civil engineering materials n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Civil Engineering Materials PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Civil Engineering Materials

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 85

Civil Engineering Materials - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1112 Views
  • Uploaded on

Civil Engineering Materials. Words and Phases. Catalogue. Chapter 1 Basic Properties of Materials Chapter 2 Air Hardening Inorganic Binding Materials Chapter 3 Cement Chapter 4 Ordinary Concrete Chapter 5 Construction Mortar Chapter 6 Wall Materials Chapter 7 Building Steels

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Civil Engineering Materials


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Civil Engineering Materials Words and Phases

    2. Catalogue • Chapter 1 Basic Properties of Materials • Chapter 2 Air Hardening Inorganic Binding Materials • Chapter 3 Cement • Chapter 4 Ordinary Concrete • Chapter 5 Construction Mortar • Chapter 6 Wall Materials • Chapter 7 Building Steels • Chapter 8 Water Proofing Materials • Chapter 9 Bituminous Mixture

    3. Chapter 1 Basic Properties of Materials Back

    4. Words and Phases • material材料 • density密度 • apparent density 表观密度 • bulk density 堆积密度 • solidity 密实度 • porosity 孔隙率 • pore孔隙 • voidage 空隙率 • void 空隙 Chapter 1

    5. Words and Phases • strength 强度 • elasticity 弹性 • plasticity 塑性 • brittleness 脆性 • toughness 韧性 • durability 耐久性 • compressive strength 抗压强度 • tensile strength 抗拉强度 • shearing strength 抗剪强度 Chapter 1

    6. Words and Phases • bending strength 抗弯强度 • deformation 变形 • bending strength 抗弯强度 • deformation 变形 • stole 石材 • cement 水泥 • concrete 砼 • mortar 砂浆 • glass 玻璃 Chapter 1

    7. Words and Phases • pottery陶瓷 • steel 钢材 • wood 木材 • wetting angle 润湿角 • hydrophilic property亲水性 • hydrophobic property憎水性 • water-absorbing quality 吸水性 • water absorption吸水率 • water percentage 含水率 Chapter 1

    8. Words and Phases • specific absorption of quality质量吸水率 • specific absorption of volume体积吸水率 • water percentage of quality质量含水率 • hygroscopic吸湿性 • water resistance 耐水性 • saturation 饱和 Back

    9. Back Chapter 2 Air Hardening Inorganic Binding Materials Back

    10. Words and Phases • binding materials胶凝材料 • organic materials有机材料 • inorganic materials无机材料 • air hardening inorganic binding materials 气硬性无机胶凝材料 • hydraulic binding materials 水硬性胶凝材料 • gypsum 石膏 • lime 石灰 • setting 凝结 Chapter 2

    11. Words and Phases • hardening 硬化 • slaking 消化 • hydration水化 • quick lime 生石灰 • slaked lime熟石灰 • ground quick lime 生石灰粉 • ground quick lime 生石灰粉 • ground hydrated lime熟石灰粉 • lime paste 石灰膏 • asphalt沥青 Chapter 2

    12. Words and Phases • compound material-tackiness agent 合成材料-胶粘剂 • admixture 外加剂 • fineness 细度 • plastering 抹灰 • rendering 粉刷 • calcium quick lime钙质生石灰 • high-magnesium quick lime镁质生石 Chapter 2

    13. Words and Phases • dolomite ground slaked lime 白云石消石灰粉 • over-burnt lime 过火石灰 • under-burnt lime 欠火石灰 • crystallization 结晶 • carbonization 碳化 • soundness 体积安定性 • water retentivity保水性 • shrinkage 收缩 Chapter 2

    14. Words and Phases • lime paste 石灰浆 • milk of lime 石灰乳 • silicate products硅酸盐制品 • carbonated lime board碳化石灰板 • lime-sand brick 灰砂砖 • active blended materials 活性混合料 Back

    15. Chapter 3 Cement Back

    16. Words and Phases • Portland cement:波特兰水泥(硅酸盐水泥) • Ordinary Portland cement: 普通硅酸盐水泥 • ordinary Portland cement: 普通硅酸盐水泥 • furnance-slag cement: 矿渣硅酸盐水泥 • Portland Pozzlana cement: 火山灰质硅酸盐水泥 • Portland fly-ash cement: 粉煤灰硅酸盐水泥 • composite Portland cement: 复合水泥 • high-alumina cement: 高铝水泥 Chapter 3

    17. Words and Phases • magnesium-oxy-chloride cement: 氯氧镁水泥 • general cement: 通用水泥 • special cement: 专用水泥 • characteristic cement: 特性水泥 • aluminous cement: 铝酸盐水泥 • sulfoaluminate cement: 硫铝酸盐水泥 Chapter 3

    18. Words and Phases • hydraulicity: 水硬性 • plasticity: 可塑性 • durability: 耐久性 • aggregates: 骨料 • silicate: 硅酸盐 • anti-corrosion: 抗腐蚀 • freezing resistance: 抗冻 • anchor: 锚固 • clay: 粘土 • limestone: 石灰石 Chapter 3

    19. Words and Phases • carbon dioxide: 二氧化碳(CO2) • calcium oxide: 氧化钙(CaO) • tricalcium silicate: 硅酸三钙 • dicalcium silicate: 硅酸二钙 • tricalcium aluminate: 铝酸三钙 • tetracalcium aluminoferrite: 铁铝酸四钙 • shrinkage: 收缩 • calcium hydroxide: 氢氧化钙 • calcium silicate hydrate: 水化硅酸钙 • sulfate: 硫酸盐 Chapter 3

    20. Words and Phases • masonry: 砌筑 • calcium aluminate hydrate: 水化铝酸钙 • calcium ferrite hydrate: 水化铁酸钙 • ettringite: 水化硫铝酸钙(钙矾石) • paste: 浆体 • initial period: 初始反应期 • induction period: 潜伏期 • capillaries: 毛细管 • fineness: 细度 Chapter 3

    21. Words and Phases • specific surface area: 比表面积 • screening method: 筛分析法 • negative pressure sieving method: 负压筛法 • water pressure sieving method: 水筛法 • dry sieving method: 干筛法 • normal consistency: 标准稠度 • initial Setting: 初凝时间 Chapter 3

    22. Words and Phases • final setting: 终凝时间 • soundness: 体积安定性 • poor dimensional stability: 体积安定性不良 • disassociated: 游离的 • bacillus: 杆状菌 • Le chatelier soundness test: 雷氏夹法 • mortar: 砂浆 • compressive strength: 抗压强度 • bending strength: 抗折强度 Back

    23. Chapter 4 Ordinary Concrete Back

    24. Words and Phases • ordinary concrete: 普通混凝土 • high strength concrete: 高强混凝土 • deposit concrete: 现浇混凝土 • precast concrete: 预制混凝土 • premixed concrete: 预拌混凝土 • plain concrete: 素混凝土 • prestressed concrete: 预应力混凝土 • reinforced concrete: 钢筋混凝土 Chapter 4

    25. Words and Phases • shotcrete concrete: 喷射混凝土 • mass concrete: 大体积混凝土 • concrete pumping: 泵送混凝土 • plasticity: 塑性 • durability: 耐久性 • ingredient: 组成材料 • aggregate: 骨料 • coarse aggregate: 粗骨料 Chapter 4

    26. Words and Phases • impurities: 有害杂质 • mica: 云母 • silt: 淤泥 • organic substance: 有机物 • sulphide: 硫化物 • sulphate: 硫酸盐 • chloride: 氯化物 Chapter 4

    27. Words and Phases • unit screening rate: 分计筛余百分率 • accumulated screening rate: 累计筛余百分率 • grading region: 级配区 • grading curve: 级配曲线 • fineness modulus: 细度模数 • optimized Sp: 合理砂率 • deformation: 变形 Chapter 4

    28. Words and Phases • alkali-aggregate reaction: 碱-骨料反应 • potassium: 钾 • sodium: 钠 • gravel: 碎石 • scree: 卵石 • insoluble matter: 不溶物 Chapter 4

    29. Words and Phases • sequent Gradation: 连续级配 • discontinuous Gradation: 间断级配 • single Gradation: 单粒级 • igneous rock: 火成岩 • metamorphic rock: 变质岩 • aqueous rock: 水成岩 • crushing index: 压碎指标 Chapter 4

    30. Words and Phases • soluble matter: 可溶物 • concrete admixture: 混凝土外加剂 • rheological behavior: 流变性 • water-reducing admixture: 减水剂 • air entraining admixture: 引气剂 • pumping aid: 泵送剂 • set retarder: 缓凝剂 Chapter 4

    31. Words and Phases • hardening accelerating: 早强剂 • flash setting admixture: 速凝剂 • water-repellent admixture: 防水剂 • anti-freezing admixture: 阻锈剂 • expanding admixture: 膨胀剂 • anti-freezing admixture: 防冻剂 • coloring admixture: 着色剂 • surfactant: 表面活性剂 Chapter 4

    32. Words and Phases • hydrophilic group: 亲水基团 • hydrophobic group: 憎水基团 • flocculation structure: 絮凝结构 • Lignin sulfonate water-reducing admixture: 木质素减水剂 • large moulding: 大模板 • sliding formwork: 滑模施工 • Naphthalenesulfonate water-reducing admixture: 萘系减水剂 Chapter 4

    33. Words and Phases • resinous water-reducing admixtures: 树脂系减水剂 • chloride hardening accelerator: 氯盐类早强剂 • sulfate hardening accelerator: 硫酸盐类早强剂 • organic amine hardening accelerator: 有机胺类早强剂 • rosin soap: 松香皂 • rosin pyrolytic polymer: 松香热聚物 • molasses: 糖蜜 • citric: 柠檬酸 • sodium aluminates: 铝酸钠 • calcium aluminates: 铝酸钙 Chapter 4

    34. Words and Phases • caulking engineering: 堵漏工程 • initial setting time: 初凝时间 • final setting time: 终凝时间 • impermeability: 抗渗性 • mineral admixture: 矿物掺合料 • fly ash: 粉煤灰 • silica fume: 硅粉 • grounded slag: 磨细矿渣 Chapter 4

    35. Words and Phases • sintered clay: 烧粘土 • zeolite: 沸石粉 • volcanic tuff: 火山凝灰岩 • equal replacement: 等量取代法 • excess replacement: 超量取代法 • adscititious: 外掺法 • silica fume: 硅粉 • ferrosilicon: 硅铁合金 • silicon steel.: 硅钢 Chapter 4

    36. Words and Phases • workability: 和易性 • fresh concrete: 新拌混凝土 • mobility: 流动性 • viscidity: 粘聚性 • water retention: 保水性 • workability: 和易性 • slump: 坍落度 • viscosity: 粘性 • segregation:离析 • bleeding:泌水 • slump: 坍落度 • vebe consistometer test: 维勃稠度试验 Chapter 4

    37. Words and Phases • dry shrinkage: 干缩 • cold contract: 冷缩 • volume decrease: 体积减缩 • settlement: 沉缩 • lastic shrinkage: 塑性收缩 • bleeding path: 泌水通道 • one-axis static compression: 单轴静态受压 • elastic limit: 比例极限 • critic load: 临界荷载 • ultimate load: 极限荷载 Chapter 4

    38. Words and Phases • cubic compressive strength: 立方体抗压强度 • specimen: 试件 • prism compressive strength: 轴心抗压强度 • tensile strength: 抗拉强度 • bending strength: 抗折强度 • velocity mixing: 高速搅拌 • ultrasonic vibration: 声波搅拌 • high frequency vibration: 高频振幅 • multi frequency vibration: 多频振幅 Chapter 4

    39. Words and Phases • extra-coefficient of cement: 水泥富余系数 • natural cure: 自然养护 • steam cure: 蒸汽养护 • autoclaved cure: 蒸压养护 • age: 龄期 • hoop effect: 环箍效应 • anti-permeability: 抗渗性 • anti-corrosion: 抗侵蚀性 • anti-carbonate: 抗碳化性 Chapter 4

    40. Words and Phases • anti-abrasion: 耐磨损 • carbonation: 碳化 • mix Proportion Design: 配合比设计 • design of preliminary mix: 初步配合比设计 • ascertaining the basic mix proportion: 基准本配合比的确定 • laboratory mix Proportion: 实验室配合比 • working Mix Proportion: 施工配合比 • absolute volume: 绝对体积法 • assume an apparent density: 假定表观密度法 Back

    41. Chapter 5 Construction Mortar Back

    42. Words and Phases • masonry mortar 砌筑砂浆 • surface mortar 抹面砂浆 • especial mortar特殊砂浆 • cement mortar水泥砂浆 • lime mortar石灰砂浆 • mix mortar混合砂浆 • rubble masonry 毛石砌体 • brickwork砖砌体 Chapter 5

    43. Words and Phases • hilly sand 山砂 • furnace slag 炉渣 • expansion cement膨胀水泥 • component adapter构件接头 • structure reinforcement结构加固 • crackle mending裂纹修补 • smooth flour-milling jointing 光滑磨面勾缝 Chapter 5

    44. Words and Phases • mobility(consistency)流动性(稠度) • fresh mortar 新拌砂浆 • hardened mortar 硬化砂浆 • workability 和易性 • water dosage 用水量 • sinking degree沉入量 • consistometer of mortar 砂浆稠度仪 Chapter 5

    45. Words and Phases • laminate分层 • layering degree 分层度 • dense substrate (imhygrophanous beds) 密实基层(不吸水基层,如石材) • porous substrate (hygrophanous beds) 多孔基层(吸水基层) • empirical coefficient经验系数 • cement mix mortar 水泥混合砂浆 • cement mortar 水泥砂浆 Chapter 5

    46. Words and Phases • adhesion stress 粘结力 • substrate 基底材料 • mix ratio design of mortar 砂浆配合比设计 • strength standard deviation 强度标准差 • trial strength 试配强度 Back

    47. Chapter 6 Wall Materials

    48. Words and Phases • wall material 墙体材料 • roof material屋面材料 • wall bricks 砌墙砖 • fired brick烧结砖 • fired clay brick普通粘土砖 • fired porous brick烧结多孔砖 • fired hollow brick烧结空心砖 • autoclaved brick蒸养(压)砖 • wall blocks墙用砌块 Chapter 6

    49. Words and Phases • small-size hollow block小型空心砌块 • fly ash and silicate medium-size block粉煤灰硅酸盐中型砌块 • bricks 砖 • blocks 砌块 • plywood 板材 • porous brick多孔砖 • hollow brick空心砖 • solid brick实心砖 • clay brick粘土砖 Chapter 6

    50. Words and Phases • fly ash brick粉煤灰砖 • coal mine waste brick煤矸石砖 • variable coefficient 变形系数 • standard deviation 标准差 • fly ash waste 粉煤灰渣 • small-size block小砌块 • medium-size block中砌块 • large-size block大砌块 • cement concrete block水泥混凝土砌块 Chapter 6