Typical conditions for plants production in all federal regions of Russia (average data for the last 10 years) Table 1 *At present time Southern region subdivided for two regions one of them North- Caucasus.
Supplying the priority regions with main agro-resources (average data for 2006-2009) Table 3 *) Total number of regions in Russia–89, about 45 regions with developed Agrarian Sector.
Total Agro - Recources Used in Russian Agriculture (1992, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2011) Table 4. *) Data from “Russia in Figures, 2012”, **) Estimation.
Main Indices of Agricultural production in Russia (1992, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2011) Table 5. *) Data from “Russia in Figures, 2012”
Dynamic of cut down of technical provision for the Russian Agriculture with key machinery (units / 1000 ha) and specific annual field crops load for one machine (hectares / units) Table 7. *) Tractors without of the special equipment for the road, ground and melioration works.
Structure of expenses and specific cost of cereals production in main grain growing regions (calculation on average indicators for prices 2003-2006) Table 8
Structure of expenses and specific cost of cereals production in main grain growing regions (calculation on average indicators for prices 2003-2006) Table 8 (continue)
Agricultural crops in all Types of Agricultural Farms, 2011/2012, (Mha) Table 9 *) Including Individual owners;
The structure of main agricultural crop production in all types of farms (In % of total production of all types of Farms) Table 10 Dynamic of the agricultural production (1992-2011) of all types of farms shows that the input of population’s plots and large agricultural enterprises close to each other during of the last 20 years in spite of the fact that population have 22 times less of arable land (Table 8; 9 and 10).
DYNAMIC OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION STRUCTURE (1992-2011) DEPENDS ON TYPES OF FARMS (In % of production cost for every type of Farms) Table 10 *) Including the individuals;
Priority problems for Machine Testing Stations (MTS) of Russia to test a new machinery of domestic production and imported machines including secondhand machinery under control of Ministry of Agriculture • of Russia Federation • The main tasks of the Machine Testing Stations of Russia consist of: • -testing the new and modernized machinery concerning the requirements of standards (GOST R ); • -periodical testing of industrial produced machinery for confirmation of their manufacturing quality, exploitation- techno-logical indicators; • -testing of the new agro technologies for main crops production in different soil-climatic zones of Russia; • -informative support of the efficiency of complexes of machines and progressive technologies in agriculture; • -monitoring of manufacturing quality of agricultural machinery in different soil-climatic conditions; • -taking part in working out and introducing the new national and international standards and methodics; • -consulting the agricultural workers and specialists of Agro-Industrial Complex in using the new rules for proper application of modern technology and machinery; • -working out the specialized stands, equipments and precision instrumentations for the testing of agricultural machines; • The 10 Machine Testing Stations located in different zones of Russian Federation are testing of about 1200 annually and more than 200 testing of machines for confirmation the certificates. The MUS has financial budget support and subsidies for modernization. The useful expenditure of increased subsidies of Federal and Regional governments for the agricultural producers to buy the new techniques required more control for the effective use of budget money also not only for the testing the agricultural tractors, harvesters and other agricultural techniques in different soil-climatic zones to fit the requirements of the standards (for designation, safety and durability) but also for special tasks – to check the efficiency of adaptation of the new machinery (domestic production, imported and second-hand machinery) to the new agro technologies suitable for the main regions of Russia and which were worked out by the Russian scientists. • Now the new leadership of Ministry of Agriculture plans to evaluate the new machinery for adaptation them to 550 new agro technologies in most regions of Russian Agriculture in order to make necessary innovations and modernization agricultural machinery fleet. This helps to spread the agricultural machinery market in Russia. The Machine Testing Stations of Russia are under Ministry of Agriculture and they not depend on influence of industrial structures. We hope the new initiatives of Ministry of Agriculture will be successful.