Rabies. By: Zachree Terrill Simonoff Biology. Rabies on a Microscopic Level. belongs to the Mononegavirales order, which are viruses with non-segmented and negative stranded RNA genome Part of Rhabdoviridae family This family is Recognizable by its distinct bullet shape
Rabies By: Zachree Terrill Simonoff Biology
Rabies on a Microscopic Level • belongs to the Mononegavirales order, which are viruses with non-segmented and negative stranded RNA genome • Part of Rhabdoviridae family • This family is Recognizable by its distinct bullet shape • Family includes at least three genera of animal viruses, which are Lyssavirus, Ephemerovirus, and Vesiculovirus
Rabies on The Microscopic level cont. • Rabies virus is included in the Lyssavirus genus along with many other viruses that infect mammals • The Rhabdoviruses are about 180 nm long and 75 nm wide • The rabies genome encodes five proteins: nucleoprotein (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), glycoprotein (G) and polymerase (L). • The arrangement of these five proteins and the RNA genome determine what the structure of the rabies virus will be
Minor Symptoms • Fever • Headaches • Nausea • General Discomfort
Major Symptoms • Anxiety • Agitation • Insomnia • Confusion • Partial paralysis • Excitation • Hallucinations • Hyper salivation • Difficulty swallowing • Hydrophobia
Deathrate of People who contract Rabies • 100% mortality rate when left untreated • Kills nearly 60,000 people every year worldwide • One of our major concerns worldwide • U.S. has only 200 cases of dog rabies a year • Still a large reservoir of rabies in wildlife such as raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes • Only 35 recorded cases of rabies in humans from 1990 to 2003 in the U.S.
Work Cited • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 09 Mar. 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/rabies/>. • "Disease Carriers." Explore the Microscopic World of Health Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://www.wadsworth.org/databank/rabies.htm>. • "Rabies." Symptoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rabies/basics/symptoms/con-20019900>.