Oceans Chapter 11.1
The Ocean Floor • If you could travel along the floor of the ocean, you would see: • The continental shelf • The continental slope • The abyssal plain • The mid-ocean ridge
Shallow Water • The continental shelf is a gently sloping, shallow area that extends outward from the edge of the continent. • The incline beyond the continental shelf is called the continental slope.
Open Ocean • As you follow the ocean floor, it slopes gradually toward the deep ocean. • You will come across a broad area covered with thick layers of mud and slit. This is called the abyssal plain. • Much farther in you will find a mountain range called the mid-ocean ridge. This is made up of mountains that wind through the oceans.
Deepest Depths • Later you come to a dark gash in the ocean floor. This will be a canyon in the ocean floor called a trench. • The trench is so deep that you cannot see the bottom.