SIMPLE PRESENT &PRESENT CONTINUOUS BEGINNER B/BASIC B
THE SIMPLE PRESENT • USE: • We use the simple present to describe routines, habits and frequency. • Examples:
THE SIMPLE PRESENT STRUCTURE
Affirmative SentencesSimple Present I take a shower every day. You sometimes ride on a bus. She goes shopping every week. They have lunch at 12:30 p.m. • The sentences describe routines or habits. • The adverbs indicate frequency.
Negative SentencesSimple Present I don’t ride on a bus very often. My father doesn’t have lunch at home. He doesn’t go shopping on weekdays. Some people don’t take a shower every day. • routines or habits. • adverbs indicate frequency.
Interrogative SentencesSimple Present Do you have to take a bus to come to school? Does she go shopping very often? Do they have lunch at the school? Does your brother take a shower in the evening? • routines or habits. • adverbs indicate frequency.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present FREQUENCY ADVERBS 100% always almost always usually/often sometimes occasionally rarely/seldom hardly ever 0% never
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present General rule: FREQUENCY ADVERB + VERB Iusually go to the English course in the afternoon. She alwaysbuys snacks at the cafeteria. They nevertake the bus to go back home.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present Exceptions • Verb to be They areusuallyat CMBH in the morning. verb + adv.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present Exceptions • Sometimes,usually,often,generallyand occasionaly can be used at the beginning or the end of a sentence. ONLY these adverbs. Sometimes I clean the house. I clean the house sometimes. I oftendrink milk in the morning. I drink milk in the morning often.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present NEGATIVE SENTENCES General rule: FREQUENCY ADVERB + VERB or VERB +FREQUENCY ADVERB She doesn’tusuallygo to the supermarket. She usuallydoesn’tgo to the supermarket.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present Exceptions • Always (negative sentences) NEGATIVE VERB +ALWAYS Idon’talwaysclean my house. She doesn’talwayseat meat for lunch. I always don’t play soccer.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present Exceptions NEVER NEVER+ AFFIRMATIVE VERB Inever clean my house. He alwayseats meat for lunch. I don’t never clean my house.
Frequency Adverbs withSimple Present TIME EXPRESSIONS every week / every other day once a month / twice a year three times a day I visit my grandma once a month. end of sentence Once a month, I visit my grandma. beginning of sentence
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS • USE: We use the present continuous to describe: • actions in progress now or • future plans.
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS STRUCTURE VERB TO BE +VERB _ ING Wearehaving an English class. They aretraveling next month.
Present Continuous Affirmative They areplaying golf. (now) They areplaying golf next week. (future) Negative She is not watching a movie. (now) She is not going out tonight. (future) Interrogative Are you paying attention? (now) Are you coming to the party on Saturday? (future)
Present Continuous NON-ACTION VERBS miss know like love need see understand want Almost never used in present continuous I’m knowing a new friend. She’s liking the TV show. He is understanding the explanation.
Present Continuous vs. Simple Present They arestudying Math. (now) They study Math every Monday. (routine) She is not having dinner tonight. (future) She alwayshave dinner at night. (routine) Are you talking on the phone? (now) Do you oftentalk on the phone ?(routine)
EXERCISES • Whatdotheydo? • Whataretheydoing? Answerthequestionsusingthe simplepresentandthepresentcontinuous.