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INTRODUCTION TO TELUGU FICTION WITH A SPECIAL FOCUS ON WOMEN’S WRITING. By Dr. H. KALPANA Associate Professor Department of English Pondicherry University Puducherry 605014 Email: hkalp@yahoo.com ; hkalp.eng@pondiuni.edu.in. OUTLINE. 19 th century period

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introduction to telugu fiction with a special focus on women s writing

INTRODUCTION TO TELUGU FICTION WITH A SPECIAL FOCUS ON WOMEN’S WRITING

By

Dr. H. KALPANA

Associate Professor

Department of English

Pondicherry University

Puducherry 605014

Email: hkalp@yahoo.com; hkalp.eng@pondiuni.edu.in

outline
OUTLINE
  • 19th century period
  • Telugu novels: growth and development
  • Phases
  • Emergence of Women’s Writing
  • Some Important writers and works
background
Background
  • 19th Century
  • Influences
  • Telugu Literature
  • Emergence of the Novel
  • First Novel?
first novel
First Novel
  • KokondaVenkataratnam: Mahaswetha (1867)???
  • Attempt to write a novel
  • 1872 --Lord Mayo’s announcement of an award
  • GopalakrihnammaShetty : Shriranga Raja Charitramu (SonabaiParinayamu)
  • Thought to be first Novel
first novel controversy
First Novel Controversy
  • Shetty’snomencalture: VachanaPrabandhamu.
  • NaveenaPrabandhamu
  • 6 years later :
  • Veereshalingam: Vivekavardhini –serial
  • RajashekaraCharitra
first novel1
First Novel
  • AkkirajuRamapathiraju, PullabotlaVenkateshwaralu, R.S. Sudarshanam
  • KoduriShriramamurthi
  • Influence of Vicar of Goldfield
  • Translated into English as Fortune’s Wheel
phases of the telugu novel
PHASES OF THE TELUGU NOVEL
  • Initial Stages: 1872-1900
  • Blooming Phase: 1900-1930
  • Imaginative phase: 1930-1950
  • Flowering phase: 1950-1960
  • Modern Age: 1970-1990
  • New Age: 1990….
phase i
Phase I
  • ShrirangaCharitra
  • RajashekaraCharitra: 1878 serial
  • Rajashekar (Subramanya, Rukmini, Seeta): Ramaraju ---Critique of society—Women’s role
other works
Other Works
  • Ramachandravijayamu--Chilaka Murthy
  • Other works: Ahalyabai, SoundaryaTilakamu, KarpuraManjari,Hemalatha, Ganapathi
  • Magazine:Deshamatha
  • Influenced by Veereshalingam
  • RamachandraVijayamu: corruption and bribe
  • Hemaladha: muslim rule
  • SoundrayaTilakamu: Imagination
  • Ganapathi: Humour (1919)
ii phase
II Phase
  • KetavarapuVenkatashastri: Madalasa
  • DevarajuKrishnarao: Vadevidu, Kalurayi
  • MosalikantaSanjeevarao: MoghalaiDarbar
  • KroviddiLingaraju: Amma

THEMES:

  • Social, Judgement of Sins, Translations
phase ii contd
Phase II contd
  • 1913: TallapragadaSuryanarayana: Pelavathi--oppressed classes:
  • 1918: VenkataParvateeshwara: MatruMandiram– nationalist
  • 1920: ShivaramaShastri: Obayya--Caste Conflicts
  • LakshiminarayanPantulu: Malapalli—Epic Novel
malapalli
Malapalli
  • LakshiminarayanPantulu, 1912: imprisoned at Rayapaleru
  • Banned twice by British rulers
  • Ramadas protagonist: Choudarayya—feudal lord
  • Improvement of oppressed classes
  • Sangadasu –son—principled; Vekatadas-rebellious; Ramanaidu: fights for oppresssed sections; Subbalakshmi important role
malapalli s importance
Malapalli’s Importance
  • Why important:
  • Social improvement
  • Philosophical bent
  • Gandhian principles
  • Language of the Novel
  • Plot and Story Structure
  • Dialogues and Imaginative Style
  • Realistic portrayal
iii phase
III Phase
  • Vishwanatha: Veyyipadagalu Emotions, Thought and Insight
  • AdaviBapiraju: NarayanaRao, Tufanu, Himabindu, AdaviShanthi, Stree
  • MokkapatiNarasimhaShastri: Barrister Parvateesham: humorous novel-London returned
iv phase
IV Phase
  • Chalam
  • Kodavaganti
  • Gopichand
  • Buchibabau
  • Ranganayakamma
  • Ravishastri
slide16

Chalam’s Novels--women oriented

  • 1921: Shashirekha: love/arranged marriage foreword: Swami Shivashankarulu
  • 1923: DaivamichinnaBaryainfluence of Hardy’s Tess
  • 1927: Maidanam—secret reading;Rajeshwari
  • 1928: Vivaham: Child marriage
  • 1948: JeevithaAdarsham
phase iv contd
Phase IV Contd
  • Gopichand: AsmarthuniKatha
  • First novel Parivartana
  • PillaTimera, Gadiyapadanitalapulu, MerapulaMarkalu, Sheetalalayam.
  • Buchibabu: ChivarikkiMigeledi—Oedipal Complex and incest
  • G.V. Krishna Rao: Keelubommalu
v phase
V phase
  • BalivadiKantarao
  • MadireddySulochana
  • VasireddySeetadevi
  • Naveen
  • Sheelavirraj
  • Beena Devi
  • DasiradhiRangacharya
vi phase
VI Phase
  • Yaddanapudi
  • KoduriKausalyadevi
  • YendamuriVeerendranath
  • Volga
  • AbburiChayadevi
  • KondaveetiSatyavathi
emergence of women writers
Emergence of Women Writers
  • First 1906: SudarshanaChakram, woman novelist: JayantSuramma
  • 1914:Mallavarapu Subamma: KalavathiCharitra
  • Shobavathi, A.P. Piratamma. Social Novel 1924
  • KanuparthiVaralakshamma: 1924. Vasumathi
  • Ranganayakamma: Stree
  • VasireddySeetadevi : Samata
women s writing
Women’s Writing
  • BandaruAcchamamba
  • ‘Dana Trayodashi’: 1902 Hindu Sundari
  • 1874 Krishna District. Nandi
  • 6 years of age father’s death--10 years married
  • 1903 The first dispute of a wife
  • ‘Vidyavatulaguyuvatulakokkavinapamu’
  • ‘Streevidhyaokkaprabavamu’
  • 1902 BrindavanaStreelaSamajamu with SundariRatnambal
dr p streedevi
Dr. P. Streedevi
  • 1929
  • Medical doctor
  • 1957: Kalateetalavyakatulu
  • Indira protagonist
  • SwarupamuloRupam
  • VarshamuTelisesariki
  • Urumulu-Merpulu: Importance to beauty-sudha, sarathi
  • RevathiSwayamvar--3 friends Shastri Master, Krishna murthy, seetapathi
ranganayakamma
Ranganayakamma
  • 1977-82: JanakiVimukthi
  • Sweet home, Vimala, Buchibabu
  • Pekkamedalu, Bhanu, economic independence
  • Rachyitri
  • Chaduvikonna Kamala
saraladevi
Saraladevi
  • KumkumaRekhalu: 1962 Kutullu
  • Collected Stories: 1977
  • KommaBomma: 1979 Patriarchy Manga marriage 9th std pass
  • Chiguru:2005 Widow Remarraige,
  • AbburiChayadevi: ‘Upagraham’
koduri kausalyadevi
KoduriKausalyadevi
  • 1960 1990 35 novels 40 stories
  • Chakra Bramanamwoman and family dilemma
  • ShantiNiketan: Shanti independent thinking loses idealism, artist
  • Nivedita women in prostitution
  • Kalpataru: gender difference
  • NemaliKanuluDeepa independent love marriage, orphan home
madireddy sulochana
MadireddySulochana
  • AddalamedaPadmini to return from Ethiopia
  • SajeevaSmruthulu: Vasant: goes back to father’s place, inability to come back
  • PremaluPelliluIndira, Premalatha leave their husbands
debate
DEBATE
  • What is the achievement of women writers?