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SYMBIOSIS The Study Guide of Doom Symbiosis is a: close, long-term relationship between two or more species Symbiosis is a: close , long-term relationship between two or more species Often at least one species needs the relationship in order to thrive There are three types of symbiosis

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symbiosis

SYMBIOSIS

The Study Guide of Doom

symbiosis is a
Symbiosis is a:
  • close, long-term relationship between two or more species
symbiosis is a3
Symbiosis is a:
  • close, long-term relationship between two or more species
  • Often at least one species needs the relationship in order to thrive
  • There are three types of symbiosis
3 types of symbiosis
3 Types of Symbiosis
  • Commensalism – one species benefits and the other is unaffected
  • Mutualism – both species benefit
  • Parasitism – one species benefits and the other is harmed (the host)
simple table of symbiotic relationships
Simple Table of Symbiotic Relationships

Species 1

Species 2

0

+

Commensalism

+

+

Mutualism

Parasitism

+

-

slide6

Foolish Thrush…

#1

Brown-headed cowbirds lay their eggs in wood thrush nests. When the chicks hatch, the cowbirds are bigger and typically eat more food than the wood thrush chicks. Sometimes the cowbird chicks kick the wood thrush chicks out of the nest.

1 answer
#1: Answer

PARASITISM

slide8
#2

Hummingbirds get nectar from certain flowers and the flowers are pollinated in the process.

Rufous-tailed hummingbird (Amaziliatzacatl) pollinating tropical blueberry flowers

2 answer
#2: Answer

MUTUALISM

slide10
#3

Oxpecker birds sit on the back of a rhino eating annoying flies.

Shoo fly, don’t bother me!

3 answer
#3: Answer

We help out all sorts of African mammals in this way!!!

MUTUALISM

slide12
#4

I vant to drink your blood…

Ticks drink blood from a dog.

4 answer
#4: Answer

PARASITISM

slide14
#5

Cactus wrens build their nests in cholla cactus.

5 answer
#5: Answer

THANKS FOR THE FREE HOME!

The cactus is not helped or harmed.

COMMENSALISM

slide16
#6

Bacteria naturally live inside human intestines.

6 answer
#6: Answer

The bacteria get food and the humans get vitamin K from the bacteria.

“Cultured” means a product includes “good” bacteria that will help your intestines (and you) stay healthy

MUTUALISM

slide18
#7

Remoras attach to the skin of a shark.

7 answer
#7: Answer

The shark is not affected, but the remora gets a “free ride” (both transportation and leftovers when the shark eats)

COMMENSALISM

8 answer
#8: Answer

How did stealing a kiss underneath a parasite become a holiday tradition?

Water is stolen from the tree by the mistletoe; the tree loses water

PARASITISM

slide22
#9

The Boxer Crab carries around small sea anemones.

9 answer
#9: Answer

The crab waves the anemones in the face of a potential attacker (which gets stung) and the anemones gather food bits from the crab when it eats

MUTUALISM

slide24
#10

The Coleman shrimp takes refuge in the protective spines of a fire urchin

10 answer
#10: Answer

The Coleman shrimp is protected from predators by the urchin’s spines, while the urchin is unaffected

COMMENSALISM

bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://fsc.fernbank.edu/Birding/birdID/cowbird.htm (slides 6&7)
  • http://bio-ditrl.sunsite.ualberta.ca/detail/?P_MNO=6122 (slide 8)
  • http://home.centurytel.net/Arkcite/hek0.htm (slide 9)
  • http://www.game-reserve.com/images/wildlife/rhino/rhino_and_yellowbilled_oxpecker.jpg (slide 10)
  • http://www.birds-photos.com/main/gallery.aspx?name_id=88 (slide 11)
  • http://www.birdingafrica.net/img138.jpg (slide 11)
  • http://entomology.unl.edu/images/ticks/ticks.htm (slide 12)
  • http://images.1800petmeds.com/images/products/420/104602_420.jpg (slide 13)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Cactus_Wren_nest_in_Teddy-bear_Cholla.jpg (slide 14)
  • http://www.gf.state.az.us/w_c/nongame_cactus_wren.shtml (slide 15)http://www.liv.ac.uk/researchintelligence/issue27/medicalfood.html (slide 16)
  • http://img.shopping.com/cctool/PrdImg/images/pr/177X150/00/01/d7/0d/ed/30871021.JPG (slide 17)
  • http://www.scubaduba.com/gallery/shark2.jpg (slide 18)
  • http://www.britannica.com/ebc/art-30821 (slide 19)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:MistletoeInSilverBirch.jpg (slide 20)
  • http://www.wcosf.org/articles/mistletoe.shtml (slide 21)
  • http://www.deeperblue.net/article.php/208/13 (slide 22)
  • http://www.norbertwu.com/galleries/ind-web/pictures/picture-43.jpg (slide 23)
  • http://www.underwaterphotos.com/article4.htm (slide 24)
  • http://www.rstours.com/assets/images/colemanshrimp.jpg (slide 25)