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Goals: To understand the causes of the war To understand American military tactics in the war. The Spanish-American War. Cuba Libre !. Americans were heavily invested in Cuban sugar plantations 1895 – Jose Marti led rebels to call for independence Guerilla tactics against Spanish forces

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goals to understand the causes of the war to understand american military tactics in the war
Goals:

To understand the causes of the war

To understand American military tactics in the war

The Spanish-American War

cuba libre
Cuba Libre!
  • Americans were heavily invested in Cuban sugar plantations
  • 1895 – Jose Marti led rebels to call for independence
  • Guerilla tactics against Spanish forces
  • Spanish General Weyler herded rural population into concentration camps
  • America saw Cuba as its “little brother” and sympathized with the Cuban rebels
yellow press inflames opinion
Yellow Press Inflames Opinion
  • Many journalists increased the public’s dislike of Spain, called yellow press
  • Many publications compared Cuban rebels to patriots of the American revolution
  • Under the Monroe Doctrine, the US warned Spain to establish peace quickly…or else
  • US sent the USS Maine to Havana to protect American citizens in Cuba
remember the maine
Remember the Maine!!!
  • American jingoism (extreme nationalism) began to develop
  • The USS Maine exploded in Havana Harbor
  • 266/350 on board died and the American public cried for revenge on the Spanish
  • 1898 – McKinley called for an investigation of the explosion
  • It was determined it was a mine, but no signs pointed to Spain
the stars and stripes to war
The Stars and Stripes to War
  • Americans implored “Remember the Maine!”
  • Spain agreed to close the concentration camps to keep America out of it
  • April 11, 1898 – McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain to end the Cuban crisis
  • Congress made clear with the Teller Amendment that the US had no interest in annexing Cuba
  • The Navy was sent in and the fight was on!
taking the fight across the globe
Taking the fight across the globe
  • 1 May 1898 – Comm. George Dewey defeated the Spanish navy in Manila Bay in the Philippines
  • Filipino nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo led rebels to defeat the Spanish on land
  • The Spanish surrendered the Philippines to the United States
us forces in cuba
US Forces in Cuba
  • June 1898 – US troops land in Cuba
  • Guantanamo Bay was captured by US Marines OOHRAH!
  • US Army stormed Santiago
  • US military suffered from obsolete weapons, heavy wool uniforms, and contaminated food
  • US military was being trained and shipped out of Tampa, FL
send in the cavalry
Send in the Cavalry
  • African-Americans served in the 9th and 10th Cavalry regiments
  • Theodore Roosevelt commanded the “Rough Riders”, a cavalry unit that relished the “strenuous life”
  • Rough Riders gained fame in the Battle of San Juan Hill outside of Santiago
spain s last breath
Spain’s last breath
  • Spanish Navy made a desperate attempt to escape from Santiago’s harbor
  • US blockaded the harbor and destroyed the fleet
  • US forces also occupied Puerto Rico and fighting came to a close
  • Of the 3000 Americans who died in the war, only 380 died in combat (rest from disease)
1898 treaty of paris
1898 Treaty of Paris
  • Spain gave up control of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam
  • Spain sold the Philippines to the US for $20 million
  • Debate formulated over what to do with the newly acquired possessions
  • The US government felt it was their responsibility to govern the Filipinos
  • Many Americans felt this was imperialism
new role in the world
New Role in the World
  • US Senate ratified the Treaty of Paris by one vote
  • McKinley was re-elected president as Teddy Roosevelt became vice-president
  • This signaled America’s faith in imperialistic policies
  • The US now had an empire and a new status in world affairs (Philippines, Hawaii, Guam, Puerto Rico)