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Today's Prayer – Oración de hoy. Prayer - September 10, 2013

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today s prayer oraci n de hoy
Today's Prayer – Oración de hoy

Prayer - September 10, 2013

Lord Jesus, you spent a night in prayer before you called your disciples in the beginning of our Church. The Twelve placed their faith, hope, and trust in you. May we join this group with our faith in you, with our hope in your mercy, and with our trust in your providing care. Amen. Father Bill Simmons, C.S.C.

los adjetivos adjectives

Los adjetivosAdjectives

Adjectives perform what function in a sentence?

gender agreement
Gender Agreement

You already know that every word in Spanish has a gender:

masculine or feminine.

El chico = masculine

El vestido (dress) = masculine

La chica = feminine

La camisa (shirt) = feminine

gender agreement pg 59
Gender Agreement (pg 59)
  • Adjectives describe nouns.
    • Ex: the fast car, the red dress, the happy girl.
  • Like the definite (el, la, los, las) and indefinite articles (un,unos, una, unas), the adjectives will also “agree” or “match” with the noun it describes based on:
  • gender
    • Masculine / feminine
  • Number
    • Singular (one) / plural (more than one)
gender agreement pg 591
Gender Agreement (pg 59)

In English, you say “the red shirt.”

In Spanish, you need to do the following:

  • Decide the gender of the noun.
  • Decide the number of the noun.
  • Form the adjective to match.
  • Put the adjective AFTER the noun.

(This is almost always the rule in Spanish)

ADJECTIVE AFTER!!!!

slide6

serios

seria

serias

interesantes

interesante

interesantes

azul

azules

azules

trabajadores

trabajadoras

trabajadora

gender agreement1
Gender Agreement
  • So, “The red shirt.”

The shirt = la camisa.

red = rojo.

1.Gender of the noun?

La camisa = feminine

2. Number?

One shirt = singular.

3. I need to form the adjective to agree with the noun.

Make rojo feminine = roja.

4. Put the adjective after the noun:

La camisa roja.

slide8
What if it’s plural????

Let’s try “The black pants.”

Los pantalones = pants.

Negro = black.

1. Gender?

Los = masculine.

2. Number?

Los is plural, because “el” is the article for a singular masculine noun.

The adjective has to become masculine and plural.

Negro -> negros.

Adjective After = Los pantalones negros.

gender agreement pg 592
Gender Agreement (pg 59)
  • Note: For adjectives that end in “e,” they usually match both genders:
    • Elchico paciente, la chica paciente.
    • El sombrero verde, la falda verde.
  • Many adjectives that end with a consonant match both genders:
    • El sombrero azul, la falda azul.
  • Some add “a” to become feminine. These adjectives must be learned.
    • El chico trabajador, La chica trabajadora.
gender agreement pg 593
Gender Agreement (pg 59)

Your turn! Use your vocab lists to describe the following:

  • The yellow dress=

El vestido amarillo

2.The red shirts. ___________________

3.The blue skirt. ___________________

  • The blonde girl. _______________

5. The orange pants. ________________

gender agreement2
Gender Agreement

Using ES to describe something:

You can use “ES” plus the adjective to describe a noun.

Remember, you use “es” for one object, “son” for more than one.

The shirt is red = La camisa es roja.

The shoes are black = Los zapatos son negros.

gender agreement pg 594
Gender Agreement (pg 59)
  • The dress is white.

___El vestido es blanco.__

2. The shirts are blue.

____Las camisas son azules.___

3. The skirt is red.

___La falda es roja.___

describing yourself
Describing Yourself
  • To describe ourselves, we use the word soy (I am).
  • Example: I am funny. Yo soy gracioso.
  • Example: I am serious. Yo soy serio.
  • What would change if a girl were speaking?
  • Yo soy graciosa. Yo soy seria. Yo soy inteligente.
describing others
Describing Others

He/she is…

  • He is funny. Es cómico.
  • She is funny. Es cómica.
  • Jake es serio. Courtney es graciosa.

They are…

  • Jake y Chris son serios.
  • Courtney y Breland son serias.
la tarea
La tarea
  • On a loose-leaf piece of paper, you are to write fifteen sentences:
    • 5 describing yourself
    • 5 describing someone else who is male (father, brother, friend)
    • 5 describing someone else who is female (mother, sister, friend)
gender agreement pg 595
Gender Agreement (pg 59)
  • Let’s throw in some indefinite articles:
  • A brown jacket.

__________________________

2. Some white skirts.

____________________

3. A green hat.

____________________

4. Some orange pants.

______________________

gender agreement pg 596
Gender Agreement (pg 59)

Mix-up! Try these with a partner:

  • The sweater is white.
  • The girl is hard-working.
  • The teacher (m) is boring.
  • The blue pants.
  • The jacket is purple.
  • Some yellow sweaters.
practice match and write out
Practice. Match and write out
  • the tall boy
  • the comical girls
  • the blond girl
  • the tall girls
  • the comical boy
  • the tall girl
  • the blond boys
  • the comical girl
  • the comical boys
  • the blond boy
  • the tall boys
  • the blond girls
    • a. Los muchachos rubios
  • b. La muchacha alta
  • c. El muchacho cómico
  • d. Las muchachas cómicas
  • e. El muchacho rubio
  • f. Las muchachas altas
  • g. La muchacha rubia
  • h. Los muchachos altos
  • i. La muchacha cómica
  • j. El muchacho alto
  • k. Las muchachas rubias
  • l. Los muchachos cómicos