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(SAEDA) SUBVERSION & ESPIONAGE DIRECTED AGAINST THE US ARMY AR 381-12 The Threat
Purpose of this training...... To establish policy, responsibility, and procedures for the recognition and prompt reporting of incidents of attempted or actual espionage, subversion, sabotage, and terrorism directed at DET 11 and the US ARMY.
Terminal Learning Objective Action: Receive SAEDA Brief Condition: Classroom Environment Standards: IAW OSA CTG
Safety Requirements NONE Risk Assessment Level LOW Environmental Considerations NONE
NAVY AIR FORCE REG 5510.1F AFR 205-57 Governing Regulations ARMY AR 381-12 Dept. of Defense 5200.1-R
Applicability • Army Regulation 381-12 applies to all Department of the Army personnel (Military and Civilian) and members of the Army National Guard and the US Army Reserves • Local National Employees • as governed by SOFA / Treaties
QUICK---- DEFINITIONS • ESPIONAGE...spying for a foreign government or for any enemy of our government. • SUBVERSION...Causing unit members to be disloyal, or mutiny, refusal to perform duties. • SABOTAGE.....Willful destruction or damage to systems and equipment to prevent mission accomplishment. • TERRORISM..................
TERRORISM Uses violence or the threat of violence to attain goals, political, religious, or ideological in nature. This is done through intimidation, coercion, or instilling fear. Terrorism involves a criminal act that is often symbolic in nature and intended to influence an audience beyond the immediate victims. Involves killing, causing serious bodily harm, kidnapping, or violently destroying property, or an attempt or credible threat to commit such an act. Appears intended to endanger a protectee of the Secret Service or the Department of State or to further political, social, or economic goals by intimidating or coercing a civilian population or any segment thereof, influencing the policy of a government or international organization by intimidation or coercion, or obtaining widespread publicity for a group or its causes.
The Foreign Intelligence Service (FIS) threat is real! FIS is focusing on obtaining info on Army personnel.
Non Traditional Threat Methods of Operation • Unsolicited requests for Scientific and Technological • information • Outright acquisitions of technology and companies • Using the Internet to identify & target information • Targeting cultural commonalties
Threats to US Technology • 75% of our weapon systems had countermeasures initiated against them within 3 years of full scale development • 50% of our weapon systems had countermeasures fielded against them within 3 years of full scale development
Cost of Stolen Technology It is estimated that the US industry loses about $100 billion in technology each year. This equates to approximately 6 million jobs.
What does FIS want to know?Military planning & operations Unit Deployments Classified information • WHO IS TARGETED? • PERSONNEL WITH ACCESS AND PLACEMENT • PERSONNEL WITH VULNERABILITIES • - SEX • - DRUG/ALCOHOL ABUSE • - MONEY- GREED/INDEBTEDNESS • - EGO • - UNHAPPINESS WITH JOB OR COWORKERS • CRIMINAL ACTIVITY • FAMILY / CLOSE FRIENDS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Recruitment Cycle S P O T A S S E S S R E C R U I T
Recruitment Cycle This cycle is three-phased. First you are spotted, meaning, taken notice of as a potential intelligence source. Then through solicitation and other means, a foreign intelligence service agent will “assess” your value. Do you have placement and access to information that he/she is interested in or tasked to collect? Would you be willing to cooperate? Are there any weaknesses that can be exploited or used to blackmail you into cooperating? What would your price be to sell information? Money? Sex? Drugs? Finally, if you are seen as valuable to that foreign agent, he/she will do what it takes to get you to work for their team. It may seem totally innocuous or may be a direct sales pitch. Depends on you and the agent as to what will work best.
THE FIS COLLECTION METHODS ARE MANY...... FROM YOUR COMPUTER AND OVER THE INTERNET DIRECT APPROACH AT WORK , HOME, OR AT SOCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS OVER THE TELEPHONE THRU CORRESPONDENCE, OFFICIAL, PEN-PAL MONITOR MILITARY OPERATIONS, TRAINING, AND RADIO CHATTER THREATS, BLACKMAIL COERCION, INTIMIDATION
UCMJ = LENGTHY PRISON SENTENCE DEATH PENALTY FOR ESPIONAGE CONDUCTED DURING PEACETIME MONEY IS THE NUMBER #1 REASON FOR COMMITING ESPIONAGE. THE LURE AND THE CURE The passing of any Army document or manual (unclassified or classified) to a foreign national is considered espionage.
FIND THE SPY? A FIS AGENT OR SPY CAN BE ANYONE... A FOREIGN NATIONAL, AN AMERICAN, A SUPERVISOR, A SUBORDINATE, A CO-WORKER, A FRIEND, A NEIGHBOR, ....... EVEN A FAMILY MEMBER.
REPEATEDLY WORKING LATE HOURS FOR NO REASON
REQUESTING ACCESS OR INFO WITH NO REAL NEED-TO-KNOW DET 11 OSA AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY
FREQUENT TRAVEL TO A FOREIGN COUNTRY
CORRESPONDING WITH FOREIGN NATIONAL OR BUSINESS Boris Spyinski Russian Intelligence Service To: CW3 Carroll (DET 11 OSA)
REPEATED INVOLVEMENT IN SECURITY VIOLATIONS I forgot to lock the safe again. I know this is the third time! Security
SPIES BROUGHT TO JUSTICE: • ALDRICH AMES/CIA (RUSSIANS)--LIFE • SPC ALBERT SOMBOLAY (JORDANIANS)— • 34 YRS • JONATHAN POLLARD (ISRAELIS)-- LIFE • SGT CLAYTON LONETREE (RUSSIANS)-- 35 • JOHN WALKER (SOVIETS)-- LIFE
Reporting Procedures Do’s • Recall as many details as possible • Date, time, place, and circumstances • Identifying data and physical description • Vehicle license number and description • ID of any witnesses • Details of conversation or correspondence • Record ASAP after the incident
Reporting Procedures Don’t: • Conduct your own investigation • Take money or sign anything • Divulge any sensitive information • Agree or disagree to cooperate • Tell family & friends of the incident • Put yourself in any dangerous situation Remain non-committal - “I don’t know if I can get that information.” “Can I get back to you on that?”
REPORTING PROCEDURES • Beware of who you tell!! • Report the incident immediately! • Remember details of the incident. • Don’t investigate (that’s MI’s job). • Remain non-committed (don’t refuse or agree to cooperate) • Notify your Chain-of-Command or Call 1-800-CALL SPY
Failure to Report... • Fear of Involvement • Ignorance of Procedures • Exposure of Past Misdeeds You are REQUIRED to report. We are not interested in what you have done. You are not the subject of the investigation.
Criminal Penalties • Death Penalty-Peacetime Espionage • UCMJ • Title 18, United States Code
SAEDA REPORTING IS A REQUIREMENT QUESTIONS??