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St . Augustine: Prayer of the HS . Breathe in me, O Holy Spirit, that my thoughts may all be holy.  Act in me, O Holy Spirit, that my work, too, may be holy.  Draw my heart, O Holy Spirit, that I love but what is holy.  Strengthen me, O Holy Spirit, to defend all that is holy. 

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st augustine prayer of the hs
St. Augustine: Prayer of the HS

Breathe in me, O Holy Spirit, that my thoughts may all be holy. 

Act in me, O Holy Spirit, that my work, too, may be holy. 

Draw my heart, O Holy Spirit, that I love but what is holy. 

Strengthen me, O Holy Spirit, to defend all that is holy. 

Guard me, then, O Holy Spirit, that I always may be holy. 


  • HW:
    • Friday: None
    • Monday: Crossword puzzle
before we leave class
Before we Leave Class…
  • Marianist’s Doxology:

May the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit be glorified in all places through the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Amen.

church history
Church History…
  • Is the record of the life of Jesus, the actions of men, and the guiding light of the Holy Spirit.
church history1
Church History…
  • Began with the initial evangelization of the Apostles.
  • Can one say that Church History began with Creation??
  • The combining of Greek culture, manners, and thought with other elements taken from conquered civilizations.
Hellenism …
  • Is NOT a pure Greek culture
alexander the great 356 323 b c
Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.)
  • Fearless and strong
  • Tamed a wild horse (Bucephalus)
  • Tutored by Aristotle
  • Hellenism
  • Wanted Unity
effect of hellenism
Effect of Hellenism . . .
  • Greek religion provided language and philosophy which aided the further development of Judaism and Christianity
  • Everything is ultimately attributed to a single universe cause, “First Mover”
  • Every animate being can move itself only because it has a soul
  • Criticized ancient gods
  • ONE Supreme Being
  • Immortality of the human soul
the founding of rome
The Founding of Rome
  • Romulus and Remus
  • April 21, 753 B.C. –monarch
  • The Republic of Rome: 509 B.C.
augustus cesar 63 b c 14 a d
Augustus Cesar . . .63 B.C. – 14 A.D.
  • Brilliant politician
  • Demanded control from Roman Senate (27 B.C.)
  • Grand nephew of Julius Cesar
augustus cesar
Augustus Cesar
  • Pax Romana
pax romana
Pax Romana . . .
  • 200years of peace
  • Provided for the safe journey of traders and travelers
  • Made communication possible
the roman roads
The Roman Roads…
  • Provided for the spread of Christianity
roman religion
Roman Religion
  • Imported from Greece
  • Exempted Jews from Sacrificing to their gods
  • Roman gods became literary figures
  • Sacrifices held outside the temples
  • Temples served as reminders to pray
roman religion of the state
Roman Religion of the State
  • Looked after the Roman people
  • pontifexmaximus –head of the Roman state religion
  • Religious festivals held monthly
roman religion in the home
Roman Religion in the Home
  • Women were required to guard and preserve the fire in the hearth where sacrifices were made
  • Household spirits:

lares = spirits of the family ancestors

penates = spirits of the larder (kept the family fed)

  • Births, marriages, and deaths were all celebrated with special rituals
  • Held very high moral standards
  • Materialists: Fire
  • Determinists
stoics believed
Stoics Believed…
  • The purpose of philosophy was to understand the law of nature, and obey and adjust to it.
the jews of ancient israel
The Jews of Ancient Israel…
  • Believed that they served a special purpose
the history of the jews
The History of the Jews
  • Began with the covenant that God made with Abraham
  • God made an unconditional covenant (Genesis 12: 13 and 15:18-21)
the jewish community
The Jewish Community
  • Became more united through the gift of God’s Law given to Moses
staples of jewish life
Staples of Jewish Life
  • Reading the Torah
  • Sacrificial Worship
the ot depicts
The OT Depicts…
  • That the Jewish people lived solely by the Law of the OT
70 a d
70 A.D.
  • The temple in Jerusalem fell to the Babylonians
  • The Jews were cast out by the Romans
three groups of jewish people
Three Groups of Jewish People
  • Pharisees
  • Sadducees
  • Essenes
the pharisees
The Pharisees . . .
  • Did NOT enjoy the material benefits of the Roman Rule and Hellenistic civilization
the pharisees1
The Pharisees . . .
  • Were faithful to the Old Law
  • Debated as to how the Law should be applied
  • (Matthew 23: 27)
the pharisees believed
The Pharisees Believed. . .
  • In the Final Resurrection
  • In angels
the sadducees
The Sadducees . . .
  • Conservative Jews
  • Belonged to the Jewish aristocracy
  • Centered on the Temple
the sadducees1
The Sadducees . . .
  • Favored by the Romans
  • Rejected doctrines of the Pharisees
Essenes . . .
  • Jews who retreated into the desert to live a life of prayer
the essenes incorporated
The Essenes Incorporated . . .
  • A communal meal
  • Baptism
the essenes
The Essenes . . .
  • Connected to the Dead Sea Scrolls (only surviving Biblical documents made before A.D. 100)
the sanhedrin
The Sanhedrin . . .
  • Jewish High court
  • Comprised of mostly Sadducees (Pharisees did participate, but very few did)
the diaspora
The Diaspora. . .
  • Refers to the Jews who scattered throughout the world
  • Aided the spread of Christianity
  • Septuagint