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HYDROGRAPHIC SOCIETY 4 DECEMBER 2007. NICK HARRINGTON, BSc, MRICS. WHY RENEWABLE ENERGY?. Reduction of emissions, Kyoto targets Security of supply Cost. MARINE ENERGY. Tidal Barrage Tidal Stream Wave Energy Shoreline Seabed Shallow water Deep water . WHY IN SOUTH WEST?.

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HYDROGRAPHIC SOCIETY 4 DECEMBER 2007


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hydrographic society 4 december 2007

HYDROGRAPHIC SOCIETY4 DECEMBER 2007

NICK HARRINGTON, BSc, MRICS

why renewable energy
WHY RENEWABLE ENERGY?
  • Reduction of emissions, Kyoto targets
  • Security of supply
  • Cost
marine energy
MARINE ENERGY
  • Tidal Barrage
  • Tidal Stream
  • Wave Energy
    • Shoreline
    • Seabed
    • Shallow water
    • Deep water
why in south west
WHY IN SOUTH WEST?
  • Strong wave and tidal resource
  • Existing marine sector
  • Academic base
  • Opportunities in new industry
wave power levels
WAVE POWER LEVELS

Source: World Energy Council website - based on Claesson, (1987)

costs of electricity generation
COSTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION

Source: PB Power “Powering the Nation” March 2006

wave hub uk route to commercialisation

R&D

NaREC

Demonstration

Initial prototype

EMEC

Refined prototype

Wave Hub

Pre- commercial device

Market entry with

commercial product

Market penetration

WAVE HUB – UK ROUTE TO COMMERCIALISATION
wave hub provides
WAVE HUB PROVIDES
  • Consented sea area
  • Grid connected 5MW per berth
  • Monitoring and testing
  • Power purchase agreement
  • Opportunities to collaborate
  • Access to suppliers’ research base
site identification
SITE IDENTIFICATION
  • Wave resource
  • Grid connection
  • Shipping
  • Wildlife
  • Fishing
  • Military
  • 12 NM limit
site selection
SITE SELECTION

Source: Halcrow Wave Hub Technical Feasibility Study – Jan 2005

planning consent
PLANNING CONSENT
  • Electricity Act 1989 – Section 36
    • declaration to extinguish rights of navigation
    • deemed consent for works on land
  • Food & Environment Protection Act 1985 – Section 5
  • Coast Protection Act 1949 – Section 34

FURTHER APPLICATIONS

  • Safety zones
  • Device specific FEPA licences
environmental impact assessment
Terrestrial ecology

Intertidal ecology

Subtidal ecology

Ornithology

Marine ecology

Fish and fisheries study

Cetacean survey

Water quality

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  • Sediment quality
  • Archaeological assessment
  • Landscape and visual amenity
  • Underwater video
  • Impact on surfing beaches
  • Stakeholder and community consultation
south west wave hub
SOUTH WEST WAVE HUB
  • Coastal Processes Study
  • Marine Traffic Survey
  • Navigation Risk Assessment
consent
CONSENT

Consent granted 17 September 2007

  • First Section 36 marine renewables consent in UK
  • Consent conditions
slide23

LOCATION OF TSS RELATIVE TO THE WAVE HUB DEPLOYMENT AREA

Fig 5.2 Anatec Navigational Risk Assessment (May 2006)

slide24

OVERVIEW CHART OF TRACKS RECORDED 7 AUGUST 2005 (BUSIEST DAY)

Fig 4.7 Anatec Marine Traffic Survey (August 2005)

slide25

MAIN MERCHANT ROUTES IDENTIFED FROM SURVEY DATA

Fig 5 Page 117 Anatec Navigational Risk Assessment (May 2006)

fisheries
FISHERIES
  • Liaison under FLOWW guidelines
  • Rights to fish removed by Secretary of State declaration
  • No statutory entitlement to compensation
  • Expectation developers to mitigate/compensate
  • Difficult to assess individual impacts
pri mare
PRI-MaRE

Universities of Plymouth and Exeter

  • Plymouth Marine Laboratory
  • Marine Biological Association
  • Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science
  • The Met Office
pri mare1
PRI-MaRE
  • Resource assessment
  • Coastal processes
  • Electrical operations
  • Operations and maintenance
  • Moorings design
  • Environmental impacts
  • Safety of operations
  • Social and economic
programme
PROGRAMME
  • Board approval April 2007
  • Consents September 2007
  • Financial close December 2007
  • Order cable January 2008
  • Construction Summer 2009
  • First devices deployed Late summer 2009
capturing the benefits
CAPTURING THE BENEFITS
  • Inward investment
  • Supply chain
  • Marine facilities
  • Support services
  • Research and knowledge economy
  • Overseas markets
the future
THE FUTURE
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Strategic Environmental Assessment
  • Track record of performance from devices
  • Environmental impacts understood
  • Applications for commercial projects
slide32

FURTHER INFORMATION:

www.wavehub.co.uk

nick.harrington@southwestrda.org.uk