Marie Curie 1867 - 1934 By Kaja Letowska
Quick facts • Marie Curie (Maria Salomea Skłodowska) was born on the 7th November 1867 and died on the 4th of July, 1934. • She lived in Poland and in France through her life. She travelled a lot too. • She worked in physics and chemistry. • She got awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. • However, she refused to collect it personally. • She and her husband Pierre said they didn’t like the crowds of people and were too busy with their work.
Early Years • Marie Curie, or Maria Salomea Skłodowska, was born in Warsaw, Poland on the 7th of November, 1867. • She had four older siblings- Zofia, Józef, Bronisława and Helena. • When Maria was ten, she attended boarding school. • Later she was learning in a gymnasium and got a gold medal for graduating. • Because of depression, she then moved to the countryside with her father’s relatives. This is the hospital where Marie was born now days- beside it is the ‘Marie Curie’ museum. It stands on ulica Freta in Warsaw.
Paris • In 1891 Maria left Poland and set out to live in Paris, France. • In Paris, she stayed with her sister until she got an apartment beside a university she wanted to attend. • She studied physics in the university. • In 1983 she was rewarded a degree in physics and went to study in a laboratory.
Pierre Curie • Pierre Curie was a scientist that worked on the same subject as Marie. • They were working for a year in the same laboratory. • After that year Pierre proposed and Maria Skłodowska became Marie Curie. • They both loved long bicycle trips and journeys abroad which brought them even closer. • In 1897 they had a daughter called Irene. Pierre, Irene and Marie Curie.
Discoveries • Marie took great interest in x-rays. She began to study them. • X-rays were very weak and not understood- Marie changed that. • She made the word ‘radioactivity’ to describe how they work. • Pierre wanted to join Marie to help her in her studies. • He left his important work on crystals so they can work on the same subject.
Final Days • Marie visited Poland for the last time in 1934. • A few months later, in July 1934 she died. • She was exposed to too much radiation from her studies. • She carried test tubes with chemicals in her pockets and in her drawers. • No-one knew that you need special equipment so you don’t get too much radiation. Statue of Marie Curie in Warsaw, Poland. It faces the Radium Institute she established in 1932.