The Tiger Who Would Be Kingby James ThurberThe Ant and the Dove by Leo TolstoyThe Lion and the Bulls by AesopA Crippled Boy by My-Van Tran Fables & Folk Tales Review
1. What is a fable? • A fable is a brief story that teaches a lesson or moral. The moral is usually stated at the end of the fable. • It often features animal characters. Moral: Slow and steady wins the race. The Tortoise and the Hare
2. What is a folk tale? • A folk tale features heroes, adventure, magic, and romance. • It often entertains while teaching a lesson. “Kindness pays off.” The Ant and the Dove
3. What is personification? • A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics. The leaves danced in the wind.
4. Describe cause and effect. • A cause is an event, action, or feeling that produces a result. • The result is called an effect. Cause—Reason Effect—Result
5. In “The Tiger Who Would be King,” what causes the fight between the lion and the tiger? • The tiger claims that he is the king of the jungle. The lion needs to defend his position as king of the jungle.
6. What is the effect of the fight? • All the animals kill each other until only the wounded tiger remains.
7. What does the dove in “The Ant and the Dove” do for the ant? • The dove drops a twig so the ant does not drown.
8. How does this action save the ant? • By climbing onto the twig, the ant stays above the water and does not drown.
9. What is the end effect of the dove’s action in “The Ant and the Dove”? • The ant lives so it can save the dove.
10. What causes the death of the animals in “The Tiger Who Would Be King”? • The animals join in the fight.
11. In “The Ant and the Dove,” what causes the hunter to drop the net? • The ant bites the hunter’s foot.
12. What lesson does “The Tiger Who Would Be King” teach? • “You can’t very well be king of beasts if there aren’t any” or “No one wins a war.”
13. What lesson does “The Ant and the Dove” teach? • “Kindness pays off” or “Help others because they will be there for you when you need help.”
14. In “The Lion and the Bulls,” what causes the bulls to move away from one another? • The rumors spread by the lion make the bulls distrust each other.
15. What is the effect of this movement? • Alone, each bull can be attacked and killed by the lion.
16. In “A Crippled Boy,” why does Theo begin to throw stones? • He throws stones to amuse himself and because he cannot play with other children due to his disability.
17. How does Theo benefit from developing his talent? • He is noticed by the king and he becomes a treasured member of the royal household.
18. What events cause the King to invite Theo to live at the palace? • Theo throws pebbles in the mandarins’ open mouths. They close their mouths. They stop talking.
19. What effect does living at the palace have on Theo? • He no longer has to beg for food and he is no longer alone.
20. What lesson is learned in “A Crippled Boy”? • Skill and practice will be rewarded.
21. What is the moral of “The Lion and the Bulls”? • United we stand; divided we fall.
22. Define prowled. • Moved around quietly and secretly
23. Define repulse. • Drive back; repel an attack
24. Define startled. • Surprised
25. Define slanderous. • Including untrue and damaging statements
26. Define provided. • Supplied; furnished
27. Define demonstrate. • Show clearly; prove
The End “An act of kindness is a good investment.”