatana Dharma Eternal Philosophy
concept of god
Concept of God
  • Nirguna Brahman - God without attributes
  • Saguna Brahman - God with attributes
  • Saguna Brahman can be worshipped in any shape or form, human or otherwise
hindu trinity
Hindu Trinity
  • Brahma - the Creator
  • Vishnu - the Preserver
  • Shiva - the Destroyer
  • Three aspects/powers of the same divine being
basic beliefs
Basic Beliefs
  • Karma - the law of cause and effect; “you reap what you sow”
  • Reincarnation - eternal soul traverses through different bodies till it finds liberation
holy cow
Holy Cow!
  • Hindus have always had great respect for Mother Nature and its creatures
  • Cow is especially significant because it symbolizes gentleness
four goals of human life
Four Goals of Human Life
  • Kama – fulfillment of desires
  • Artha – accumulation of wealth
  • Dharma – performance of social and religious duties
  • Moksha – freedom from want
four paths to moksha
Four Paths to Moksha
  • Karma Yoga - Path of righteous action
  • Bhakti Yoga - Path of selfless devotion
  • JnanaYoga - Path of rational inquiry
  • Raja Yoga - Path of renunciation
temple worship
Temple Worship
  • Temples provide an atmosphere conducive for spiritual progress
  • Centers of social and cultural activities
  • Provide a place for collective worship and prayers
six philosophical schools
Six Philosophical Schools
  • Sankhya - Sage Kapila
  • Yoga - Sage Patanjali
  • Mimamsa - SageJaimini
  • Vedanta – Sage Vyasa
  • Nyaya - Sage Gautama
  • Vaisheshika - Sage Kanada
history of hinduism
History of Hinduism
  • Originated between 4000 and 2000 BC
  • No single founder
  • Vedas: the oldest scriptures of Hinduism
  • Veda means “to know”
  • Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Veda
  • Upanishads explain the philosophical ideas in story and dialogue form
veda vyasa
Veda Vyasa
  • 1500 BC
  • classified the Vedas into the four traditional collections
  • composed the 18 Puranas
  • composed his great poetic work, the Mahabharata in a period of two and a half years
sankara
Sankara
  • Advaitha philosophy
  • 7th century AD
  • traveled all over India having public debates with other philosophers
  • true happiness can be attained by removing

avidya(ignorance) and maya (self deception)

ramanuja
Ramanuja
  • 10th Century AD
  • Vishistadvaitha
  • wanted everybody irrespective of social standing to enjoy the eternal bliss of Lord Narayana
  • Bhakti - complete surrender to the Lord
madhva
Madhva
  • Dwaitha philosophy
  • 12th Century AD
  • the world is not an illusion.
  • solitary study of the scriptures, performing one's duty without self-interest, practical acts of devotion
vivekananda
Vivekananda
  • First Hindu leader to visit America
  • Famous address at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago on September 11,1893
  • Spent three years preaching the Vedanta philosophy in America and England
  • Founded the Ramakrishna Mission
contemporary hindu leaders in america
Contemporary Hindu Leaders in America
  • David Frawley
  • Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami
  • Mahesh Yogi
  • Satchidananda
  • Mata Amritanandamayi
festivals

Festivals

Hinduism is a celebratory religion

The motive: Festivals keep us close to Gods,

invigorate our household and renew our

personal life.

Festivals signify victory of good over evil.

Every month of Hindu calendar has atleast one

significant festival. Each festival has regional

significance also.

Celebration of diversity.

slide21

April/May

  • Yugaadi/Ugaadi:
  • The first day of the year according to
  • the National Calendar of India. 
  • The day falls in the beginning of spring
  • - Vasanta Ritu – When the Goddess of
  • Nature gets bedecked as a divine
  • bride.
slide22

Sri Ramanavami

Mahavir Jayanti

Buddha Jayanti

Birthday of Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, and his coronation as a king.

Birthday of Buddha,

the founder of Buddhism

Birthday of Mahavira,

the founder of Jainism

may june
May/June

Guru Purnima

  • Guru: One’s teacher. The day
  • commemorates the birthday of
  • Veda Vyasa.
  • Time to remember and felicitate
  • one’s teachers.
  • Lord Muruga
  • Worshipped mostly in
  • South India
slide24

July/August

Raksha Bandhan

Krishnashtami

Symbolizes the love between

brother and sister.

Birthday of Lord Krishna,

favorite lovable God of many :)

slide25

August/September

Ganesh Chaturthi

Durga Pooja/Navaratri

Birthday of the elephant God,

Ganesha

A nine day celebration signifying

the victory of Mother Durga

over the evil demon King

Mahishasura.

october november
October/November

Mother Lakshmi

Deepavali: The festival of lights

  • Mother Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity is worshipped
  • on this day.
  • Beginning of the Hindu financial year.
december january
December/January

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti

Sankranti/Pongal

Birthday of Guru Gobind

Singh, one of the Sikh Gurus

Celebration of the

harvest festival

february march
February/March

Holi

Mahashivaratri

Holi, the festival of colors

commemorating the victory of

Lord Krishna over the demonHolika

Birthday of Lord Shiva