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April 17 – AP Comp Gov – Dynastic History. Agenda: Comparison: Population Control in Iran and China Notes: Dynastic History of China Homework: Read p. 285-296 Country Briefs for Monday. Take out: Pen/Pencil Notebook Comparison of Iran/China population control.

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april 17 ap comp gov dynastic history
April 17 – AP Comp Gov – Dynastic History

Agenda:

  • Comparison: Population Control in Iran and China
  • Notes: Dynastic History of China

Homework:

  • Read p. 285-296
  • Country Briefs for Monday

Take out:

  • Pen/Pencil
  • Notebook
  • Comparison of Iran/China population control
china s dynastic history

China’s Dynastic History

ca. 5000 BCE-1901 CE

the neolithic era 5000 1500 bce
The Neolithic Era – 5000-1500 bce
  • Civilizations emerged between 5000 and 4000 B.C. E. in the North China plain
  • Hunted and worked with stone tools
  • Produced jade artifacts and ceramic pottery
  • People lived in small tribal settlements
shang dynasty 1500 1000 bce
Shang Dynasty – 1500-1000 bce
  • The first Chinese state for which clear written records remain
  • United much of north central China
  • Bronze weaponry  strength of royal military
  • First appearance of woven silk
zhou chou dyansty 1027 256 bce
Zhou (Chou) Dyansty – 1027-256 BCE
  • 1027-ca 770 BC - Zhou dynasty replaces Shang as dominant force across northern China
  • Power extended across family lines to create aristocratic cities and principalities
  • Confucianism and Taoism evolved
  • Chinese literary tradition began
  • Zhou state collapsed into chaos of Era of Warring States
ch in qin dynasty 221 206 bce
Ch’In (Qin) Dynasty – 221-206 BCE
  • King Ying ZhengUnites much of the Chinese heartland
    • First ruler to use the title "emperor" as Qin Shihuangdi("First Qin Emperor")
  • Begins massive construction projects:
    • First Great Wall of China
    • First official system of roadways
  • Empire quickly collapses after his death
han dynasty 206 bce 220 ce
Han Dynasty – 206 BCE-220 CE
  • First lasting state governing the entire Chinese heartland
  • First “golden age” marked by major inventions and progress
    • Invention of paper and glazed ceramics
    • Military expansion
    • Growth in economy
    • Centralization of government
  • Promoted Confucian ideals as the state philosophy
    • Development of state tests
    • Bureaucratic civil-service system lasted until early 20th century
  • Buddhism introduce to parts of China
  • Sought alliances with foreign powers
    • trade routes developed into the Silk road
six dynasties 220 586 ce
Six Dynasties – 220-586 CE
  • Collapse of Han state results in nearly four centuries of division between competing dynasties
    • Wars, plagues, famine
  • Political instability  questioning Confucian ideals  embrace Buddhism and Taoism
    • Ideas also spread by invention of woodblock printing
sui dyansty 581 618
Sui Dyansty – 581-618
  • Short-lived dynasty forcefully united central/southern China
  • Marked by developments in agriculture and the promotion of Buddhism
  • Development of southern China
t ang dynasty 618 906 ce
T’Ang Dynasty – 618-906 CE
  • Combined aggressive military and economic expansion with political stability and creative achievement
  • Encouraged both import and export trade along the Silk Road
  • Seen as the second “Golden Age” of Chinese history
  • Empire expands to central Asia
five dynasties 907 960 ce
Five Dynasties – 907-960 CE
  • Politically and Militarily unremarkable
  • Dominated by political unrest – controlled by five short-lived dynasties
  • Development of “China” – porcelain whiteware
northern sung song 960 1126 ce
Northern Sung (Song) – 960-1126 CE
  • Third “Golden Age” - high point of Chinese classical culture
  • Philosophical and artistic development
  • Political centralization
  • Economic growth
  • Scientific innovation
  • Adoption of Neo-Confucianism as the official state ideology
southern sung song 1127 1279 ce
Southern Sung (Song) – 1127-1279 CE
  • Invaders from Mongolia drive Chinese Empire South
  • Marked by unrest and military conflict
  • Capital established at Hangzhou (Huangzhou)
  • Trade and economy severely limited
mongol rule yuan dynasty 1280 1365 ce
Mongol Rule – Yuan Dynasty – 1280-1365 CE
  • Empire established by Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis)
  • Reopen and expand international trade
  • Marco Polo (et. al.) visit
    • Western interest in the East begins
  • Capital established at Beijing
ming dynasty 1368 1644 ce
Ming Dynasty – 1368-1644 CE
  • Established sophisticated agricultural and trade-based economy
    • Rise of a large middle-class
    • Treasure Ships – trade and discovery
  • Developed a strong centralized bureaucracy and military
  • Great Wall of China completed
  • Forbidden city constructed
ch ing qing dynasty 1644 1912 ce
Ch’ing (Qing) Dynasty – 1644-1912 CE
  • 1644 - Manchu Qing Dynasty drives out Ming.
    • Chinese empire reaches its zenith, with the annexation of Tibet, Mongolia and present-day Xinjiang (Turkestan).
  • 19th Century - Qing Dynasty begins a long decline.
    • Western powers impose "unequal treaties" that create foreign concessions in China's ports.
    • Regional warlords rise as central government atrophies.
  • 1899-1901 - "Boxer Rebellion" in Northern China seeks to stifle reforms in the Qing administration, drive out foreigners and re-establish traditional rule.
    • Rebellion defeated by foreign intervention
    • With Western powers, Russia and Japan extracted further concessions from weakened Qing government