Agenda • Goodbye West, Hello Immigration! • Push and Pull Factors • Ellis and Angel Islands
Before we start… Homework: Vocabulary Write the word and definition on loose leaf or index cards. old immigrants new immigrants tenements sweatshops benevolent societies suburbs mass culture mass transit settlement house Chinese Exclusion Act
People who want a better life; poor people; Irish; Italian; Jewish; Chinese; foreigners The movement of people from one country to another Who? What? Immigration Why leave home? Where to go? No money; no jobs; bad land; oppressive government; discrimination; religious persecution Good land; opportunities for money, jobs, and freedom; religious tolerance; democracy
Push and Pull Factors Push Pull • -things you want to get away from • War • Poverty • Bad weather • Oppressive government • No jobs … -things you want • Peace/safety • Opportunities for wealth • Good climate • Democracy/freedom • Jobs…
American Dream v. American Reality Rags to riches Employment • Whole family worked, even children • Long hours - 16 hour days • Children are small • Do dangerous jobs • fit in tight spaces • No time for school or play • Horatio Algers, author • Books about immigrants succeeding • Immigrant arrives in U.S. • Immigrant works long and hard • Immigrant becomes powerful & rich • Stories inspired immigrants.
Where do immigrants go first? In California Asian immigrants Discrimination Detained for questioning Angel Island Ellis Island In New York City European immigrants Examinations before accepted Detained for questioning
Exit Activity: Immigrant Journal Put yourself in the shoes of a new immigrant. What things might have made you move from your home? What might you have been worried about? Write an entry in your notebook answering these two questions.