Homophones and Hyphens - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Homophones and Hyphens

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  1. Homophones and Hyphens

  2. Words that sound alike or nearly alike but have different meanings and spellings are called homophones. affect: (verb) to exert influence effect: (verb) to accomplish; (noun) result principal: (adj.) most important; (noun) head of a school principle: (noun) a general or fundamental truth Homophones

  3. Homophones

  4. Use a hyphen to connect two or more words functioning together as an adjective before a noun. • Mrs. Douglas gave Toshiko a seashell and some newspaper-wrapped fish to take home to her mother. • Richa Gupta is not yet a well-known candidate. The Hyphen

  5. Generally, do not use a hyphen when such compounds follow the noun. - After our television campaign, Richa Gupta will be well known. • Do not use a hyphen to connect ly adverbs to the words they modify. - A slowly moving truck tied up traffic. The Hyphen

  6. Hyphenate the written form of fractions and of compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine. • One-fourth of my salary goes to pay child care expenses. • Use a hyphen with the prefixes all, ex, and self and the suffix –elect. • The charity is funneling more money into self-help products • Anne King is our club’s president-elect. The Hyphen

  7. A hyphen is used in some words to avoid ambiguity or to separate awkward double or triple letters. • Without the hyphen there would be no way to distinguish between words such as re-creation and recreation. • Hyphens are sometimes used to separate double or triple letters in compound words. • Anti-intellectual; cross-stitch. The Hyphen

  8. If a word must be divided at the end of a line, divide it correctly. • Divide words between syllables; never divide a one-syllable word. When I returned from my semester over seas, I didn’t recog- nize one face on the magazine covers. The Hyphen

  9. Never divide a word so that a single letter stands alone at the end of a line or fewer than three letters begin a line. • She’ll bring her brother with her when she comes a-gain. (WRONG) • As audience to the play The Mousetrap, Hamlet is a watch-er watching watchers. (WRONG) The Hyphen

  10. When dividing a compound word at the end of a line, either make the break between the words that form the compound or put the whole word on the next line. • My niece Marielena is determined to become a long-dis-tance runner. (WRONG) The Hyphen