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Knowledge markets or knowledge spillovers in Canadian Human Health Biotechnology. Johanne Queenton UQAM, Canada Research Chair in MOT ISRN 6 th Annual Meeting, Vancouver May 15, 2004. Knowledge economy.
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UQAM, Canada Research Chair in MOT
ISRN 6th Annual Meeting, Vancouver
May 15, 2004
Access to relations with strong intensity of knowledge (Foray, 2000) = Competitive advantage
Innovation sources : Interactions between firm scientists, universities and public institutions (Powell, 1996).
Key feature: Interdependence in the development of technological innovations
Study of two forms:
2. Movement of people: Interactions are more geographically delimited when a bioscientist is really involved in the creation of a SBFs (Audretsch & Stephan, 1996)
« Knowledge spillovers geographically delimited allowing near important knowledge sources to introduce more rapidly innovations than firms located elsewhere » (Breschi & Lissoni, 2001).
« Pure knowledge externalities do not applied in biotechnology, it is more and more market and non-market transactions » (Zucker et al., 1998).
« More and more contractual and proprietary links in competitive markets » (Zucker et al., 1998)
Specific types of links of bioscientists with SBFs
Database on Canadian SBFs in human health: Sampling with assignees patents
Goal: Relate knowledge flows within innovation systems and biotechnology clusters
Sources: Canadian Biotech. Directory 2001,2002, B2B Industry Guide - Contact Canada, Canadian Biotech. Firms Annual Reports, SBFs Web Sites, Strategis – Industry Canada, Statistics Canada
3 types of involved researchers in economic development of biotechnology:
Type of externality in biotechnology: + than just knowledge spillovers , + and + market and non-market transactions
Among the studied population:
Measures of 2 I (innovation & interdependence)
Innovation: Canadian SBFs Patents
Interdependence: interaction of scientific & technological development, entrepreneurship – central in biotechnology
Involved stakeholders - Connections
Contractactual Relationships or proprietary links
Challenges in competitive markets
Star Scientists Typology Bio-Scientists Typology