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Democracy Strengthening via the Internet. Dr. Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond ocl@gih.com ISOC England Chapter Chairman ALAC Chairman at ICANN. Presentation at 5th Ukraine Internet Governance Forum Kyiv, Ukraine, 3 October 2014. e-government, e-governance, e-participation.

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Democracy Strengthening via the Internet


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    1. Democracy Strengthening via the Internet Dr. Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond ocl@gih.com ISOC England Chapter Chairman ALAC Chairman at ICANN Presentation at 5th Ukraine Internet Governance ForumKyiv, Ukraine, 3 October 2014

    2. e-government, e-governance, e-participation • E-government – accessing all government services on-line • E-governance – in a small community • E-participation – on-line forum for citizen participation

    3. E-government accessing all government services on-line

    4. NOT E-participation

    5. E-governance in a known community

    6. ICANN Multi-Stakeholder Model Ombudsman Board of Directors Chair GAC Governmental Advisory Committee President and CEO L L L L L 16 9 10 13 14 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15 Technical Liaison Group ICANN Staff MDR – 68SV – 11 DC – 9 Sydney - 5 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11Other non-US - 14 Nominating Committee Internet EngineeringTask Force Per ICANN Bylaws, Article VII, section 2 TLG IETF ASO GNSO ccNSO At-Large Security & Stability Advisory Committee Root Server System Advisory Committee Internet Users (At-Large Advisory Committee,in conjunction with RALOs) Regional Internet Registries ARIN RIPE NCC LACNIC APNIC AfriNIC gTLD Registries gTLD Registrars IP interests ISPs Businesses Universities Consumers ccTLD registries (.us, .uk, .au, .it, .be, .nl, etc.) ALAC SSAC RSSAC Source: http://www.icann.org/en/about/

    7. Staff Ombudsman President and CEO ICANN Staff MDR – 68SV – 11 DC – 9 Sydney - 5 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11Other non-US - 14 ICANN Multi-Stakeholder Model CountryCodeOperators Governments GAC InternetUsers Governmental Advisory Committee Technical Liaison Group AnotherMulti-StakeholderModel Internet EngineeringTask Force TLG Multi-Stakeholder Model IETF Other Advisory Committees ASO GNSO ccNSO At-Large Security & Stability Advisory Committee Root Server System Advisory Committee Internet Users (At-Large Advisory Committee,in conjunction with RALOs) Regional Internet Registries ARIN RIPE NCC LACNIC APNIC AfriNIC gTLD Registries gTLD Registrars IP interests ISPs Businesses Universities Consumers ccTLD registries (.us, .uk, .au, .it, .be, .nl, etc.) ALAC SSAC RSSAC Source: http://www.icann.org/en/about/

    8. At-Large Bottom-up to the ALAC BottomUp

    9. Example of At-Large Structure Input Response to Public Comment Request Bottom-up process

    10. Open Public Comment List

    11. Open Public Comment

    12. Open Public Forum

    13. E-participation on-line forum for citizen participation

    14. Government consultation

    15. Consultation Portal

    16. Public Consultation Input

    17. Individual Parliamentarians

    18. Zoom on process

    19. Jacques Attali – on referendum • The problem with a referendum is that people do not vote on the topic of the referendum. They vote for or against the person or administration who ask the question.

    20. Conclusions • E-government services are costly to implement but improve efficiency and reduce corruption • E-participation needs to be promoted • E-participation needs to be facilitated • People need to be educated on how to e-participate • Politicians need to be educated on how to listen to input from e-participation

    21. Thank you ! Questions? Comments? Suggestions? Olivier Crépin-Leblond <ocl@gih.com>