Particles, Atoms, and Molecules. By: Broccan. The stages of My Power point. These are the steps in which I will introduce you to: Quarks Gluons Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons Atoms Atomic structure Isotopes Ionic Bonds Covalent bonds How we get energy by burning molecules
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Particles, Atoms, and Molecules By: Broccan
The stages of My Power point • These are the steps in which I will introduce you to: • Quarks • Gluons • Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons • Atoms • Atomic structure • Isotopes • Ionic Bonds • Covalent bonds • How we get energy by burning molecules • How matter and energy relate to biology
Quarks • Quarks are the “basic building blocks” of matter • There are three types of families of quarks • The first family consists of “ups” and down quarks which forms protons and neutrons • The second family consists of “strange” and “charm” quarks which are used in high energies • The third family consists of “top” and “bottom” quarks which are only used in very high energies .
Gluons • Gluons are particles that hold together Quarks
Protons • Protons contain two “up” quarks and one “down” quark • Gluons are used to bind the quarks together • Protons carry a positive electrical charge
Electrons • Electrons carry a negative electrical charge • As of know, electrons are individual and contain no quarks or gluons
Neutrons • Neutrons carry no electrical charge • Neutrons contain one “up” quark and two “down” quarks • Gluons are used to bind the quarks together
Atoms • Atoms are “basic building blocks” for ordinary matter • Atoms join together to form molecules • Atoms are made up of protons, electrons and neutrons • Each atoms will have the same amount of protons to electrons • Most neutrons have at least the same number as protons and electrons
Atomic Structure • According to the bohr atomic theory, a basic unit of an element is an atom • Protons, neutrons, and electrons circulate around the nucleus • Atomic mass= Number of protons and number of neutrons • Mass of proportion= Mass of neutron
Isotopes • Isotopes are atoms with a neutron number different from the majority • Isotopes will have a different atomic mass from the majority of atoms of that element • The nuclei are less stable than normal • The nuclei rapidly change to a more stable form and release energy
Ionic Bonds • An ionic bond is formed when one atom gives or accepts one or more of its valence electrons to another atom • Under here is a Sodium Ionic bond
Covalent Bonds • A covalent bond is formed when two non-metal atoms share valence electrons • When electrons are shared between to metallic bonds than a metallic bond is formed • Covalent bonds involve complete sharing at electrons and occurs mostly between atoms that have partially filled outer shells. • If the atoms are similar in negativity, than the electrons will be shared
Burning Molecules • By raising the temperture of a molecule, we speed up how fast it moves • The faster it moves the stronger the reaction • An example of the everyday burning molecules is nitrogen and oxygen • Each bond has two electrons • When a smash happens, an atom gets one electron
How does Biology relate to Matter and Energy? With Animals and plants, we all have cells that make up who we are. Inside a cell we have Protrons, neutrons, and electrons. These are like steps. First comes Matter and Energy, then comes cell, then DNA, and etc.