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Auto-ID Center Connecting the world

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Auto-ID Center Connecting the world

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  1. auto-id center Auto-ID Center Connecting the world David Brock, Co-Founder and Director Auto-ID Center Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  2. auto-id center • Mission • Merge bits and atoms • Task • Create the standards and systems to enable the Internet of Things

  3. background AUTO-ID CENTER - Founded October 1, 1999 • US Center Headquarters at MIT, USA • European Centers Cambridge University, ENGLAND University of St. Galan, SWITZERLAND • Pacific Center University of Adelaide, AUSTRAILIA • China Center Fudan University, Shanghai, CHINA • Japan Center Keio University, Tokyo, JAPAN • South American Center University of San Paulo, BRAZIL • African Center University of Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA

  4. about the center • End User Sponsors • Abbott Laboratories, Ahold, Best Buy Corporation, Canon Inc., Carrerfour, Chep International, Coca-Cola, CVS, Dai Nippon Printing, Department of Defense, Ean International, Eastman Kodak, Home Depot, International Paper, Johnson & Johnson, Kellogg’s, Kimberly-Clark, Kraft, Lowes Companies, Inc., Mead Westvaco, Metro, Mitsui & Co, Ltd., Nestle Purina, Pepsi Bottling Group, PepsiCo, Pfizer, Philip Morris US, Procter and Gamble Company, Sara Lee, Smurfit Stone, Target Corp., Tesco Stores Ltd., The Gillette Company, Toppan Printing, Uniform Code Council, Unilever, United States Postal Service, UPS, Visy Industries, Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Wegmans Food Markets, Inc., Yuen Foong Yu Paper Mfg. Co. LTD.

  5. about the center • Vendor Sponsors • Accenture, ACNielsen, ADT/Sensormatic, Alien Technology, Avery Dennison, Applied Wireless ID, Arbitron, Avery Dennison, AWID, British Telecom, Cap Gemini Ernst & Young, Cash's, Catalina Marketing Corp, Checkpoint Systems, Inc., Composite Materials PLC, ConnecTerra, Inc., Display Edge, Ember Corporation, Embrace Networks, Flexchip AG, Flint Ink, GEA Consulting, GlobeRanger, IBM. IDTechEx, Imping Inc., Information Resources, Inc., Intel, Intermec, Invensys PLC, Ishida, KSW Manhattan Associates, Markem Corp., Matrics, Microtec AG, Morningside Technologies, NCR Corporation, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, NTT Comware, OATSystems, Omron, Philips Semiconductors, Provia Software, PSC, Rafsec, RF Saw Components, SAMSYS, SAP, Savi Technology, Sensitech, Sensormatic Electronics Corp, Siemens Dematic Corp., STMicroelectronics, Sun Microsystems, Symbol Technologies, TAGSYS, ThingMagic, Toppan Forms, Toray International, Inc., UNISYS, Vizional Technologies, Vizional, Zebra Technologies Corporation

  6. about the center • Trade Bodies American Trucking Association (ATA), Association for Retail Technology Standards (ARTS) also NRF, Auto-ID Manufacturers (AIM), Canadian Council of Grocery Distributors, Consumer Electronics Association (CEA), Efficient Consumer Response Europe (ECR Europe), Electronic Commerce Council of Canada, Food Marketing Institute (FMI), Global Commerce Initiative (GCI), Grocery Manufacturers of America (GMA), Healthcare Distribution Management Association (HDMA), International Federation of Pharmaceutical Wholesalers (IFPW), International Hologram Manufactures Association (IHMA) (Reconnaissance Intl), International Mass Retail Association (IMRA), Material Handling Industry of America (MHIA), National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS), National Association of Convenience Stores (NACS), National Retail Federation (NRF) also ARTS, Point of Purchasing Advertising International (POPAI), Produce Marketing Association (PMA), Uniform and Textile Services Association (UTSA)

  7. Network Network Network intelligent infrastructure • TAGS RFID • EPC Electronic Product Code • ONS Object Name Service • PML Physical Markup Language • SavantTM Distributed Operating System Remote Host Local Host Reader Product PML ONS Savant Tag EPC

  8. tag

  9. tag: cheap chip 100mm

  10. tag: cheap manufacturing

  11. 01.0203D2A.916E8B.0719BAE03C epc - electronic product code Header 8 bits 256 Serial Number 36 bits 68,719,476,736 EPC Manager 28 bits 268,435,456 Object Class 24 bits 16,777,216 Items 1,152,921,504,606,846,976

  12. ons – object naming service • Redirection Service • acts as telephone book in reverse • based upon Domain Name Service (DNS)

  13. pml – physical markup language • Language for describing physical objects • classification and categorization

  14. savanttm – operating system for epc “National” Savant “Regional” Savant Savant “Store” Savant Savant data readers machines sensors

  15. making it real • One dozen EPC pilot trials • Gillette purchases 500 million EPC tags • Wal*Mart requires top 150 suppliers to put RFID tags on shipping creates and pallets by January 2005 and all 25,000 suppliers by January 2006 – Computer World June 16, 2003. • 1 Billion RFID tags with embedded Electronic Product Code (EPC) for tracking and identification of items at the individual create and pallet level – Pam Kohn V.P. Global Supply Chain Operations Wal*Mart. • United States Department of Defense (DoD) mandates RFID for higher value items. • United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandates RFID for pharmaceutical supply chain.

  16. what can you use it for?

  17. real-time supply chain management… Real-time logistics data

  18. …in the warehouse…

  19. …and on the shelf

  20. prevents theft…

  21. … and counterfeit products

  22. …to disposal

  23. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

  24. continuing the revolution…

  25. Network special interest group (SIG)web services

  26. china / hong-kong

  27. Pre-planning External tractor External tractor Internal tractor External tractor Transportation company Hong Kong International Terminal (HIT) The flow of information The flow of Containers (or empty tractor) Ocean Carrier The terminal management system of HIT (Productivity Plus Program) 3P system* IES : Information Exchange Service TID: Tractor Identity Card china / hong-kong Terminal Gate Container Yard Scan TID* Container No. Weight , Size, Type Gantry Cranes Check seal of the customs Ground Containers Real-time container Movement and inventory information Vehicle Arrival Radio/Fiber Optics HIT* Systems Pager Yard Planner 3P system* Information of Yard Area to ground EDI / IES* Terminal Exit Gate Inspect Container Quayside Enter Data (Shipper’s Seal No. & Container No.) Quay Cranes Load Containers onto a vessel Scan TID Pier Checkers & Stevedores Print Terminal Receipt Exchange loading information

  28. sensor data…

  29. example: fresh food Current Type 3 Tag w/Temp Sensor Next Generation Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) 350 Micron NanoBlock™ chips

  30. example: fresh food

  31. example: fresh food

  32. EXAMPLE – SHELF LIFE

  33. What are you going to do with all this Data?

  34. DATA CENTER DATA CENTERMake sense of your data David Brock, Founder and Director Data Center Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  35. VISION Model B Model A Model C Database C Database A Database B

  36. EXAMPLE - LOGISTICS

  37. EXAMPLE - LOGISTICS

  38. MODELS

  39. MODELS Model

  40. Model MODELS

  41. MODELS

  42. VISION Mission • Make sense of the data Task • Create the standards and systems for interoperable data and modeling

  43. M M A Modeling Language

  44. EXAMPLE Shelf-life Example

  45. EXAMPLE – SHELF LIFE

  46. EXAMPLE – SHELF LIFE Variables • Ea Activation energy • k1 Arrhenius constant • n Order of the reaction • T Temperature • Q Quality • t Time

  47. EXAMPLE – SHELF LIFE

  48. EXAMPLE – SHELF LIFE Q ? Keep or Toss T n, k1, Ea T PML