Amer ican Foreign Policy in the PCW (or unipolarity). Week 5. Overview : New World Order ?. The collapse of the SU created a massive shift in the international balance of power and left the US as the sole remaining superpower.
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“ What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of post-war history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.” The End of History
“The tendencies of what I am here calling Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of post-war history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the forces of Jihad and the forces of McWorld operate with equal strength in opposite directions, the one driven by hatreds, the other by universalizing markets, the one re-creating ancient subnational and ethnic borders from within, the other making national borders porous from without. They have one thing in common: neither offers much hope to citizens looking for practical ways to govern themselves democratically.”
“…The fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural. Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future.” The Clash of Civilizations
1991 - US forcesplay dominant role in waragainstIraq, whichwastriggeredbyIraq'sinvasion of Kuwaitandendedwiththeexpulsion of Iraqitroopsfromthatcountry.
1992 - DemocraticPartycandidate Bill Clinton electedpresident.
- US intervenes Somali for humanitarian relief
- Congresspasses NAFTA, intendedtocreatefree-tradeblocamong US, CanadaandMexico.
1993 June: will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and Air assault on Iraq
September: Oslo Accords on Middle East
Ocotber:18 US military personnel killed in Somalia
1994 April : US forces leave Somalia
September : US invasion of Haiti
October: North Korean nuclear agreement
1995 August: US diplomatic initiative in Bosnia and launched a limited bombing campaign against Bosnian Serb positions. November: Dayton Peace Accords
1996 November: will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and Clinton re-elected
1998 April: Good Friday ( Belfast) Peace Agreement
August: Missile attacks on Sudan and Afghanistan.
December: US-UK air strikes on Iraq
1999 March: NATO air strikes – without UN mandate- air strikes on Serbia begin.
US plays leading role in will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and NATO bombardment of Yugoslavia in response to Serb violence against ethnic Albanians in the province ofKosovo. (1999 March-June)
2000 will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and July: Israel-Palestine peace talks begin to Camp David
November:Republican Party's George W Bush wins presidency.
2001 July:US tests its controversial missile defence shield, or "Son of Star Wars".
11 will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and Septemberattacks
2001 11 September- Co-ordinatedsuicideattacks on varioushigh-profile targets, promptingthe US toembark on a ''war on terror'' whichincludestheinvasion of AfghanistanandIraq.
2001 October - US leadsmassivecampaign of airstrikesagainstAfghanistanandhelpsoppositionforcesdefeattheTalebanregimeandfindSaudi-borndissidentOsama Bin Laden, who is suspected of mastermindingthe 11 Septemberattacks.
2001 October - USA PatriotActapprovedbytheSenate, givingthegovernmentgreaterpowerstodetainsuspectedterrorists, eavesdrop on communicationsandcountermoney-laundering.
2002 January - State of theUnionaddress: President George W Bush includesIraq, Iran and North Korea in what he describes as an "axis of evil".
Iraq war will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and
2003 March - Missile attacks on Baghdad mark the start of a US-led campaign to topple the Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. US forces advance into central Baghdad in early April.
2003 1 May - President Bush declares that the main part of the war in Iraq is over.
2004 May - Furore over pictures showing the abuse of Iraqi prisoners in US custody.
2004 July - Senate report says US and allies went to war in Iraq on "flawed" information.
Bush second term will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and
2004 2 November - Presidential elections: George W Bush wins a second term.
2006 March - Congress renews the USA Patriot Act, a centrepiece of the government's fight against terrorism, after months of debate about its impact on civil liberties. The government agrees to some curbs on information gathering.
2006 November - Democratic Party wins control of the Senate and House of Representatives in mid-term elections. Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld steps down.
2007 January - President Bush announces a new Iraq strategy; thousands more US troops will be dispatched to shore up security in Baghdad.
Lehman will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and collapse
2008September - Turmoil in the US andinternationalfinancialmarkets as major Wall Street investment bank LehmanBrotherscollapsesandotherbig US financialplayersfacegrowingtroubles as a result of the "creditcrunch".
-Withhundreds of billions of dollarswipedout in badloansand a prolongedpropertyslump, the US facesitsworstfinancialcrisis since the Great Depression.
2009 June: will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and Obama delivers speech in Cairo seek a new beginning between the US and Muslims around the world.
2010 April :US andRussiaagreement on a newnucleararmsreductiontreatytoreplacethe 1991 StrategicArmsReductionTreaty.
2010 will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and November - Republicansmakesweepinggains in mid-termelections, regainingcontrol of House of Representatives.
2011 May - US forceskill Al-QaedaleaderOsama Bin Laden in an operation in thePakistanicity of Abbottabad.
2011 December- Last US troops withdraw from Iraq
2012 January -Obama unveils new defence strategy with greater emphasis on Asia.
2013 September - UN weapons inspectors conclude that chemical weapons were used in an attack on the Ghouta area of Damascus in August that killed about 300 people, but do not explicitly allocate responsibility for the attack.
2013 September 8- US Secretary of State John Kerry says he and Arab League foreign ministers have agreed that the Syrian president's alleged use of chemical weapons crossed a "global red line".
2013 October - President Assad allows international inspectors to begin destroying Syria's chemical weapons on the basis of a US-Russian agreement.
Thanks will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and