Adapting to Change 2007 Series Workshop 5.
A typical animal cell. Within the cytoplasm, the major organelles and cellular structures include: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough endoplasmicreticulum (6) Golgi apparatus (7) cytoskeleton (8) smooth endoplasmic reticulum (9) mitochondria (10) vacuole (11) cytosol (12) lysosome (13) centriole.
Jay Moynihan – Shawano County
How does it work?
Why is it important?
“Nature has all along yielded her flesh to humans.
First we took nature’s materials as food, fibers, and shelter.
Then we learned to extract raw materials from her biosphere to create our own synthetic materials.
Now Bios is yielding us her mind---we are taking her logic.”
Kevin Kelly, Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World. (1994)
“Waste is anything we produce that does not give value to our customers.”
Ray Anderson, CEO of Interface, Inc.
“waste” does not exist.
waste equals food.
Waste, new toxins, and the growing scarcities we now face are the unintended consequences of our amazing success as a species over the last few thousand years. Nothing has had time to evolve to clean up after us.
Industrial Ecology is one of the tools that can be used in a market economy to take care of this problem.
The shifting of industrial process from linear (open loop) systems, in which resource and capital investments move through the system to become waste,
a closed loop system where wastes become inputs for new processes.
…resource and capital investments move through the system to become waste…?
We produce products too!
In fact, it’s the Law!
(The Second Law of Thermodynamics, actually.)
Everything made, eventually decays and becomes
Hence the rub...
There are a number of steps in approaching Industrial Ecology projects. The best source of information I have found is:
T. E. Graedel, B.R. Allenby, American Telephone and Telegraph Company, Prentice Hall, Inc. (2003)
And the excellent book from 2002, by William McDonough & Michael Braungart.
Cradle to Cradle:
Remaking the Way We Make Things.
Analysis of current situation in light of following ultimate systemic goals:
6. Every process and product should be designed to preserve the embedded utility of the material used. An efficient way to accomplish this is goal is by designing modular equipment and by remanufacturing.
7. Every product should be designed so that it can be used to create other useful products at the end of its life.
8. Every industrial landholding or facility should be developed, constructed, or modified with attention to maintaining or improving local habitats and species diversity , and to minimizing impacts on local or regional resources.
9. Close interactions should be developed with materials suppliers, customers, and representatives of other industries, with the aim of developing cooperative ways of minimizing packaging and of recycling and reusing materials.
p.297 Allenby/Gredel (1995)
Life Cycle Stages, from The Ecology of Industry: Sectors and Linages. (1998) by the National Academy of Sciences.http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5793#toc
About Kalunborg, Denmark
Lessons to be Learned (The Industrial Symbiosis at Kalundborg Denmark) (11/2006)
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