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32.1 The Nixon Administration -Read by 1/30 32.2 Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall -Read by 2/3 32.3 The Ford and Carter Years -Read by 2/6 Iran and the Iranian Hostage Crisis -Readings will be posted online 2/11 32.4 Environmental Activism -Read by 2/13. “I am not a crook.”

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Chapter 32 an age of limits

32.1 The Nixon Administration

-Read by 1/30

32.2 Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall

-Read by 2/3

32.3 The Ford and Carter Years

-Read by 2/6

Iran and the Iranian Hostage Crisis

-Readings will be posted online 2/11

32.4 Environmental Activism

-Read by 2/13

“I am not a crook.”

-Richard M. Nixon

Chapter 32: An Age of Limits

Unit Essential Questions

What are the limits to Political Power?

Who ultimately holds the power in a democracy?

32 1 the nixon administration

32.1 The Nixon Administration

Essential Question:

What domestic and foreign policy accomplishments did Richard Nixon achieve during his administration?

Key terms
Key Terms

  • Richard M. Nixon

  • New Federalism

  • Revenue Sharing

  • Family Assistance Plan (FAP)

  • Southern Strategy

  • Stagflation

  • OPEC

  • Realpolitik

  • Détente

  • SALT I Treaty (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)

Key dates
Key Dates

  • 1968 Nixon Elected President

  • 1971- Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd. Of Ed. allows school bussing

  • 1971- Stagflation begins

  • February 1972- Nixon goes to China

  • May 1972- Nixon goes to Moscow

  • 1972- SALT I Treaty signed

  • 1973- Yom Kippur War

  • 1973-1974 OPEC Oil Embargo

Nixon s new conservatism
Nixon’s New Conservatism

  • Goal was to move country in a more conservative direction

    • Decrease power and role of the federal gov.

    • Stop parts of the Great Society

  • New Federalism

    • Define: distribute power to local and State governments.

  • Done by revenue sharing.

    • Define: allowed state gov. to spend federal money as they saw fit.

    • 86 Billion by 1986

Legislative battles
Legislative Battles

  • Congress was controlled by Democrats

    • First time since 1849

  • Family Assistance Plan

    • Welfare reform meant to make welfare more efficient

    • Gave people an income of $1,600

  • Passed House

    • Senate rejects Bill

      • Attacks from Left and Right

  • Increased spending on Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security and Food Stamps to earn Democratic Support

  • He impounded, or withheld, funds for many Government programs he disagreed with.

Law and order politics
Law- and Order Politics

  • Nixon cracked down on far-left aspects of society

    • Used FBI and CIA to go after groups such as SDS and radical Civil Rights groups

  • Used IRS to target political foes

  • Nixon saw political opponents as personal foes

    • “anyone who opposes us we’ll destroy.”

    • VP Sipro T. Agnew- consistently attacked media and anti-war movement

The southern strategy
The Southern Strategy

  • What political party do you associate with the South?

    • Republicans- Why?

  • Nixon wants to win re-election in 1972 begins to go after unhappy Southern Democrats.

  • To attract these voters Nixon:

    • Slowed integration of schools in the South- Supreme Court forced him to follow laws

      • 90% of southern schools integrated

    • In North Nixon opposed Bussing

  • Opposition to these integration efforts helped Nixon win over Southern Whites


  • Define-

  • Rising unemployment and inflation

    • Caused in part by Deficit spending by Johnson (Great Society/ Vietnam)

    • International Competition from West Germany and Japan

    • Not enough jobs for all the women and Baby-Boomers entering the workforce

  • Dependency on Foreign Oil

    • OPEC controls production and price

    • During 1973 Yom Kippur War. US ally Israel against Egypt and Syria; OPEC starts Oil Embargo in response to US support for Israel.

    • Lasts from fall 1973 to March 1974- when trade resumed price had quadrupled

Chapter 32 an age of limits

  • Nixon could do little to stop stagflation

    • Wanted to raise taxes and cut spending Congress would not pass plan

    • Turned to wage and price controls

    • Economic recession began

    • Nixon’s policies did not stop economic slide

  • Nixon always preferred foreign policy to domestic

  • How did Nixon earn his reputation in Foreign affairs?

    • Alger Hiss trial

    • Nixon earned reputation as hardline anti-communist

    • Used that to his advantage during his presidency

Kissinger and realpolitik
Kissinger and Realpolitik

  • Define:

    • German for realistic politics

  • More practical and flexible policy

  • Nation’s power more important that its Philosophy

    • Confront Powerful : Ignore weak

  • End of Containment

  • Sought to negotiate with Communist China and the Soviet Union

  • Détente

    • Define:

  • Nixon wanted to ease Cold War tensions b/t US and Soviets

Nixon in china and moscow
Nixon in China and Moscow

  • February 1972 Nixon went to Communist China

    • Tried to exploit a rift b/t Soviet Union and China

    • Normalized relations with the Chinese

  • Strong anti-communist background convinced American public to support him

  • May 1972 Nixon travels to Moscow

    • Soviet Premier Brezhnev

    • Signed SALT I Treaty capping Nuclear weapons at 1972 levels

  • Coupled with the

  • end of Vietnam war these foreign Policy achievements helped Nixon win reelection in 1972

Quiz 32 1
Quiz 32.1

  • What was Nixon’s plan to allow state and local governments to spend federal money as they saw fit?

  • This war in the Middle East caused the Oil Embargo in 1973-74?

  • __________ is the Economic conditions with rising inflation and unemployment.

  • Nixon visited what country in February 1972?

  • What treaty was signed by Nixon in Moscow in 1972?