University of Leipzig / Germany Andreas Opitz Denisa Bordag & Thomas Pechmann. The influence of the phonological form on the L1 and L2 gender production. Gender processing in L1. Is there an interaction between the levels of phonological and grammatical encoding?
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Denisa Bordag & Thomas Pechmann
The influence of the phonological form on the L1 and L2 gender production
vice versa a small number of masculine and neuter nouns end with an –e(e.g. der Käse – ‘the cheese’ or das Ende – ‘the end’) atypical
(cf. Köpcke & Zubin, 1983; Mills, 1986)
- A: gender typical termination
(f): -e (Nase ‘nose’)
- B: ambiguoustermination
(m/n): -C (Hut ‘hat’ / Brot ‘bread’)
- C: gender atypicaltermination
(m/n): -e (Käse ‘cheese’ / Auge ‘eye’)
(f): -C (Hand ‘hand’)
(* based on pre-test ratings)
demonstrative pronoun + noun
e.g. dieser Baum
* dieses Blume
had to be judged as wrong or right.
Scheffé-test:(F1&F2): A x (B,C)
gender – errors:group A: 1group B: 50group C: 49
Group A Group B Group C
(typical) (ambiguous) (atypical)
less errors more errors
(almost 50% in the Group C).
Mean response times in ms and error rates in Experiment 4
(pseudo-congruence on phonological level)