the case of the scarlett streak mineral identification n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
THE CASE OF THE SCARLETT STREAK: MINERAL IDENTIFICATION PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
THE CASE OF THE SCARLETT STREAK: MINERAL IDENTIFICATION

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 37
eyal

THE CASE OF THE SCARLETT STREAK: MINERAL IDENTIFICATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

0 Views
Download Presentation
THE CASE OF THE SCARLETT STREAK: MINERAL IDENTIFICATION
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. THE CASE OF THE SCARLETT STREAK:MINERAL IDENTIFICATION Virginia T. McLemore New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources New Mexico Tech

  2. What is a mineral?

  3. What is a mineral? • naturally occurring • inorganic • solid • homogeneous • crystalline material • with a unique chemical element or compound with a set chemical formula • usually obtained from the ground

  4. A crystal is composed of a structural unit that is repeated in three dimensions. This is the basic structural unit of a crystal of sodium chloride, the mineral halite.

  5. Why are minerals important?

  6. Why are minerals important? • Identification of rocks • commodities that we use every day • foundation of understanding geology and geologic processes that affect us everyday • understanding geologic hazards

  7. NEW MEXICO MINING: WHERE ARE THE DEPOSITS?

  8. New Mexico is at the edge of one of the world’s greatest metal-bearing provinces

  9. Active mines in New Mexico 2002-2005 (excluding aggregates)

  10. Active aggregate mines in New Mexico.

  11. Stone House zeolite mine, Sierra County (18.3 million tons of reserves).

  12. Metals districts with Significant depositsin New Mexico

  13. Minerals have distinctive physical and chemical properties that allow for their identification.

  14. Habit (Crystal forms and shapes) Hardness Cleavage Streak Color Luster Transparency Twinning Fracture Specific Gravity Associated Minerals Fluorescence Magnetism Odor Feel Taste Solubility Reaction to acids Radioactive minerals Meteoritic minerals Properties of minerals

  15. Hardness

  16. Hardness • ease or difficulty with which the mineral can be scratched • controlled by the strength of bonds between atoms

  17. Cleavage

  18. Cleavage • Way the mineral breaks or fractures • one direction of weakness, or in other minerals, 2, 3, 4, or as many as 6 may be present • determine the angular relation between the resulting cleavage surfaces • perpendicular • acute • obtuse

  19. www.ironorchid.com/minerals/

  20. From:geology.csupomona.edu/alert/mineral/minerals.htm

  21. Streak

  22. color of a mineral when it is powdered crushing and powdering a mineral eliminates some of the effects of impurities and structural flaws Black - Graphite Black - Pyrite Black - Magnetite Black - Chalcopyrite Gray - Galena Limonite - Yellow-brown Hematite - Red-brown Streak

  23. From:geology.csupomona.edu/alert/mineral/minerals.htm

  24. academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/geology/leveson/core/linksa/mineral_id...academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/geology/leveson/core/linksa/mineral_id...

  25. Luster

  26. way a mineral’s surface reflects light metallic earthy waxy greasy vitreous (glassy) adamantine (or brilliant, as in a faceted diamond) Luster From:geology.csupomona.edu/alert/mineral/minerals.htm

  27. www.ironorchid.com/minerals/

  28. Habit (Crystal forms and shapes) Hardness Cleavage Streak Color Luster Transparency Twinning Fracture Specific Gravity Associated Minerals Fluorescence Magnetism Odor Feel Taste Solubility Reaction to acids Radioactive minerals Meteoritic minerals Properties of minerals

  29. Color From:geology.csupomona.edu/alert/mineral/minerals.htm

  30. Crystal shape six crystal systems governed by the mineral's internal structure triclinic monoclinic orthorhombic tetragonal hexagonal isometric Habit From:geology.csupomona.edu/alert/mineral/minerals.htm

  31. Specific Gravity • specific gravity • ratio of mineral density to the density of water • similar to weight • density • ratio of the mass of a mineral to its volume

  32. academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/geology/leveson/core/linksa/mineral_id...academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/geology/leveson/core/linksa/mineral_id...

  33. academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/geology/leveson/core/linksa/mineral_id...academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/geology/leveson/core/linksa/mineral_id...