Warm up 10 18
1 / 41

Warm-up 10/18 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Warm-up 10/18. Think back into your family history. What country did your relatives come from? . Chapter 20: Toward an Urban America. Section 1: The New Immigrants. “Old” immigrants came from northern and western Europe (Excluding slaves) prior to 1865. They were mostly Protestant

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Warm-up 10/18' - farren

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Warm up 10 18 l.jpg
Warm-up 10/18

  • Think back into your family history. What country did your relatives come from?

Section 1 the new immigrants l.jpg
Section 1: The New Immigrants

  • “Old” immigrants came from northern and western Europe (Excluding slaves) prior to 1865. They were mostly Protestant

  • “New” immigrants: Greeks, Russians, Hungarians, Italians, Turks, and Poles were among the newcomers.

  • Many now were Catholic and Jewish. They did not blend into American society as well as you think they would.

Why did they come l.jpg
Why Did They Come?

  • The “new” immigrants emigrateddue to economic hardship.

  • In Italy and Hungary jobs were scarce

  • Farmers in Serbia and Croatia could not own enough land to support their families.

  • In some countries, govt’s passed laws again certain ethnic groups- minorities who spoke different languages and followed different customs than other people in their country.

The statue of liberty l.jpg
The Statue of Liberty

  • The Statue of Liberty greeted immigrants as they sailed into New York Harbor

  • Immigrants on the east coast would have to register at Ellis Island.

  • Immigrants on the west coast coming from Asia would register at Angel Island in San Francisco Bay.

The immigrant experience l.jpg
The Immigrant Experience

  • Contrary to the rumors immigrants heard in their homeland, many struggled to find work once they reached America.

  • Many including women and children worked in sweatshops.

  • Many immigrants were forced to work 12 hour days, seven days a week.

The immigrant experience ctd l.jpg
The Immigrant Experience Ctd…

  • Many wanted to Assimilate, or become part of the American culture. At the same time, many wanted to preserve their own culture in a new country.

  • Many continued to speak their own language.

  • Children would speak only English in schools, then only their native language at home.

  • Women had more freedom in America than in their homelands. This was good, but at times caused family conflict.

The immigrant experience ctd8 l.jpg
The Immigrant Experience Ctd…

  • Many new immigrants were from rural communities. However, in America they could not afford land and had to live in the cities.

  • With little or no education they became unskilled laborers.

  • Many common ethnicities formed communities inside large cities Ex: Little Italy, Chinatown, etc…

Warm up 10 19 l.jpg
Warm-up 10/19

  • Describe the difference between a rural population and an urban population.

Nativist movement l.jpg
Nativist Movement

  • Nativists opposed immigration because they felt that immigrants were taking their jobs, which were scarce in the first place.

  • They also felt since immigrants would work for lower pay, they were making it harder for regular Americans to earn proper wages

  • Many people blamed immigrants for increasing crime, unemployment, and other problems.

New immigration laws l.jpg
New Immigration Laws

  • Lawmakers responded to the anti-immigration feeling

  • In 1882, Congress passed the first law to limit immigration, The Chinese Exclusion Act, which denied Chinese access to the U.S. for ten years

  • Japan and the U.S reached the Gentleman's agreement, which restricted Japanese immigration in return for fair treatment of current Japanese in America

Slide12 l.jpg

Slide13 l.jpg

Warm-up 10/22

  • Why did the immigrants move to the cities instead of move to the country when they arrived in America?

Section 2 moving to the city l.jpg
Section 2: Moving to the City

  • Immigrants played a huge role in City growth. In NYC, Detroit, and Chicago immigrants and their children made up more than 80% of the population in those cities.

  • Industrialization made farm work easier, and less workers were needed to work the farms

  • African Americans from the south moved to cities to avoid racism, persecution, and poverty. Many left the farms and moved North to work in industrial jobs

Growth of cities l.jpg
Growth of Cities

  • Trains made Chicago and Kansas City centers for raw materials and cattle.

  • Pittsburg became a center for iron and steel.

  • New York and San Francisco became centers of trade due to their major seaports. They had many immigrant workers who would work for low wages

Living l.jpg

  • Many immigrants lived in tenements, in which several families rented rooms in one house.

  • By the late 1800’s, these tenements became slums, because many were run down and in poor condition.

  • Many times there were more people than housing available.

Living ctd l.jpg
Living Ctd

  • Three, four, or more people lived in each room. One toilet and sink per building. There was usually only cold water.

  • In some of the bad tenements, children filled every space, door opening, window sill, just to find a space to sleep

Living ctd18 l.jpg
Living Ctd

  • Middle class people lived comfortable in the growing suburb.

  • Suburbs started to become more common because of the increases in transportation allowed people to travel faster.

  • Suburbs usually had hot water, indoor toilets, and electricity by 1900. Wealthier people had servants to handle housework.

The gilded age l.jpg
The Gilded Age

  • The Guilded Age was a topic of a Mark Twain novel that ended up describing this time period in American history. The name refers to something that is covered in a thin layer of gold.

  • America was divided between the extremely rich and the extremely poor. While the poor could barely afford food and shelter, there were rich people who blew their money at their own leisure.

Problems in cities l.jpg
Problems in Cities

  • The sudden growth in the cities provided major health problems

  • Garbage and horse manure covered the streets

  • Sewer systems were not big enough

  • Disease spread rapidly

  • Fire (Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed almost 18,000 buildings)

Warm up 10 23 l.jpg
Warm-up 10/23

  • Name a few of the living conditions inside a tenement.

Problems in cities ctd l.jpg
Problems in Cities Ctd

  • The poverty led to sections of the city with diseases. (whooping cough, diphtheria, or measles)

  • The poverty also led to crime. Many orphans resorted to picking pockets and other small crimes to get money for their next meal.

  • Gangs started to form

Solutions l.jpg

  • YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association) set up rec centers for children to play.

  • Settlement Houses provided medical care, playgrounds, nurseries, libraries, and English classes to people in poor neighborhoods. Ex. Hull House in Chicago (Founded by Jane Addams)

The changing city l.jpg
The Changing City

  • By the late 1800’s it was now possible to build taller buildings.

  • New iron and steel supports, along with the newly invented elevator, made it possible to build taller buildings.

  • A ten story office building in Chicago was the worlds largest skyscraper.

  • New York's Woolworth building was built in 1917, soared to 55 stories high.

City life l.jpg
City Life

  • Large parks were developed. ex: Central Park in NYC.

  • The world’s fair was hosted by Chicago in 1892 and 1893, and architectures around the world were amazed at American design.

  • The same time, the fair allowed American architects to use foreign designs on new buildings.

Transportation l.jpg

  • In 1867, streetcars were pulled by horses. Mark Twain complained that the city was too large to accomplish anything in one day . Horses were slow and left piles of manure.

  • In 1873 San Francisco developed cable car lines.

  • In 1888, Richmond, VA pioneered trolley cars, a motorized train powered by electricity.

Transportation27 l.jpg

  • In 1897 Boston developed an underground railroad system (Subway)

  • In 1904 NYC began construction on its own subway, which would be the largest subway in the world.

  • Bridges were built as well to make it easier for travel (Brooklyn Bridge).

Section 3 a changing culture l.jpg
Section 3: A Changing Culture

  • By 1914 80% of all children between the ages of 5 and 17 were enrolled in elementary and high/jr. high schools.

  • 1860: 100 Public high schools

  • 1900: 6,000 Public high schools

  • 1914: 12,000 Public high schools

John dewey l.jpg
John Dewey

  • Criticized schools for putting too much importance on memorization

  • Said schools should relate to the learning interests of students

  • Smart cookie

Land grant colleges l.jpg
Land Grant Colleges

The Morrill Act gave the states large amounts of federal land that could be sold to raise money for education.

States used these funds to establish colleges and Universities.

Some schools were named for their donors – Cornell (Ezra Cornell) and Stanford (Leland Stanford)

Warm up 10 24 l.jpg
Warm-up 10/24

  • 1) Copy the Criterion (Essay) Web Site into the front of your binder or in your pass book

  • http://criterion28.ets.org/ws/index.php

  • 2) Name two things that changed life in cities around 1900.

Women in college l.jpg
Women in College

  • 1865 only a handful of schools admitted

  • By 1890 women could attend a wide range of schools

  • By 1910 almost 40 percent of college students were women

African americans l.jpg
African Americans

  • The Hampton Institute in Virginia provided higher education for African Americans and Native Americans.

  • One man they educated was Booker T. Washington.

  • Washington founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama to train teachers and to provide practical education for African Americans .

  • Washington became famous for his efforts and was influential in business and politics.

Yellow journalism l.jpg
Yellow Journalism

  • A type of writing that exaggerates sensational, dramatic, and gruesome events to attract readers.

  • It was named for stories that were popular during the late 1800’s. However although interesting, these stories were often biased and sometimes false

Leisure time l.jpg
Leisure Time

  • For fun, many Americans listened to jazz and ragtime music. Ragtime was related to jazz.

  • Orchestra’s became some of the world’s finest. Popular ones included Philadelphia, Boston, and the Metropolitan Opera House in NYC.

Vaudeville l.jpg

  • Shows with dancing, singing, comedy, and magic acts.

Name the top 7 countries new immigrants came from 100 points l.jpg
Name the top 7 countries “New Immigrants came from (100 Points

  • Greece

  • Russia

  • Italy

  • Hungary

  • Serbia

  • Poland

  • Turkey

Name the top 7 influential people in this chapter 200 points l.jpg
Name the top 7 influential Pointspeople in this chapter (200 Points)

  • Jacob Riis (Newspaper writer)

  • Jane Addams (Hull House)

  • John Dewey ( Leader in Education)

  • Booker T. Washington ( Set up African American Schools)

  • Mark Twain (Wrote about the Gilded Age)

  • Andrew Carnegie (Donated more than 30 million $$$ to the opening of public libraries)

  • William Randolph Hearst (Newspaper Writer)

Name the top 7 features of city life 300 points l.jpg
Name the top 7 features of city life(300 Points) Points

  • Skyscrapers

  • Mass Transit (Subway)

  • Tenements

  • Slums

  • Settlement Houses

  • YMCA’s

  • Bridges (Brooklyn Bridge)

Top 7 problems immigrants faced in america 1 000 000 000 000 l.jpg
Top 7 Problems Immigrants faced In America (1,000,000,000,000)

  • Sweatshops

  • No Education

  • Low Pay

  • Steerage

  • Nativism (Nativist Movement)

  • Immigration Laws (Chinese Exclusion Act)

  • Women adapting to America